Category Archives: Segregation

John Kenyon Chapman Papers, 1969-2009

Creator: Chapman, John Kenyon.
Collection number: 3419
View finding aid.

Abstract: John Kenyon Chapman (1947-2009), known as Yonni, was a life-long social justice activist, organizer, and historian who focused his academic and social efforts on workers rights and African American empowerment in central North Carolina. Chapman was born in Shaker Heights, Ohio, in 1947; graduated from Harvard University in 1969; and then moved to Atlanta, Ga., to join the fight for African American equality. He relocated to North Carolina in 1975 and worked as a laboratory technician at the North Carolina Continue reading John Kenyon Chapman Papers, 1969-2009

Raymond B. Mallard Papers, 1937-1970s

Creator: Mallard, Raymond B.
Collection number: 5518
View finding aid. 

Abstract: Raymond Bowden Mallard was born in Faison, N.C., in 1908. He was an attorney, state legislator, North Carolina Superior Court judge, and first chief judge of the North Carolina State Court of Appeals. Mallard died in 1979 in Tabor City, N.C. The collection documents Raymond B. Mallard’s judicial career and related civic activities. Materials include correspondence; briefs and other legal documents for a variety of cases, most of which probably duplicate the official records that are filed with the North Carolina Court System; writings; court notes; his diary from the Superior Court special terms of 1964; informal notes and annotations on envelopes and other materials; speeches; newspaper clippings; and photographs, including a few relating to the civil rights protests in Chapel Hill, N.C. The bulk of the materials documents Mallard’s judicial career on the North Carolina Superior Court and the North Carolina Court of Appeals. Topics include the establishment and function of the Court of Appeals; the trials stemming from the civil rights demonstrations in Chapel Hill; the North Carolina Civil Rights Advisory Committee’s reports on African American participation in instrumentalities of justice and voting history; judicial responsibility for protection of rights of the defendant in high profile cases; preparation and delivery of jury charges; inherent powers of the courts of North Carolina; the Henderson Cotton Mills trials; conflicts with the State Bureau of Investigation (SBI); inmate requests for parole and Mallard’s opinions on criminal recidivism; his interest in student activism on campus; and the North Carolina Bar Association position on legal aid clinics. The collection also documents Mallard’s early work as an attorney for the town of Tabor City, N.C., and board of trustee matters at Pembroke State College, including the conflict over administrative decisions and planning that purportedly diminished the roles and presence of Native Americans at the school.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights: Folders 186-188, 196, 197 document cases in the Superior Court relating to Civil Rights. Folders 206-233 particularly contain legal documentation, clippings, letters, and other materials related to the Civil Rights protests in Chapel Hill in 1964.

Image Folder PF-5518/1 also contains a number of photographs of the protests from 1964.

George C. Stoney Papers, 1940-2009

Creator: Stoney, George C.
Collection number: 4970
View finding aid.

Abstract: George C. Stoney (1916- ), a documentary filmmaker who specialized in socially relevant films, was a mentor and teacher to generations of filmmakers and media activists worldwide and a pioneer in the movement for the creation and use of Continue reading George C. Stoney Papers, 1940-2009

W. C. George Papers, 1904-1971.

Creator: George, W. C. (Wesley Critz), 1888-1982.
Collection number:
View finding aid.

Abstract: Wesley Critz George was professor of histology and embryology and chair of the Anatomy Department, University of North Carolina Medical School, and an internationally recognized researcher on the genetics of race. Early items relate to Continue reading W. C. George Papers, 1904-1971.

William Bradley and Merle Davis Umstead papers, 1863-1978.

Creator: Umstead, William Bradley, 1895-1954.
Collection number: 4529
View finding aid.

Abstract: William Bradley Umstead of Durham, N.C., served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina, 1932-1938; as a United States senator, 1946-1948; Continue reading William Bradley and Merle Davis Umstead papers, 1863-1978.

Marion A. Wright papers, 1912-1982.

Creator: Wright, Marion A. (Marion Allan), 1894-1983.
Collection number: 3830
View finding aid.

Abstract: Marion Allan Wright (1894-1983) of South Carolina was an attorney, author, member of the board of directors of the American Civil Liberties Union, and civil rights supporter. Chiefly Continue reading Marion A. Wright papers, 1912-1982.

John Ehle papers, 1942-1993.

Creator: Ehle, John, 1925-
Collection number: 4555
View finding aid.

Abstract: John Marsden Ehle, Jr., author of novels and works of non- fiction, was born in Asheville, N.C., and has lived most of his adult life in Winston-Salem. He served as special Continue reading John Ehle papers, 1942-1993.

Luther Hartwell Hodges papers, 1947-1969.

Creator: Hodges, Luther Hartwell, 1898-1974.
Collection number: 3698
View finding aid.

Abstract: Luther Hartwell Hodges began his career as an executive for Marshall Field & Comapny, 1919-1950. He was later consultant to the Economic Cooperation Administration, Continue reading Luther Hartwell Hodges papers, 1947-1969.

Frank Caldwell Patton papers, 1913-1980.

Creator: Patton, Frank Caldwell, 1896-1980.
Collection number: 5402
View finding aid.

Abstract: Frank Caldwell Patton, Republican of Morganton, Burke County, N.C., was born in 1896. He served as Assistant United States District Attorney for the Western District of North Continue reading Frank Caldwell Patton papers, 1913-1980.

Alan McSurely papers, 1928-1985 (bulk 1960s-1980s).

Creator: McSurely, Alan, 1936-
Collection number: 4928
View finding aid.

Abstract: Lawyer Alan McSurely of Chapel Hill, N.C., was born in 1936 in Dayton, Ohio, and graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. During the 1960s and 1970s, he Continue reading Alan McSurely papers, 1928-1985 (bulk 1960s-1980s).