Home > 20th century, Free People of Color, Labor, Plantations, Politics, Slavery, State, Virginia > Frederick’s Hall Plantation ledgers and other volumes, 1727-1862, 1981.

Frederick’s Hall Plantation ledgers and other volumes, 1727-1862, 1981.

October 12, 2009 Leave a comment Go to comments

Creator: Frederick’s Hall Plantation (Louisa Co., Va.).
Collection number: 1422
View finding aid.

Abstract: The collection includes account books from Hanover and York counties, Va., 1727-1775, and from Frederick’s Hall Plantation in Louisa County, Va., 1849-1862. The relationship, if any, between the former and the latter is unclear. There is also a letter copybook, 1757-1775, of Major John Snelson, probably a descendant of Elizabeth Snelson (fl. 1727-1728). Snelson wrote chiefly to Edward Harford, Jr., of England about tobacco shipments and imported merchandise. The relationship between this volume and the others is also unclear. Colonial-era merchants represented in ledgers include Colonel John Chisolm (d. 1766), A. Gordon (fl. 1750-1751), and William Montgomery (fl. 1751), all of Hanover County. Activities documented in these ledgers include tobacco sales and mining and mineral export, the daily work of merchants, and importing operations. Activities documented in the antebellum ledgers from Frederick’s Hall include lumber production, manufacture and sale of shoes, tobacco production and trade, and merchandizing. There is also some information on wages for slaves and free laborers. Sheet music for an 1854 polka is also included.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights: Letter book kept by Major John Snelson contains occasional references to slavery in Virginia and limited references to politics (See Folder 15)

Folder 26 also contains accounts of laborers working for tobacco manufacturers. It’s unclear whether the workers were enslaved or free people of color.

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