John Charles Campbell and Olive D. Campbell papers, 1865-1962.
Creator: Campbell, John Charles and Olive D.
Collection number: 3800
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Abstract: John C. Campbell was a missionary-teacher in Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia; secretary of the Southern Highlands Division (based in Asheville, N.C.) of the Russell Sage Foundation; author of the Foundation’s survey of conditions in the Southern Appalachians; and organizer of the Conference of Southern Mountain Workers. Olive Campbell assisted her husband; founded and directed the John C. Campbell Folk School and related cooperatives at Brasstown, N.C.; and participated in the formation of the Southern Highland Craft Guild. Papers include correspondence; articles, speeches, writings and reports by the Campbells and others; clippings, pamphlets, and near-print material; and a large number of photographs. Also included are diaries, 1908-1909 and 1922-1924, of Olive D. Campbell, the former during her travels in the mountain regions of Georgia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennessee; the latter during her stay in Denmark to study Danish folk schools, and her travels in Sweden, Scotland, and England; and notebooks on American history and on words to folk songs and ballads from eastern Tennessee and Kentucky. The writings series includes a 1923 article on “Midwifery in the Kentucky Mountains” by Mary Breckinridge. The reports series includes materials from the Annual Conference of Southern Mountain Workers, the Council of Southern Mountain Workers, the John C. Campbell Folk School, the Mountain Valley
Cooperative, Inc., the Southern Highlands Handicraft Guild, and Southern Highlanders, Inc. The Addition of 2011 contains papers primarily relating to Olive D. Campbell, including correspondence, mostly to and from Olive D. Campbell; postcards; writings, including articles, academic compositions, and book drafts and manuscripts written by Olive D. Campbell. Also included are diaries and notebooks written or used by Olive D. Campbell, John C. Campbell, and other members of the Campbell and Dame families, including travel diaries and notebooks relating to Olive D. Campbell’s work with southern folk music; personal and family materials, including a transcription of a 1920 conversation between John C. Campbell and Olive D. Campbell after his death; other materials, including clippings and printed materials relating to the Conference of Southern Mountain Workers and the John C. Campbell Folk School; and pictures, including photograph albums and loose photographs and negatives.
Repository: Southern Historical Collection
Collection Highlights: There is a photograph album (PA 3800/9) that includes several pictures of African-Americans who, according to the caption, are descendants of slaves brought into the mountains by “bluegrass families.”