Category Archives: Activism

John Kenyon Chapman Papers, 1969-2009

Creator: Chapman, John Kenyon.
Collection number: 3419
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Abstract: John Kenyon Chapman (1947-2009), known as Yonni, was a life-long social justice activist, organizer, and historian who focused his academic and social efforts on workers rights and African American empowerment in central North Carolina. Chapman was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio, in 1947; graduated from Harvard University in 1969; and then moved to Atlanta, Ga., to join the fight for African American equality. He relocated to North Carolina in 1975 and worked as a laboratory technician at the North Carolina Continue reading John Kenyon Chapman Papers, 1969-2009

Raymond B. Mallard Papers, 1937-1970s

Creator: Mallard, Raymond B.
Collection number: 5518
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Abstract: Raymond Bowden Mallard was born in Faison, N.C., in 1908. He was an attorney, state legislator, North Carolina Superior Court judge, and first chief judge of the North Carolina State Court of Appeals. Mallard died in 1979 in Tabor City, N.C. The collection documents Raymond B. Mallard’s judicial career and related civic activities. Materials include correspondence; briefs and other legal documents for a variety of cases, most of which probably duplicate the official records that are filed with the North Carolina Court System; writings; court notes; his diary from the Superior Court special terms of 1964; informal notes and annotations on envelopes and other materials; speeches; newspaper clippings; and photographs, including a few relating to the civil rights protests in Chapel Hill, N.C. The bulk of the materials documents Mallard’s judicial career on the North Carolina Superior Court and the North Carolina Court of Appeals. Topics include the establishment and function of the Court of Appeals; the trials stemming from the civil rights demonstrations in Chapel Hill; the North Carolina Civil Rights Advisory Committee’s reports on African American participation in instrumentalities of justice and voting history; judicial responsibility for protection of rights of the defendant in high profile cases; preparation and delivery of jury charges; inherent powers of the courts of North Carolina; the Henderson Cotton Mills trials; conflicts with the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI); inmate requests for parole and Mallard’s opinions on criminal recidivism; his interest in student activism on campus; and the North Carolina Bar Association position on legal aid clinics. The collection also documents Mallard’s early work as an attorney for the town of Tabor City, N.C., and board of trustee matters at Pembroke State College, including the conflict over administrative decisions and planning that purportedly diminished the roles and presence of Native Americans at the school.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights: Folders 186-188, 196, 197 document cases in the Superior Court relating to Civil Rights. Folders 206-233 particularly contain legal documentation, clippings, letters, and other materials related to the Civil Rights protests in Chapel Hill in 1964.

Image Folder PF-5518/1 also contains a number of photographs of the protests from 1964.

Daniel H. Pollitt Papers, 1935-2009

Creator: Pollitt, Daniel H.
Collection number: 5498
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Abstract: Daniel Hubbard Pollitt (1921-2010) was a law professor, civil liberties lawyer, progressive activist, and staunch advocate and defender of civil liberties and civil rights. The collection documents Daniel H. Pollitt’s legal career and his scholarly and public service Continue reading Daniel H. Pollitt Papers, 1935-2009

Harvey E. Beech Papers, 1939-2004

Creator: Beech, Harvey E., 1923-
Collection number: 5465-z
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Abstract: Harvey E. Beech was born in Kinston, N.C., in 1923. He was a lawyer, philanthropist, and advocate of civil rights. While studying law in the early 1950s, Beech was asked to join a case against the University of North Carolina School of Law. Continue reading Harvey E. Beech Papers, 1939-2004

Southerners for Economic Justice Records, 1977-2001.

Creator: Southerners for Economic Justice.
Collection number: 5320
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Abstract: Southerners for Economic Justice (SEJ) was founded in 1976 during a successful campaign to help J. P. Stevens textile workers unionize. Since then, SEJ has focused on Continue reading Southerners for Economic Justice Records, 1977-2001.

Bart F. Smallwood papers, 1959-1998.

Creator: Smallwood, Bart F. (Bart Fearing), d. 1985.
Collection number: 4883
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Abstract: Bart Fearing Smallwood was an African-American community organizer in the Windsor and Indian Woods communities of Bertie County, N.C., in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. He was Continue reading Bart F. Smallwood papers, 1959-1998.

Delta Health Center records, 1956-1992.

Creator: Delta Health Center (Bolivar Co., Miss.).
Collection number: 4613
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Abstract: The Delta Health Center was established in the mid-1960s, in the rural, all-African American town of Mound Bayou, Bolivar County, Miss., and served Bolivar, Coahoma, Sunflower, and Washington counties, where poverty was widespread. The Continue reading Delta Health Center records, 1956-1992.

White Rock Baptist Church records, 1880s-1980s.

Creator: White Rock Baptist Church records, 1880s-1980s.
Collection number: 4926
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Abstract: The White Rock Baptist Church was founded in Durham, N.C., in 1866. This collection is comprised of materials, 1880s-1980s, documenting the history of the White Rock Baptist Church and the religious life of its Continue reading White Rock Baptist Church records, 1880s-1980s.

Southern Tenant Farmers' Union records, 1934-1991.

Creator: Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union.
Collection number: 3472
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Abstract: The Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union, organized at Poinsett County, Ark., in 1934, was especially active in Arkansas, Missouri, and Texas. The Union spread into the southeastern states and to California, affiliating off and on Continue reading Southern Tenant Farmers' Union records, 1934-1991.