Resources at UNC Libraries
North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library
The North Carolina collection contains a vast collection of printed, visual, and artefactual objects focused on the history of North Carolina as well as UNC Chapel Hill. Resources relating to African Americans include newspapers (including copies of Black Ink published by the Black Student Movement at UNC), meeting minutes of the Baptist Association, yearbooks from black high schools, publications from historically black colleges and universities, and published works from enslaved poet George Moses Horton.
North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives, Wilson Library
The NCC Photographic Archives current holdings total an estimated 1.5 million images that include examples of all major formats from the daguerreotype of the 1840s to the contemporary. A number of these images depict African Americans across North Carolina. A few notable collections include:
- Billy Barnes Collection: Barnes was the Public Relations Director (and official photographer) of the North Carolina Fund, a state-chartered, non-profit corporation established by Governor Terry Sanford in late 1963 to seek new ways to address the problem of poverty in North Carolina. Photographs include depictions of life in the black community of Durham in the 1960s; Civil Rights; Youth Educational Services; Howard Lee’s campaign for mayor.
- Edward J. McCauley collection: McCauley was a reporter for the Burlington Times. Included are images of tobacco markets, African American draftees in the Korean War, and Jordan Sellars (an African American high school).
- Misc. Subject Images Collection: Includes images of African American politicians, agricultural laborers, and general images of African Americans.
- Hugh Morton Collection: Includes photos of laborerer; musicians; the Pender County Training School; sports; politics (including images of Shirley Chisolm and Coretta Scott King and the Democratic National Convention); the Ku Klux Klan. A number of these images are in the digital collection of Morton photographs. Click here to access the online images.
- Don Sturkey collection: Sturkey was the chief photographer for the Charlotte Observer for 34 years. Images include noted personalities such as Louis Armstrong, James Brown, and Rev. “Sweet Daddy” Grace; school desegregation and busing in Charlotte; Ku Klux Klan marches; NAACP events; John F. Kennedy; Johnson C. Smith students; NBA games in the 1980s
Rare Book Collection, Wilson Library
The Rare Book Collection contains a number of materials related to African American literature as well as other subject areas. Some collections of note include:
- The Travel Collection: Includes writing from African Americans travelers like Amanda smith.
- General Collections: The LC collections include slave narratives, publications of abolitionists and other benevolent societies, as well as civil rights and social justice publications extending to the 21st century.
- Southern Pamphlet Collection: Topics include anti-lynching, early reports of some historically black colleges and universities, inter-racial organizations, women’s groups, etc.
Stone Center Library
The library in the Stone Center for Black Culture & Historygathers works on the African American experience, Africa, and the African Diaspora, with a focus on the social sciences and humanities. The library has a small collection of print periodicals, and provides access to a wide array of electronic journals and databases. Click here for more information on subject and research guides available through the Stone Center library.
University Archives, Wilson Library
The University Archives documents African-American students and faculty through administrative records as well as the desegregation of both the Chapel Hill campus and the UNC system. Some relevant record groups include:
- Office of the Chancellor (1919-1988): includes documentation on campus desegregation.
- Office of the Chancellor. Assistants to the Chancellor: Bentley Renwick series (1977-1978): includes proposal for UNC-CH campus recruitment and retention of minority students.
- Graduate Studies and Research. Associate Dean/Special Assistant to the Dean of the Graduate School (1969-1981): includes correspondence and files pertaining to the recruitment of minority students.
- Student Affairs. Office of the Vice Chancellor for Student Affairs (1920-1990): includes information on student admissions.
- Office of the President: Frank Porter Graham files (1932- 1949): Graham was the first President of the Consolidated University of North Carolina; his files contain records relating to desegregation.
- Office of the President: William C. Friday files (1957- 1986): contains files pertaining to desegregation and the related lawsuit filed by the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Also includes files pertaining to the Black Faculty and Staff Caucus and the Black Student Union.
- Black Faculty and Staff Caucus Records: Contains files related to the founding of the Caucus in 1974 and correspondence, photographs, and other documentation related to the goals of the Caucus, which includes promoting affirmative action, recruitment and hiring of African Americans, racial justice and awareness, and equal opportunities for all minority members of the university community.
The exhibit Slavery and the making of the University also document the role enslaved and free African Americans had in building the University, using documents from University Archives and the Southern Historical Collection. Click here to see the online exhibit.