James S. Milling papers, 1852-1883.

Creator: Milling, James S., fl. 1854-1883.
Collection number: 3583
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Abstract: James S. Milling was a physician and planter in Fairfield District, S.C. In 1859, Milling moved his slaves to a plantation in Bossier Parish, La., where he spent much of his time while his wife (and cousin) Mary W. Milling and their children remained with her family near Camden, S.C. In 1866, Mary and the children moved to Louisiana. The collection is chiefly letters to James Milling from relatives and friends, including his father, David, in Fairfield Distict, S.C.; his brothers Thomas H. and William A. in South Carolina; his brothers David and John R. in Anderson County, Tex.; his wife near Camden, S. C.; schoolmasters from the Medical College of South Carolina, including an 1855 letter referring to sexual exploits of students; and friends settling frontier areas of Mississippi, Arkansas, and Texas. Many of these letters were written in colloquial English with unconventional grammar and spelling. Chief topics include student life at several South Carolina schools; plantation life and slave relations; travels in the Southwest frontier; the South Carolina home front during the Civil War; life in a military camp near Manassas, Va., in 1861; the war in Mississippi and Louisiana; the formation of Oklahoma; and postwar adjustment. There are few letters after 1866.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights: Letters refer to slaves on the eve of the war in 1860 (Folder 5) and freedmen in 1866 (Folder 10).