Author Archives: hhthomas

21 April 1864: “…to complete the victory and capture the enemy now badly whipped and scattered.”

Item description: Letter, dated 21 April 1864, from Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke to Lieutenant Colonel J. F. Belton, Assistant Adjutant General under Brigadier General S. B. Maxey.  The letter gives and account of recent military engagements, including the Battle … Continue reading

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17 April 1864: “Tomorrow I shall have the opportunity of seeing a torpedo work.”

Item Description: Letter written 17 April 1864 by James “Jim” E. Gifford to his parents in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Gifford discusses blockade running, lack of any news on the ship, and the use of a torpedo to clear out a ship … Continue reading

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16 April 1864: “All the big guns in Fort are worked by negroes & belong to the 3rd U.S. Heavy Artillery. They have heard of the massacre at Fort Pillow & are terribly incensed at the rebels & will, no doubt, fight till death, for they know the consequences if taken alive.”

Item description: Letter, 16 April 1864, from Edward W. Allen to his parents.Edward W. Allen of Eau Claire, Wis., was a sergeant and then second lieutenant in Company H of the 16th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, during the Civil War. … Continue reading

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15 April 1864: “Before leaving town the Yankees burned the Court house, the railroad bridge over the Ouachita and one other small public office”

Item Description: Diary entry, 15 April 1864, by Sarah Lois Wadley, describing Union forces leaving Monroe and the liberation of slaves. Wadley was the daughter of William Morrill Wadley (1812?-1882) and Rebecca Barnard Everingham Wadley (fl. 1840-1884) and lived with her family in … Continue reading

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14 April 1864: “There are about 100 Rebel prisoners here, to day they are out under guard (negroes) at work on the Fort.”

Item Description: Letter, written 14 April 1864 from Columbus, Kentucky, Fort Halleck. Edward Allen reports to his parents of a failed attempt of confederates to take the fort and African American union troops guarding Confederate prisoners of war. [Item transcription … Continue reading

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9 April 1864: “My friends and every one intrusted in my election must work for me, & play “the agreeable”…

Item description: Letter, dated 9 April 1864, from Leonidas Polk to his wife, informing her that he has been nominated for election to the North Carolina state legislature. [transcription available below images] Item citation: From the Leonidas Polk Papers, #2965, Southern Historical … Continue reading

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5 April 1864: “Capt. McCloskey reports the “Falls City” ready for sinking this afternoon…”

Item description: Report, dated 5 April 1864, sent by General Richard Taylor to his superior General Edmund Kirby Smith. The report details Confederate troop strength at this point in the Red River Campaign. [Item transcription available below images.] Item citation: From folder … Continue reading

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4 April 1964: “I believe the pickle was appreciated the most.”

Item description: Letter, dated 4 April 1864, from Peter M. Grattan to Mary E, Grattan.  Peter writes from Orange Court House, Va. about picket duty and camp life in general.  He also thanks her for a box of provisions and asks … Continue reading

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3 April 1864: “I am glad Dixie is learning to sing and I wish it was summer, so he could hear other birds sing.”

Item Description: Letter, 3 April 1864, from James Gifford to his parents, describing the burning of Cape Lookout lighthouse, the rations on his ship, his duties, and how to “take snuff” like a Southern lady. Gifford, a United States Navy paymaster steward, … Continue reading

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1 April 1864: “…Mr. Wright (a gentleman of whose Union sentiments I am strictly confident) kindly offered his assistance to guide us from his residence at Blinkhorn Creek to the headquarters of Lieutenant Roy at Chuckatuck…”

Item description: “Additional report of Acting Rear-Admiral Lee, U. S. Navy, transmitting report [from 1 April 1864] regarding services rendered by Mr. Wright.” Item transcription: Confidential.] FLAGSHIP NORTH ATLANTIC BLOCKADING SQUADRON, Off Newport News, Va., April 2, 1864 SIR: I … Continue reading

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