2 September 1864: “he now thought it too sad a War, to increase its terrors more than can possibly be avoided”

Item Description: Diary entry, dated 2 September 1864, written by William King. King was a plantation owner from Cobb County, Georgia. He remained alone on his plantation to protect his property and slaves from depredations by federal forces.

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Item Citation: From folder 4 in the William King Papers, #02985-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

2 Sept. 1864.

In going to town this morning, I met at the Picket Station some country women, some wanted to get Letters from the P.O. & anxious to see her father & family who were in town to leave for Ind’a. I promised to hunt him & deliver the message, after an hours hunt I ascertained that he had gone the preceding, I found no Letters for the others, they remained until I returned at 12 o’clock, when I made my report & they left. I made many visit in town, Mr. Goodman in rather better spirits, but still blue. Old Mr. Simpson in a very bad humor, he says he stays in his house all the time, that he has nothing to say to any of the people, & does not want to see one of them–the old gentleman is fretting away all his comfort. I hear some of our wounded prisoners are suffering much for want of Tobacco, unfortunately I had neither money nor tobacco to give them, but must try to make some arrangements to assist them. I went to see Mrs. Campbell & Mrs. Brown about the prisoners wants, they were giving me an account of their own tryals & annoyances–their servants had been enticed away from them, & they left alone together. [torn] to be very popular with the Federal officers & soldiers, many came [torn] know you she said & talk of you with the greatest respect, as [torn] world& all of you–D. Young seems much worsted by his [torn] to the place, taking a long route around by Warsaw ferry to get here.

Yesterday afternoon I had very pleasant visit from Capt. a Q.M. from St. Louis, a Fremont man & abolitionist, a man of much good sense, a German. At Mr. Goodman’s I met a Mr. Johnson, who stays with him, he is connected with the P. O. department, a man of much good feelings, he told me of a number of suffering families about, & his efforts to try to partial supply their pressing wants, Mr. G. said he had relieved a great many, & that he keeps actively engaged at it, going much around in the neighborhood.

A country woman told me today that a Wagon from Harralson Co. in returning Home, had stopped at Col. Lester’s House, & taken with them a load of furniture. Stealing & killing seems to be the great Business of the day. I went to McC. this afternoon & heard that several Wagon & men had this afternoon near town on the Roswell Road.

young men from town called to see me this afternoon & spent about an hour, one a sergent from Ohio about 20 yrs. I found a very intelligent & pleasant young man, he said when he came into the Army his feelings against the South was very bitter, & he thought he would willingly & cheerfully destroy any Rebel property, but after being among the people, and having intercourse with them, his feelings had undergone great change, and he now thought it too sad a War, to increase its terrors more than can possibly be avoided, & efforts aut to be made to bring it to a close. Mrs. Miller & Dr. made me a visit this afternoon & a very agreeable one, they staid some time with me, I promised to dine with her tomorrow, she wants to return Home in October & wants me to wait for her, I told her it was probable I would have to wait until then, but I do hope I may be able to get off before. I met Mrs. Hunt is town this morning, she told me that Mr. Hunt was still confined at home under guard, that he was ignorant of the cause of his arrest. I must get permission from Gen’l McArthur to go & see him, & if possible to try & get him relieved, he is one of the last men of whom I would suspect wrong doing.

 

 

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1 September 1864: “We have lots of fun along the lines.”

Item Description: Letter, 1 September 1864, from Alfred N. Proffit, private in Company D, 18th Regiment N.C. Troops to his sister and cousin.

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Item Citation: From folder 4 in the Proffit Family Papers, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Petersburg v.a.
September 1 1864

R.L. Proffit & S.R. Walsh

Esteemeed sister and cousin yours of the 22nd is at hand and it did not fail to interest me vary mutch to learn that you war all well. I am glad to hear from those fine revivals in Wilkes & also your fine crops – wheat, turnips, corn etc. I should love to be thare to help you eat some vegitables as they are so dear here. I can hardly buy them.

I will give you the prices of a few artickels: Appls from 2 to 5 dollars per dozen. Peaches and the same for onions $3 per quart. Water mellons from 3 to 10 dollars a peace. Butter $15 per labs. Small loves of bread $2 a cake. Milck $4 per quart and other things according. I am glad to hear of your good prospect for potatoes for I just paid one dollar for four little things. I give you some account of our fight on the 20th inst so I will no more about it.

We are now in our breast works two miles south west of Petersburg. Thare are no yankees in our front nearer than one mile and a half but the picket duty is hard as our brigade is vary small. We are drawing vary good rations. We all have as mutch bread and meat as we want. Old strong bacon but we got some beef today.

Sarah inform me in your next of Unkle Andrew and Ant Mary and all the family of the brig and what Regts do thay belong, the health of cousin Piley’s health etc. In form me how you like to live in Wilkes & what the prospect for Marages is. Write me soon and excuse me for my imposition by asking so many questions. I hope you will excuse me for not recollecting your name when you first wrote to me. Tell davy I should be proud to see her for I could tell her some rich jokes. We have lots of fun along the lines.

Sis and Sarah give my love and best wishes to all of my friends and consider your selves two of them. I am vary glad that you formed the resolution to give me a letter onse a week for I have looked in vain  many a long day. Dont break your intention. Sis I send Julyan Miller a [illegible]. Tell the rest I have run out but if I have the chance I would make them all one. Give her it as soon as you can if ti is two small tell her to give it to one of the rest and I will make her another. These lines leaves me in the best of health hopeing that may find you same.

 

Yours as ever,
A.N. Proffit

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31 August 1864: “My woman Angelina gave the little boy Wilson a most unmerciful thrashing.”

Item Description: Diary entry, dated 31 August 1864, written by John Houston Bills. Bills was a Tennessee planter who was active in the Democratic Party, the Freemasons, a temperance society, and was a friend of President James K. Polk.

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 Diary entry, dated 23 May 1864, written by Louis Leon, a Confederate soldier in the North Carolina Infantry. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/index.php/tag/diaries/#sthash.pfwUXJ13.dpuf
 Diary entry, dated 23 May 1864, written by Louis Leon, a Confederate soldier in the North Carolina Infantry. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/index.php/tag/diaries/#sthash.pfwUXJ13.dpuf

Item Citation: From the John Houston Bills Papers, #02245Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Letter dated 23 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.IUiO13qb.dpuf
Letter dated 23 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.IUiO13qb.dpuf
Letter dated 23 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.IUiO13qb.dpuf
Letter dated 23 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.IUiO13qb.dpuf
Letter dated 23 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.IUiO13qb.dpuf

Item Transcription:

Wednesday, 31.

Getting up wood for winter,

My woman Angelina gave the little boy Wilson a most unmerciful thrashing. I forbid her interference with him again. She became so boisterous & insulting I am forced to correct her for the first time,

Jack break his wagon tongue out I spent the evening putting it in.

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30 August 1864: “extra pay will be allowed certain men in General Hospitals…”

Item Description: A circular, dated 30 August 1864, from the War Department, Surgeon General’s Office regarding extra pay for certain men in General Hospitals.

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Item Citation: Circular no. 17. Richmond : Surgeon-General’s Office, 1864. 1004.5 Conf., Rare Book Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

CIRCULAR NO. 17.

WAR DEP’T., SURGEON GENERAL’S OFFICE.
RICHMOND, August 30th, 1864,

To Medical Directors of Hospitals:

Under the authority conveyed in Section 6, General Orders No. 66, A.& I. G. O., current series, extra pay will be allowed certain men in General Hospitals, as follows:

  • Hospital Stewards,. . . . . $1.00 per diem.
  • Ward Masters (detailed). . . . . 50 cts. per diem.

This allowance to detailed Ward Masters is inclusive of the 25 cents per diem, extra duty pay, allowed under previous regulations.

 

SURG. S. H. STOUT,
Med. Dir.
Macon, Ga.

S. P. MOORE,
Surgeon General C. S. A.

[OFFICIAL.]
S. H. STOUT,
Medical Director.

 

 

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23 August 1864:

Item description: Letter from William Martin. Martin’s letter of 23 August 1864 stated that he was entrenched near Petersburg, Va. He also related that Benjamin Brown had been wounded in the hand. The same letter comments on short rations and lists the high prices for food.

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Item citation: From the Hattie McIntosh Papers #4794, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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22 August 1864:

http://www.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/j/Jacocks,Jonathan.html

letter from Jacocks in the battle line around Atlanta

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20 August 1864:

http://www.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/j/Jacocks,Jonathan.html

letter from Jacocks in the battle line around Atlanta

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12 August 1864:

http://www2.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/b/Burwell,George_W.html

12 August 1864: an invitation to George to attend an “investigation of the conduct of the negroes of the neighborhood during the Yankee raid.”

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10 August 1864:

Logan, #1560, folder 31

letter asking that conscripts who are locked up in guard house be turned over to his command, for service in his battalion

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31 July 1864:

http://www.lib.unc.edu/mss/inv/o/Olmstead,Charles_H.html

letter regarding battle of Atlanta (Johnston’s and Hood’s retreat from Sherman)

Digital SHC:

http://dc.lib.unc.edu/cdm4/results.php?CISORESTMP=results.php&CISOVIEWTMP=item_viewer.php&CISOMODE=grid&CISOGRID=thumbnail,A,1;title,A,1;descri,A,0;creato,200,0;none,A,0;20;relatid,none,none,none,none&CISOBIB=title,A,1,N;descri,A,0,N;creato,200,0,N;none,A,0,N;none,A,0,N;20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOTHUMB=20%20%284×5%29;title,none,none,none,none&CISOTITLE=20;title,none,none,none,none&CISOHIERA=20;descri,title,none,none,none&CISOSUPPRESS=0&CISOTYPE=link&CISOOP1=exact&CISOFIELD1=contri&CISOBOX1=folder_5&CISOOP2=exact&CISOFIELD2=descri&CISOBOX2=01856&CISOOP3=exact&CISOFIELD3=CISOSEARCHALL&CISOBOX3=&CISOOP4=exact&CISOFIELD4=CISOSEARCHALL&CISOBOX4=&c=exact&CISOROOT=/ead&CISOSTART=1,21

 

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