John Wroughton Mitchell papers, 1817-1865.

Creator: Mitchell, John Wroughton, 1796-1878.
Collection number: 4282
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Abstract: John Wroughton Mitchell was in 1796 in Charleston, S.C., and elected Charleston city attorney in October 1817. That same year, he began his law practice in Charleston and became active in Episcopal affairs there. In 1832, Mitchell held “offices of justice and notary” in Charleston and was an opponent of John C. Calhoun in the nullification crisis. He moved to New York City around 1833 and continued his law practice there, also serving as Commissioner of Deeds of South Carolina in New York City. He was founder of churches and active in Episcopal affairs in the city.During the civil War, Mitchell was a Peace Democrat in New York City, where he died in 1878. Correspondence and related material of John Wroughton Mitchell, a Charleston, S.C., attorney and later Commissioner of Deeds of South Carolina in New York City. These papers are principally professional correspondence received by Mitchell in New York, but also included are a significant number of personal letters. Topics of the letters include legal matters, the nullification crisis, daily life in Charleston, effects of the Panic of 1837, the city’s great fire of 1838, slaves in Charleston, news of family and friends, and developments in certain court cases.There are also a few financial and legal documents.

Repository: Southern Historical Collection

Collection Highlights: The collection contains both professional and personal correspondence that refers to such topics as slave sales and auctions, runaways, slave resistance, the Charleston Work House, and the hiring of slaves, primarily between 1837-1846 (Folders 3-13).