Author Archives: dwaugh

28 August 1862: “Very soon after I left last January nearly all the students left and went to war; some were called out by the draft some were taken by the Conscription law and some went voluntarily, So nearly all left…”

Item description: In this letter of 28 August 1862, Preston H. Sessoms writes from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, N.C., to his sister Bettie. Sessoms tells his sister that only 50 students are enrolled, and board is expensive. … Continue reading

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8 August 1862: “Twenty-five dollars reward will be paid for her apprehension, and Twenty-five for the detection of any person harboring her.”

Item description: “Rewards,” selected newspaper advertisements published in the 8 August 1862 issue of the Wilmington (N.C.) Daily Journal. Item citation: Selected advertisements,The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 8 August 1862.  North Carolina Collection call number: C071 Z.  Wilson Library, University … Continue reading

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4 August 1862: “This morning early, I rode out to Genl. Lee’s Head Quarters and reported for duty.”

Item description: Letter, 4 August 1862, from Jeremy Francis Gilmer to his wife Louisa Fredericka Alexander Gilmer. More about Jeremy Francis Gilmer: Jeremy Francis Gilmer was born in Guilford County, N.C., on 23 February 1818. He entered the United States … Continue reading

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5 May 1862: “…to be evacuated by the Confederate troops!!”

Item Description: Rev. Overton Bernard states the rumors of a Confederate evacuation of Norfolk, Virginia, which would occur in less than a week from his diary entry. Image: Item Citation: From folder 2 of the Overton and Jesse Bernard Diaries #62-z,  Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, … Continue reading

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27 April 1862: “Fear of conscription threatens great injury here unless immediately allayed and I therefore urge prompt and earnest attention to the subject.”

Item Description: Letter of 27 April 1862 from David Swain to Charles Manly.  In this letter, President David Swain writes to Governor Manly concerning recent conscription legislation and the negative impact that the law will have on the University of … Continue reading

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6 April 1862: “I was glad she [the CSS Virginia] did not go down, hope that we may have hereafter sufficient respect for the Sabbath not to commence an attack on that day.”

Item description: Rev. Overton Bernard recounts his visits to sick soldiers. Out of respect for the Sabbath, Bernard supports the decision not to to use the CSS Virginia in battle. [Transcription available below image] Item citation: From folder 2 of the … Continue reading

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26 March 1862: “Florida is hard pressed by the enemy both Fernandina and Jacksonville have been taken by the Lincolnites.”

Item Description: Rev. Overton Bernard discusses his son’s, Jesse Bernard, raising of volunteer troops in Florida. He sheds light on political maneuvering involved in securing military ranks.  Bernard’s entry also illuminates the impact of the war on Florida cities. Image:    Item Citation: From … Continue reading

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2 March 1862: “Pleasant had a prayer meeting in our quarters.”

Item description: Short entry, 2 March 1862, from the diary of Henry K. White, soldier in the 23rd Massachusetts Infantry Regiment. Item citation: From folder 1 of the Henry K. White Diaries #5013-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North … Continue reading

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26 February 1862: “Very pleasant day traded my Rebel musket for A pistol.”

Item description: This entry is from the diary of Henry K. White, who mustered into the 23rd Massachusetts Volunteers on 21 September 1861, and played the fife in the regimental band. In February 1862, he shipped out with his unit for the … Continue reading

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25 February 1862: “Lord look in mercy upon us in these sad reverses, brought about by our own negligence…”

Item Description: In this diary entry, Rev. Overton Bernard points to the disparities in sheer numbers between Union and Confederate troops. Entreating God’s protection over the Confederacy, he implies the Confederate losses emerged as a result of sinful behavior. Overton Bernard kept his … Continue reading

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