James G. Martin papers, 1973-1992.

Creator: Martin, James G. (James Grubbs), 1935-
Collection number: 4392
View finding aid.

Abstract: James G. Martin, son of Rev. Arthur Morrison Martin and Mary Grubbs Martin, was born in Savannah, Ga., 11 December 1935. In 1960 he received his Ph.D. in chemistry from Princeton University. From 1966 to 1972, Martin served on the Mecklenburg County Board of Commissioners, serving as chair, 1967-1971. In 1968, he was a delegate to the Republican National Convention. Martin served six consecutive terms in the U.S. House of Representatives from North Carolina’s Ninth Congressional District, 1972-1984, and sat on the Republican Study Committee, Republican Conference Research Committee on Science and Aeronautics, Committee on Ways and Means, Ad Hoc Committee on Energy, and House Budget Committee. In 1984, he was elected North Carolina’s 65th governor. Papers documenting the congressional career of James G. Martin as U.S. Representative from the Ninth District of North Carolina. The bulk of these materials consists of legislative and general correspondence files. Other types of material include schedule files, press files, casework, district office files, and pictures. Topics addressed include abortion, civil rights, agriculture, conservation of natural resources, education, emigration and immigration, the Equal Rights Amendment, gun control, labor laws, power resources, prayer in the public schools, public health and welfare, saccharin, textiles, tobacco, foreign relations, veterans, and the Watergate Affair. The addition of February 2000 contains issue briefing files and other files from Martin’s years as governor.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights:  Legislative correspondence, primarily between Martin and his constituents, covers, among other issues, busing and civil rights (For example, see Folder 25, 112, 221, focusing on Civil Liberties and Civil Rights,  and Folders 31,117, 227 focused on School Busing). See also Series 2 (General Correspondence, 1973-1984) for more documentation about civil rights.