Category Archives: Southern Historical Collection

23 April 1864: “…it was heartrending to listen to their piteous appeals for mercy and soliciting interference on their behalf.”

Item description: Letter, dated 23 April 1864, from Bryan Grimes to his wife, Charlotte Emily Bryan.  Grimes describes challenges with the Confederate mail system and the necessity of the death penalty for deserters. [transcription available below images] Item citation: From … Continue reading

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21 April 1864: “…to complete the victory and capture the enemy now badly whipped and scattered.”

Item description: Letter, dated 21 April 1864, from Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke to Lieutenant Colonel J. F. Belton, Assistant Adjutant General under Brigadier General S. B. Maxey.  The letter gives and account of recent military engagements, including the Battle … Continue reading

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19 April 1864: “Our position is considered by all to be a permanent one as they have sent all the white troops to Virginia & left us here to guard the place, so if the Rebels don’t attack us we will no doubt remain here undisturbed for a long time.”

Item Description:  Last part of a multi-day letter that started on 11 April 1864.  In this letter, dated 19 April 1864, Jonathan L. Whitaker writes to his wife, Julia A. Wells Whitaker, about making it to camp in Beaufort, S.C., … Continue reading

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18 April 1864: “We can buy peas and other things of that sort from the sutler and in that way make out very well.”

Item description: Letter, dated 18 April 1864, from James Augustus Graham to his mother.  He describes camp life around Orange Court House, Virginia, specifically the availability of food and the frequency of packages deliveries. [transcription available below images] Item citation: … Continue reading

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17 April 1864: “Tomorrow I shall have the opportunity of seeing a torpedo work.”

Item Description: Letter written 17 April 1864 by James “Jim” E. Gifford to his parents in New Bedford, Massachusetts. Gifford discusses blockade running, lack of any news on the ship, and the use of a torpedo to clear out a ship … Continue reading

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16 April 1864: “All the big guns in Fort are worked by negroes & belong to the 3rd U.S. Heavy Artillery. They have heard of the massacre at Fort Pillow & are terribly incensed at the rebels & will, no doubt, fight till death, for they know the consequences if taken alive.”

Item description: Letter, 16 April 1864, from Edward W. Allen to his parents.Edward W. Allen of Eau Claire, Wis., was a sergeant and then second lieutenant in Company H of the 16th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers, during the Civil War. … Continue reading

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15 April 1864: “Before leaving town the Yankees burned the Court house, the railroad bridge over the Ouachita and one other small public office”

Item Description: Diary entry, 15 April 1864, by Sarah Lois Wadley, describing Union forces leaving Monroe and the liberation of slaves. Wadley was the daughter of William Morrill Wadley (1812?-1882) and Rebecca Barnard Everingham Wadley (fl. 1840-1884) and lived with her family in … Continue reading

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14 April 1864: “There are about 100 Rebel prisoners here, to day they are out under guard (negroes) at work on the Fort.”

Item Description: Letter, written 14 April 1864 from Columbus, Kentucky, Fort Halleck. Edward Allen reports to his parents of a failed attempt of confederates to take the fort and African American union troops guarding Confederate prisoners of war. [Item transcription … Continue reading

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13 April 1864: “The most of the dwelling houses however are occupied by negroes, I suppose the slaves of their former masters who have run away.”

Item Description:  Continuation of a multi-day letter that started on 11 April 1864.  In this letter, dated 13 April 1864, Jonathan L. Whitaker writes to his wife, Julia A. Wells Whitaker, about traveling down to Hilton Head, S.C. and then … Continue reading

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12 April 1864:”About Sundown tonight we expect to pass in sight of the City of Charleston and Fort Sumpter, those two celebrated objects which have been familiar to us since the war broke out.”

Item Description:  Continuation of a multi-day letter that started on 11 April 1864.  In this letter, dated 12 April 1864, Jonathan L. Whitaker writes to his wife, Julia A. Wells Whitaker, while travelling down the coast of South Carolina.  As he … Continue reading

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