19 July 1864: “Very rough no drug suffered enormous”

Item description:  Diary entry dated 19 July 1864 of William Beavans, Company D, 43rd North Carolina, mortally wounded in a skirmish at Snicker’s Gap in the Shenandoah Valley on July 18, 1864. The diary breaks off in the middle of the entry for the 18th with the summons to battle – then resumes, in a scrawl, the following day. This is the final entry. Beavans died in Winchester on 31 July 1864, at the age of twenty-four.19July1864Item Citation:  Diary entry dated 19 July 1864, in the William Beavans Diary and Letters #3244-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

19
I went to Winchester as soon as my leg was amputated
Jack & George went with me
Very rough no drug suffered enormous
ladies very kind

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18 July 1864: “[...] I was glad to hear that you had recovered all your negroes except two. I hope it is two.”

Item description:  Letter dated 18 July 1864, from H.H. Burwell to his brother George W. Burwell.  This letter discusses planting corn crops, weather, and the recovery of enslaved negroes.  George W. Burwell was a physician, planter, and businessman of Mecklenburg County, Va.18640718_01 18640718_02Item citation:  Letter dated 18 July 1864, in the George W. Burwell Papers #4291, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Williamston N.C. July 18th 1864.

Dear Bro Geo
When Bro Bob left your house two weeks ago we expected by this time to have sent our waggons over with some provisions But as I was not done plowing my corn I went down yesterday to see Bob he thought it would make no difference with you to defer the trip one week in order that we might finish plowing our corn. I am running ten plows + hope to get through this week, Bob had a good rain last week which my land has not been wet for six weeks, my corn crop is impaired by the drought. I saw Armistead’s Boy Stephen yesterday was sorry to learn from him that he had sent you no horse. I asked Stephen if he was going to send you any provisions he did not know, I was glad to hear that you had recovered all your negroes except two. I hope it is two. I will try + come over when the waggon comes. My love to your family

Your Bro Very Truly etc.
H.H. Burwell

 

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17 July 1864:

Item description: Letter from Seraphina Brooks Flowers to Lt. G. C. Lockwood, 17 July 1864. Flowers writes Lockwood, a federal officer, to petition to see her son who was taken prisoner.

IMAGE

In DSHC – scans 62 and 63

http://dc.lib.unc.edu/u?/ead,151346
http://dc.lib.unc.edu/u?/ead,151384

 

Item citation: From folder 56 of the Craig, Ferris, and Flowers Family Papers #5323, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

[page 1]

The following letter, was addressed to a Federal

Officer, in Vicksburg, during the war between

the North and South.

Ceres, July 17th 1864

Lt. G. C. Lockwood,

Dear Sir

You will doubtless, be

very much surprised to receive a communication

from me; but the deep anxiety I am feeling at this

time, induces me to venture to address you with an

appeal, for the exercise of your influence in behalf

of my son, who is now a prisoner at Rock Island ___

captures on the 10th of June, by Gen. Sherman’s

forces near Rome, Georgia.

If you can, by your influence, in routing, or

otherwise, gain for him the extension of kind

 

[page 2]

and lenient treatment (as far as is consistent with

orders) from the Prison Officers, it will be esteemed

one of the greatest favors __ one that will give gladness

to my heart, which is surcharged with sadness

and gloom.

I fear you will consider me presuming

as I have appealed to you on former occasions;

and besides; I am fully aware that I have

no claims whatever, upon your kindness_

Still, however, I venture to apply, trusting that

the noble, kind, and generous nature, which I

believe you to possess, will induce you to excuse

in me any appearance of this kind.

My solicitude is very great as my son

is very young __of frail and delicate con__

stitution __ possessed of a most sensitive nature,

and very poorly prepared in mind and body

to encounter the hardships he may have to

encounter endure.

You know something of myself and relatives;

and we have through the kindness and consideration

which you have always manifested, become to

feel towards you as friends.

If you can, and will by penning a few words,

do that which may lighten the wearisome prison

hours of my son, it will call forth my lasting

gratitude, and kindest remembrances through life.

Yours Respectfully

S. Flowers

 

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15 July 1864: “You spoke in your last letter about trying to get a negro boy to be your servant and I think of trying to bring him up to Chicago with you. Now what would we do with him if we had him?”

Item description: Letter, dated 15 July 1864, from William Hunt to his brother Andrew Lucas Hunt.  Andrew Lucas Hunt (1843-1905) of Chicago, Ill., was an officer with the 134th Illinois Regiment, United States Army, during the Civil War. 18640714_0218640714_0318640714_04Item citation:  Letter dated 10 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225Southern Historical CollectionThe Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Friday 15th 12 o’clock.

You spoke in your last letter about trying to get a negro boy to be your servant and I think of trying to bring him up to Chicago with you. Now what would we do with him if we had him? Where would we have him sleep? If we could get over these difficulties, I would like it very much, only be sure he is smart, active and intelligent, smart & neat in his looks, and intelligent. If you can get one such as I describe you had better confer with mother about bringing him up here with you. I would like it very much.

A. Cooley & Bro have moved to their new place on Griswold St. and in addition to his pump factory he has a foundary and has been in the store looking at B.D. Hangers & Rollers & Track for a good pattern by which to make some. The flys are bothering me so much I can scarcely write.

When you come back, you will be supprised at the amount of buildings that have been put up since you have been away. A.R & G.H. Millar are to move into the new building on State St. just the other side of Fuller, Warren & Co.’s Store. I wish they had moved somewhere up Lake St. ’cause it doesn’t pay to have three retail hardware stores so near together. 

The “P.O. Alley” is “non est” (a latin word for played out) now. They have torn down or moved away all the old buildings which stood there, and have began to take away the dirt. I have not been able to learn what they are to build there.

John [] has the contract for the building of the “Chambers of Commerce,” I should say the carpenter work. He is to do it for $42,000xx. Father says he does not like to supply him with hardware for he is afraid he can not pay goods will be advancing so much, he has contracted too low.

We receive your letter just now 1 1/2 P.M. and I will answer what I can in answer to it. On looking it over I see nothing to answer but some things to write about and some questions to ask. Hamilton has taken your letter up to the house and I forgot what the date was, but it was the letter in which you spoke of a fight at Clinton between some New Jersey Soldiers & some Guerillas. How is it that you did not participate in it, or none of your men sent to help? I should think you would like to have a “brush” with them. I know I would. 

Be careful to have a sufficient guard with you when you go out foraging. Please tell me what you mean by going out of the lines, you do not go into Reble country for you are in country conquered form them!

Please tell me what you mean by “Police duty”. wether they men appointed to the situation or not &c, &c. Tell me also all about the “Court Martial”. what they did with the men &c, &c. You ought to take more of your “Bitters,” it would keep your stomache right.

If “Charlie Frank” is such a boy as I described, we wanted fetch him up here with you by all means, if you and Mother think best. I should think we could find some place for him to sleep. What is his age, size, &c., &c.? Tell me all about him, some of his sayings & doings.

I hope you will not be sent up here to guard the prisoners for then you will loose all chance to distinguish yourselves, and it is mean dirty life you would lead up there.

You spoke in your letter about your “Band”, and the instruments as having arrived. I didn’t know that when you went away you had a band with you, or at least the musicians? I didn’t see them. Are they to stay with you and play when you come home? I hope not for they cannot play as well as the Light Guard Band, and you ought to have the best when you return. Tell me all about them (the musicians).

Also tell me all about the “Fourth of July Dinner”. The toasts you drank lemonade to, &c. &c. What time you had it, where you had it and who presided over the ceremonies. How do you like the numbers 1.3.4 that were sent you? I bought the numbers at “Borvens” @ 5c ea., also the leaves [?]. I went to Larrabee’s & North first & they asked me 10c for them (the numbers).

You said that there was a door in the hillside which nobody “dost” open for fear it is an “infernal machine.” Why don’t they dig down from the top of the hill, or is this impossible & why?

Yesterday we received three letters from you. Father went to the P.O. after breakfast and got them and when he saw one, he did not look at the others, but went right home (as he always does, we are so glad to hear from you) and after hearing it read by mother, came down town, and then discovered he had two more. Hamilton and Clem have just come down so I will have to bid you “adieu” for the present, for I am hungry. 

(After Dinner)

I can’t think of anything more to say so I’ll go and see what the bulletin says.

Gold opened this morning 255 one o’clock 240 now 5 o’clock 240.

Rebels are retreating across the Potomac.

We are all well. Answer my letters soon answer all my questions in order, and ask some for me to answer.

Your affectionate Brother,
Will Jock

I was going to write you but I thought you would get this Sunday. We received the Reble money and paper on which were the names of the men found asleep. Tell me when you received the letter.

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14 July 1864: “Who would have thought then that he would never return.”

Item description:  Letter, dated 14 July 1864, from William Hunt to his brother Andrew Lucas Hunt. Andrew Lucas Hunt (1843-1905) of Chicago, Ill., was an officer with the 134th Illinois Regiment, United States Army, during the Civil War. 

18640714_01 18640714_02

Item citation:  Letter dated 10 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225Southern Historical CollectionThe Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Chicago July 14 /64 (Thursday)
5 1/2 o’clock. In the Cashiers Desk

Dear Brother Luke,

As there is very little doing in the store now (we were very busy this morning and afternoon). I thought I would write you a letter.

We were all very sorry to hear of Capt. Linn’s death. if I remember rightly he was the officer who had charge of the camp (Camp Fry) the night I came down with you, the first time you came down after you went up there, at least he looked at the “passes” of those who went out of the camp. Who would have thought then that he would never return.

We are having at present what might be called very pleasant weather neither too cold or too warm. In every one of your letters except the last you complain of the hot weather, something after this style. “7 1/2 o’clock A.M. Too hot to stir out of the tent.” Now if it is so hot at “seven” what must it be at “twelve”?

I have to stop writing now, for I have to “charge up the books” and then copy it into the “City Sales.” This is my business. I thought I would begin to write some more. The news here this afternoon is that it is “rumored” that Grant has occupied Petersburgh; Communication is open between Baltimore and Washington; and Trains (Cars) are running between the two last mentioned Cities; Gold has declined to 261/2, Gold was at one time 2.95. Father has some casks of Files lying down at the N.S.R.R. Depot “In Bond” which he does not pay for becaus gold is so high. Although he could have sold most of them by this time if he had paid for them. Mr. Thompson sold nearly $50xx worth yesterday while I was at dinner. The amount of files we are selling is astonishing. We are out of a good many sizes & styles.

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11 July 1864: “Do you perceive,” said Forrest, “that there is a contrast between my whiskers and the hair on my head?”

Item Description: “Too Good to be Lost,” The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 11 July 1864, page 2, column 2.

18640711

Transcription:

Too Good to be Lost.

It is said that when Gen. Forrest, last spring, was en route from Marion to this city, he was accosted in the cars by a loquacious lady, who took a seat by his side and addressed him in something like the following strain, ” I think,” said she, “that all the glory that covers our arms is due singly and alone to private soldiers ; they do the fighting—not the officers—and for my part I will give them all the praise. I have a beautiful home not far distant ; and, as I am blessed with plenty, I desire that whenever private soldiers pass by my residence they should call on me, so that I may feed and otherwise cheer them on their toilsome way. I don’t care whether an epauletted officer enters my house, &c., &c.”

“Do you perceive,” said Forrest, “that there is a contrast between my whiskers and the hair on my head?”

“Yes,” answered the lady, surveying the General, “I see that your head is inclined to be gray, while your whiskers are very black and glossy. Can you explain why this is so ?” asked the lady.

“Certainty, madam,” said Forrest, fixing his keen eyes upon her inquisitive face, “the explanation is easy : I work with my head a great deal, while I use my jaw as little as possible.”

The lady took the hint and said no more.

Item Citation: “Too Good to be Lost,” The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 11 July 1864, page 2, column 2. Call number C071 W74j, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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10 July 1864: “Dear Mother I think I can say that should it be my lot to meet the King of Terrors, I could do so without fear – ‘for thy rod and thy staff – they uphold me’[...]”

Item description:  Letter dated 10 July 1864 from Andrew Lucas Hunt to his mother, Sophia Hunt, with news of camp life and the death of fellow officer, Captain Lewis.  Andrew Lucas Hunt (1843-1905) of Chicago, Ill., was an officer with the 134th Illinois Regiment, United States Army, during the Civil War. 18640710_01 18640710_02Item citation:  Letter dated 10 July 1864, in the Andrew Lucas Hunt Papers, #3225, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Camp Hancock July 10 Sunday.

My dear Mother
I have written a long letter to you on today. I merely write this to let you know that Capt Lewis is dead. He died about 15 minutes ago. I was present at the time. He was totaly unconscious of all passing events. The surgeon had him moved from his tent to the Hospital tent this afternoon. He did not know how near death he was. – he was so much better last evening that they thought of sending him home this AM – they obtained a furlough for him – but he was taken with a chill last night just as the fever left him and it cost him his life. Poor Man!

What thoughts this occurrence has brought up? How near Death has been to us – two deaths in the same week!! – I was talking to Col. McChesney he said he had hoped to take the regiment back to Chicago without loosing a man – Dear Mother I think I can say that should it be my lot to meet the King of Terrors, I could do so without fear – “for thy rod and thy staff – they uphold me” – I feel very sorry for his Company – I could not help shed tears when his men came up, one by one and took a farewell glance at him just before his death. He is not married – May God comfort his brothers and sisters! – He has six brothers. – It has thrown a gloom over all the regiment.

With very much love to all –
from your affectionate son
Lucas

I received the evening Fathers letter of then notifying me that he had sent me the mosquito gauze – very very much obliged. I hardly care about doing anything tonight. Poor Capt. Linn – He came out to fight for his Country – but lost his life and never struck a blow. He most truly has lain down his life for his Country!! Whose turn may it be next! – I feel so sorry. “The Lord doeth all things well” – “Thy will O God be done.” I am going the Grand Rounds tonight with Col. Bigelow.

L.

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9 July 1864: “We regard it as not only dangerous, but certainly and positively injurious.”

Item Description: “Yankee Deserters” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 9 July 1864.

18640709

Transcription:

Yankee Deserters.

We learn that some forty-two deserters from GRANT’S army arrived here last night under guard from Petersburg.

We have a word to say about these people who come as deserters from the LINCOLN army, and are employed on any of our works, public or private, and we shall say it briefly :—To the best of our knowledge and belief, experience and observation, they would be more properly designate as Yankee emissaries, sowing the seeds of discontent and dissatisfaction among our own people, availing themselves of every opportunity to corrupt our negroes, and sooner or later contriving to get off again to the enemy with all the information they may have been able to glean.

The policy of employing them at our railroads or other works does not appear to us to be at all a doubtful one. We, at least, have no doubts at all upon the subject. We regard it as not only dangerous, but certainly and positively injurious. We have no hesitation in saying that the policy is a wrong one, and ought to be discontinued.

P. S. Since the above was written, we have been informed that the forty-two Lincolnites brought here to-day are not deserters, but prisoners captured on the line of the Petersburg and Weldon Road, and that they are about the hardest and most motley human crowd that can well be imagined. This, however, does not detract in any way from the truth of our remarks about the employment of deserters or allowing them to circulate at large in any of our communities. We repeat, they must be regarded and ought to be treated as emissaries, ultimately to become spies.

Item Citation: “Yankee Deserters” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 9 July 1864, page 2, column 2. Call number C071 W74j, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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8 July 1864: ” . . . its principles are treasonable and its oaths criminal.”

Item Description: excerpt from “The Situation” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.) 8 July 1864.

18640708

Transcription:

Since the publication of the revelations in regard to a secret treasonable order said to exist in this State—an order of northern origin, we have heard enough to convince us that it is not only said to exist, but that it does exist. We are bad at hunting up details or identifying persons, but apart from what we have seen in print, we have seen and heard enough to convince us that not only does such a thing exist, but that it has penetrated to this section of the State, and for ought we know has its members and initiators even in our midst. At any rate, it might be as well for the people and the public authorities to be on their guard. We do not care whose election this thing may incidentally be intended to subserve, its principles are treasonable and its oaths criminal. Any intelligent man who may have been so unfortunate as to have been drawn into it, need only to use his common sense and common honesty, and he will be convinced of the fact that it is not right, and that while in it, he is not in the right place.

Citation: excerpt from “The Situation” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.) 8 July 1864 page 2, column 1. Call number C071z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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7 July 1864: “The evidences of the existence of a secret organization of the most dangerous and unholy character . . .”

Item Description: “The Elections in this State” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 7 July 1864.

18640707

18640707_02

Transcription:

The Elections in this State.

On this day four weeks the people of North Carolina will be called upon to elect a Governor, Members of the Senate and House of Commons and Sheriffs.

Contrary to our wishes, and in spite of our earnest remonstrance, the State is the scene of a bitter personal and political contest, and her people are agitated by the passions incident to an excited canvass, at the same time that they are warring for existence itself, and struggling in the throes through which all must pass on their way to independence.

Out of evil perhaps good may come, and we can cheerfully welcome the good as some compensation for the evil, although we could never assent to the doctrine or practice of doing evil that good may come of it.—  However the present contest for Governor may terminate, to Mr. W. W. HOLDEN, as he already claims the honor of founding the “Conservative” party in North Carolina, must hereafter be accorded the credit of breaking up that proscriptive organization. It is ail in his line, for does he not vaunt the power to “kill” as well as to make “alive?”

We may deprecate Mr. HOLDEN’S present candidacy and we do deprecate it, but we do this from motives and for reasons far above party.  Had party considerations alone governed us, or those with whom we concur in opinion, we would have hailed with pleasure this split in the party by which we have been meet bitterly denounced and ruthlessly proscribed. We would have done all that we could do to induce Mr. Holden to come out. But we did nothing of the kind. We declined running a candidate of our own before the split arising out of Mr. Holden’s candidacy. We have declined since making any move calculated to take advantage of that split. We declared ourselves at the first willing for the sake of peace and harmony to waive opposition to Governor Vance. Our position was so proclaimed and has since been loyally adhered to. So far as we are concerned, it will be adhered to to the end, and our suffrages will be given in accordance with our professions. We cannot speak for others, but we think this is the prevailing sentiment and determination in this section. Hard as Mr. HOLDEN has worked and good service as he has done in breaking up the “Conservative” party, we cannot yet reward his faithlessness to all parties by casting for him a full vote for Governor, or even giving him that half-vote which consists in withholding our vote from his competitor. We think the “Confederate” voters of this section will come forward openly and fully for Governor VANCE. It will make but little difference at any rate, in a party point of view, since Mr. HOLDEN has been the means of sowing the seeds of speedy dissolution in the “Conservative” ranks, and we have only to bide our time.  From a patriotic and unpolitical point of view the difference is great and inconceivable.  The election of Mr. HOLDEN could hardly fail to be productive of results deeply to be regretted.

We have been speaking as persons outside the pale of the “Conservative” party—as Southern Rights men only, or, as we have been kindly denominated, “Destructives.”  Of course to the members of the “Conservative” party, as party-men, we would not presume to give advice.  They can now see for themselves, and they will soon see more plainly the result of Mr. HOLDEN’S movements.  It is for them to judge and act, not for us to advise.  If their organization is interfered with and their councils distracted, they have Mr. HOLDEN and not us to thank for it.  We have often before stated our grounds for withholding opposition to Governor VANCE, and have defined the character and extent of the support we are prepared to give him, which does not commit us to his political position, and still less compromise him to ours.  To the baselessness and absurdity of the attacks upon Governor Vance because those who before opposed his election, are willing now to forbear that opposition, we have Mr. HOLDEN’S own recorded testimony, in his own words, copied from the Standard of the 7th October, 1863.  Mr. Holden then said : “If his [GOV. VANCE's] enemies praise him, he cannot help it; and so long as his friends are satisfied with him, they should regard this praise as the moralist regards hypocrisy, as ‘the tribute which vice pays to virtue.” In the face of this, how can Mr. HOLDEN through the Standard, or his right hand organ and conch-blower of the Progress keep harping upon the fact that certain former opponents of Gov. VANCE now support him?

Unfortunately for Mr. Holden the proofs of his disaffection, not simply to the Confederate administration, but to the Confederate Government, are too strong to be met by a simple denial. Respectable members of the Legislature, of his own party, have certified, over their own signatures, that during the session of the Legislature last winter, he did make use of expressions that left and can leave no doubt of his feelings and position in this respect.  The evidences of the existence of a secret organization of a most dangerous and unholy character in this State, which we lay before our readers to-day, ought to give pause to all right-thinking and patriotic men.  We trust and believe that few have gone into it—very few, with any adequate idea of its real character, and we feel confident that its days are numbered, and that under the light of exposure its influence and power for evil will wither and shrink away.

We know nothing of this thing personally, although we heard talk of such a thing several weeks ago. We have no idea that Mr. HOLDEN is a member of it, but we cannot relieve our minds from the painful impression left by Mr. CHURCHILL’S letter, that it was in some way connected with or designed to promote his success.  It is certainly a little remarkable that the Standard of the 5th instant, now before us, has not a word to say about this treasonable association.  That paper did not use to be so mum when secret, oath-bound political associations were in question.  It did yeoman’s service against the Know Nothings. It may be worth while to mark its course towards the “H. O. A.”

Be not deceived by noisy appeals. Watch things calmly between to-day and this day four weeks, and cast your votes patriotically as freemen, unbiassed by party watchwords, or by the cant of self seeking demagogueism.

Item Citation: “The Elections in this State” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 7 July 1864, page 2, columns 1-2. Call number C071 W74j, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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