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Archive for the ‘Desegregation’ Category

Raymond B. Mallard Papers, 1937-1970s

December 6, 2012 Leave a comment

Creator: Mallard, Raymond B.
Collection number: 5518
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Abstract: Raymond Bowden Mallard was born in Faison, N.C., in 1908. He was an attorney, state legislator, North Carolina Superior Court judge, and first chief judge of the North Carolina State Court of Appeals. Mallard died in 1979 in Tabor City, N.C. The collection documents Raymond B. Mallard’s judicial career and related civic activities. Materials include correspondence; briefs and other legal documents for a variety of cases, most of which probably duplicate the official records that are filed with the North Carolina Court System; writings; court notes; his diary from the Superior Court special terms of 1964; informal notes and annotations on envelopes and other materials; speeches; newspaper clippings; and photographs, including a few relating to the civil rights protests in Chapel Hill, N.C. The bulk of the materials documents Mallard’s judicial career on the North Carolina Superior Court and the North Carolina Court of Appeals. Topics include the establishment and function of the Court of Appeals; the trials stemming from the civil rights demonstrations in Chapel Hill; the North Carolina Civil Rights Advisory Committee’s reports on African American participation in instrumentalities of justice and voting history; judicial responsibility for protection of rights of the defendant in high profile cases; preparation and delivery of jury charges; inherent powers of the courts of North Carolina; the Henderson Cotton Mills trials; conflicts with the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI); inmate requests for parole and Mallard’s opinions on criminal recidivism; his interest in student activism on campus; and the North Carolina Bar Association position on legal aid clinics. The collection also documents Mallard’s early work as an attorney for the town of Tabor City, N.C., and board of trustee matters at Pembroke State College, including the conflict over administrative decisions and planning that purportedly diminished the roles and presence of Native Americans at the school.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights: Folders 186-188, 196, 197 document cases in the Superior Court relating to Civil Rights. Folders 206-233 particularly contain legal documentation, clippings, letters, and other materials related to the Civil Rights protests in Chapel Hill in 1964.

Image Folder PF-5518/1 also contains a number of photographs of the protests from 1964.

Daniel H. Pollitt Papers, 1935-2009

June 15, 2012 Leave a comment

Creator: Pollitt, Daniel H.
Collection number: 5498
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Abstract: Daniel Hubbard Pollitt (1921-2010) was a law professor, civil liberties lawyer, progressive activist, and staunch advocate and defender of civil liberties and civil rights. The collection documents Daniel H. Pollitt’s legal career and his scholarly and public service Read more…

W. C. George Papers, 1904-1971.

March 9, 2011 Leave a comment

Creator: George, W. C. (Wesley Critz), 1888-1982.
Collection number:
3822
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Abstract: Wesley Critz George was professor of histology and embryology and chair of the Anatomy Department, University of North Carolina Medical School, and an internationally recognized researcher on the genetics of race. Early items relate to Read more…

Harvey E. Beech Papers, 1939-2004

March 2, 2011 Leave a comment

Creator: Beech, Harvey E., 1923-
Collection number: 5465-z
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Abstract: Harvey E. Beech was born in Kinston, N.C., in 1923. He was a lawyer, philanthropist, and advocate of civil rights. While studying law in the early 1950s, Beech was asked to join a case against the University of North Carolina School of Law. Read more…

Benjamin F. Swalin and Maxine M. Swalin Papers, 1903-2006

February 22, 2011 Leave a comment

Creator: Swalin, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1901-1989; Swalin, Maxine M. (Maxine McMahon)
Collection number: 4962
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Abstract: Benjamin F. Swalin (1901-1989) was conductor and director of the North Carolina Symphony, musician, composer, performer, author, teacher, and advocate Read more…

New Bern Oral History Project records, 1991-1994.

October 12, 2009 Leave a comment

Creator: New Bern Oral History Project.
Collection number: 4751
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Abstract: The New Bern Oral History Project was undertaken by members of the Memories of New Bern Committee, New Bern, N.C., beginning in 1991. Under the direction of Joseph F. Read more…

George H. Esser papers, 1949-2007.

October 12, 2009 Leave a comment

Creator: Esser, George H.
Collection number: 4887
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Abstract: George Hyndman Esser Jr. was born in Norton, Va., in 1922. Esser was a life-long civil rights advocate and crusader against poverty who led the North Carolina Fund under Governor Read more…

Thomas J. White papers, 1933-1977.

October 12, 2009 Leave a comment

Creator: White, Thomas J. (Thomas Jackson), 1903-1991.
Collection number: 4231
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Abstract: Thomas Jackson White was a state representative and senator for Kinston, N.C., in the 1950s and 1960s, serving as chair of the Senate Finance Committee and the Advisory Budget Read more…

Karen L. Parker diary, letter, and clippings, 1963-1966.

October 12, 2009 1 comment

Creator: Parker, Karen L.
Collection number: 5275-z
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Abstract: The first African-American woman undergraduate to attend the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Karen L. Parker was born in Salisbury, N.C., and grew up in Read more…

Luther Hartwell Hodges papers, 1947-1969.

October 12, 2009 Leave a comment

Creator: Hodges, Luther Hartwell, 1898-1974.
Collection number: 3698
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Abstract: Luther Hartwell Hodges began his career as an executive for Marshall Field & Comapny, 1919-1950. He was later consultant to the Economic Cooperation Administration, Read more…