Monthly Archives: June 2011

20 June 1861: “…A severe battle was fought by the Lincolnites (I will not call them Federalists) at a placed called Bethel Church…”

Item Description: Rev. Overton Bernard recalls his perspectives of the Battle of Bethel Church in southeastern Virginia and the Battle of Phillipi in Barbour County, Virginia (now West Virginia). [Item transcription and biographical information included below images.] Item Citation: From folder 2 of … Continue reading

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19 June 1861: “An Ordinance to Ratify the Constitution of the Confederate States of America”

Item description: An ordinance, passed by the North Carolina Secession Convention, to ratify the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. Item Transciption: [No. 11.] AN ORDINANCE TO RATIFY THE CONSTITUTION OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA. WHEREAS, On the … Continue reading

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18 June 1861: “Treason against the State of North Carolina shall consist only in levying war against her…”

Item description: An ordinance, passed by the North Carolina Secession Convention, defining treason and the necessary conditions for being convicted of the same. Item Transciption: [No. 7.] AN ORDINANCE DEFINING TREASON AGAINST THE STATE. Be it ordained by this Convention, … Continue reading

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17 June 1861: “…this Convention, appreciating the valor and good conduct of the officers and men in the 1st Regiment of North Carolina Volunteers…”

Item description: A resolution of appreciation passed by the North Carolina Secession Convention for the 1st Regiment NC Volunteers’ service at the Battle of Bethel. The resolution also authorizes the regiment to “inscribe the word ‘Bethel’ upon their regimental colors.” … Continue reading

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16 June 1861: “I suppose by this time that you know as much about the fight as we do.”

Item description: Letter, 16 June 1861, from Joseph Hubbard Saunders to his mother. The letter gives a detailed description of Saunders’ experience in the recent Battle of Bethel Church, shares news about other soldiers from Chapel Hill, and asks about … Continue reading

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15 June 1861: Selected advertisements from the Wilmington (N.C.) Daily Journal

Item description: Selected advertisements from the Wilmington (N.C.) Daily Journal from 15 June 1861. During this period, newspaper advertisements would often run for several weeks or months and would advertise a great range of items for sale, wanted ads, and … Continue reading

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14 June 1861:”Hitherto, we have retreated, but now we will advance, and not only drive the enemy from our shores, but carry it into his owncountry.”

Item description: In his diary, Jesse Bernard describes correspondence he received from his family in Virginia who experienced Union siege. He expresses his faith in Confederate forces to eject the the Union forces from southern soil. Item Citation: From folder … Continue reading

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13 June 1861: “Separate thyself, I pray thee, from me”

Item description: Sermon delivered by the Reverend Daniel I. Dreher in response to a call for a day of humiliation and prayer by the president of the Confederate States of America. Item transcription: SERMON. “And Abraham said unto Lot, let … Continue reading

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12 June 1861: “I took a long look at your picture while waiting in ambush for the enemy, & you have no idea how much I valued my life…”

Item description: Letter, 12 June 1861, from William Gaston Lewis to Martha Lucinda Pender (“Mittie” or “Mitt”) of Tarboro, N.C. Writing from Yorktown, Va. Item citation: From the W. G. Lewis Papers #2314-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of … Continue reading

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11 June 1861: “Battle at Bethel Church! Authentic Account. Successful Skirmish Between North Carolinians and the Enemy.”

Item description: Extra from the Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Va.), published on 11 June 1861, describing the Battle of Bethel Church.   Item citation: Daily Dispatch– extra. [Richmond, Va.: J.A. Cowardin?], 1861. From the Rare Book Collection, Wilson Library, University of … Continue reading

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