Monthly Archives: October 2011

21 October 1861: “there is not one man in 50 in this section who has money enough to pay his current expenses to say nothing of taxes.”

Item description: Letter, 21 October 1861, from James H. Nichols, Lowndes County, Alabama, to William Porcher Miles, Representative for the Charleston, S.C., district in the Confederate Congress at Montgomery, Ala. The letter details concerns among the “planter class” about the … Continue reading

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20 October 1861: “Those socks I need also more than any thing else.”

Item description: Letter, dated 26 August 1861, from William Ray Wells (12th New York Infantry Regiment, “Onondaga Regiment”) to his sister, Mary S. Hall, in Tully, N.Y. In his letter, Wells suggests a few things that his sister may send to … Continue reading

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19 October 1861: “I remain your faithful obedient an humble slave, Jerry Hooper”

Item description: Letter, 19 October 1861, from Jerry Hooper to John DeBerniere Hooper. Jerry Hooper was a slave who belonged to John DeBerniere Hooper (1811-1886), a professor at the University of North Carolina (1836-1848 and 1875-1885), and at a time … Continue reading

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18 October 1861: “we can see the Yankee ships all the time. the other day one came so close that I could see the Captain…”

Item description: Letter, 18 October 1861, from William Cain, 25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment (while stationed at Camp Davis in Wilmington, N.C.), to his mother. [Transcription available below images.] Item citation: From folder 12 of the John Lancaster Bailey Papers … Continue reading

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17 October 1861: “In the battle at the cross lanes wee kill and wounded and taken prisoners about two hundred and our lost was about four kill and seventeen wounded.”

Item description: Letter, 17 October 1861, from Confederate soldier William Soyars presumably to Chang and Eng Bunker regarding skirmishes at Cross Lanes and Gauley River in present day West Virginia. Soyars provides the names of several soldiers killed in the fighting. … Continue reading

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16 October 1861: “Thursday the weather was pleasant but the sea was rather rough making the ship roll quite heavily having a great many lands men on board there was a great deal of sea sickness”

Item description: First entry, 16 October 1861, of the log book for the U.S. Steamer Augusta, kept by Eugene Whittemore, a surgeon’s assistant on the ship. The log book includes a daily record of naval operations, activities of the ship’s … Continue reading

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15 October 1861: “they have been threatened with quite a formidable insurrection in Adams County, near Natchez, 40 miles from here. 27 have been hung.”

Item description: Letter, 15 October 1861, from Sophia Hughes Hunt, of Woodville, Mississippi, to her sister, Jennie Hughes, of Cedar Grove, South Carolina. The letter describes the efforts of relief societies to provide warm winter clothing for Confederate soldiers, mentions … Continue reading

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14 October 1861: “Enlisted in the 27th Regt Mass Vols Co I, made visits & got ready for camp”

Item description: Entry, dated 14 October 1861, from diary of Newton Wallace, Company I, 27th Massachusetts Volunteers. Wallace was born in Holland, Massachusetts, and was twenty years old at the time of his enlistment. [Editorial Note: Wallace and his regiment … Continue reading

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13 October 1861: “You seem to regard Sunday as little as we. Relief from drills, & the bore of an Inspection are the incidents which make the day with us.”

Item description: Letter, 13 October 1861, from Charles Woodward Hutson to his mother. Hutson comments on the health of his fellow soldiers, including a pair of “sickly brothers, who have been sick off & on ever since we left Charleston.” … Continue reading

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12 October 1861: “The regiments charged up the hill in gallant style and took possession of a stove pipe!!!”

Item description: Journal entry, 12 October 1861, of H. C. Williams (fl. 1845-1861) describing both Union and Confederate reconnaissance operations around Munson’s Hill, Fairfax County, Virginia. The entry records an incident involving Professor Thaddeus S. C. Lowe (1832-1913), Chief Aeronaut … Continue reading

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