8 April 1864: “A different spirit seems to be pervading our troops from what I have ever seen and I feel that this is the last year of the war and hope that by this time next year we will be blessed with peace and will be an independent nation.”

Item Description: Letter, 8 April 1864, from James Augustus Graham to his mother. In it, Graham describes a fasting day in the camp, along with the spiritual climate, detailing the church service schedule along with the creation of a Soldiers Christian Association in the camp. Graham also says he hopes peace will come soon and worries that he might not make it through the summer’s campaign. Graham would survive the war to return home to Hillsborough, NC.

18640408001 18640408002Item Citation: Folder 3, James A. Graham Papers #00283, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Camp 27th NoCa Infy

Near Orange C.H. Va April 8th 1864

My dear Mother

As Lieut Strayhorn starts home to morrow morning and I can send a letter by him I will write to you tonight. Lieut Strayhorn as a 30 days sick furlough.

This is the day set apart by Congress for fasting and prayer and I don’t think I ever saw a day more strictly observed than this has been in our Brigade. All drills and duties of every sort have been suspended all day and Camp has been more quiet than I ever saw it before. Everybody seemed to be impressed with the solemnity of the occasion and you could hear none of the noise about Camp that you hear on every other day even on Sundays. The camp seemed almost deserted, for most of the men stayed in their tents and kept very quiet. I think there at least two thirds of our Reg’t fasted and I believe all of the Regts in our Brigade did equally as well.

We had preaching this morning and also tonight by Mr. Dodson Chaplain of the 4th Regt.

A different spirit seems to be pervading our troops from what I have ever seen and I feel that this is the last year of the war and hope that by this time next year we will be blessed with peace and will be an independent nation.

We have had preaching in the Chapel every night, for the past two or three weeks, when the weather would permit and the house is almost always full. We have prayer meeting also every day at half past 12 o ‘clock which is very well attended. We have but one chaplain present with our Brigade now, but he is assisted by Capt Landons of our Regt who is a Baptist preacher. 

We have organised a “Soldiers Christian Association” in our Brigade which now numbers over 100 members, though it was only started this week. Several persons who are not members of the church have joined our association, among them Capt Dickson of our Co. I hope that it may be the means of doing much good.

It will not be long before the campaign will open and active operations commence for the winds and sun will soon dry up the roads. I hope that I may escape as well in this campaign as I have done heretofore, but many a one will be lain low before the summer is over. I feel confident that our armies will be successful in this summer’s campaign and hope that it may convince the Yankees that it is useless continuing any longer.

I think our transportation will be down this summer and will therefore send my uniform coat and the pants home by the first opportunity for I don’t want any uniform coat for summer wear.

Walter Thompson has not arrived yet with his boxes, but I expect will be here tomorrow or Monday. 

I must close as it is about 11 o ‘clock. Good night. Love to all. Write soon to

Your affectionate son

James A. Graham

Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

7 April 1864: “It may be a belief entertained and justly founded, but I am persuaded expression would be severely criticised.”

Item Description: In this letter, dated 7 April 1864, William Brown at Richmond wrote to Robert Lewis Dabney regarding edits to the manuscript biography of Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson written by Dabney. Brown suggested that Dabney rewrite potentially controversial references to “uncultivated” Baptist and “itinerant” Methodist preachers Jackson would have heard and the comparison of crimes against the Confederacy to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.





Item Citation: From folder 61 in the Charles William Dabney Papers #1412, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Richmond Ap. 7. 1864

Dear Brother:

Your telegram, and also one from Prof Schule De. Vere, announcing the safety of your MS. in his hands, were recd in due time. Meanwhile I have had two visits to Col. Bayue. The gentleman who is to take charge of the “life of Gen Jackson” will not start for Wilmington before Sunday. The whole will be deposited in his hands, carefully fixed up for the voyage, and properly directed. Dr Hoge will send a letter.

I have taken the liberty of giving the MS. a hurried reading. I greatly wish you could  have given it a careful one after it was copied. I suppose your hurry prevented. I have written plainly in pencil in a few places, (on the blank page of the MS) some proper names where the Copyist failed to write them plainly, and where it would be almost impossible to avoid mistakes unless the proof reader should happen to be a Virginian.

I candidly think you have written the work very ably, and hope it may be very successful. I will take the liberty of calling your attention to two passages which I think ought to be changed.

p. 4, Speaking of Gen. Jacksons Early religious advantage, and of the kind of preachers he heard, you say they were the “most uncultivated members of the Baptist Communion, or of the itinerant fraternity of the Methodist” I would have it worded in such a way as to leave out Baptist & Methodist by name: for though it is true, yet offense will be taken.

p.262 “Reciting all these aggravations, the people of the Confederate State believe that no blacker natinial crime has challenged the lighting of heavens wrath, since the crucifixion of Jesus Christ” I would certainly alter that. It may be a belief entertained and justly founded, but I am persuaded expression would be severely criticised. There is an unwillingness to allow any other crime to brought either into Comparison with, or proximity to the crucifixion of our Savr. Seward did the former, by comparing his sufferings on account of the rebellion to those of our Savior in the garden. Your statement, though far removed from his, will still not escape something of the same objective. The English journals lashed him unsparingly.

I mark the pages, & make these quotations, so that if you judge it proper to make any alterations, you can do it, when you send your “preface.”

We are as well as usual, and write in love to all.

Yours affectionately

William Brown

P.S. It probably did not occur to you that Rev Mr Chalmers would not be willing to join you in the publication, on account of teh discussion on slavery. I suggested the difficulty to Dr Hoge: he says he is sure he wd not, and that he wd have told you so, if he had been aware of that subject being introduced. he suggests the mae of James Sutter, formerly of Sufolk.


Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

6 April 1864: “Since we entered the Tenn R. I can honestly say I never saw so handsome a river.”

Item Description: Letter dated 6 April 1864 written by Edward W. Allen to his parents, James and Emily Allen. Edward served in Company H of the 16th Regiment, Wisconsin Infantry Volunteers and in this letter was moving from Vicksburg, MS (where he was stationed in March 1864) to Huntsville, AL, and it would seem ultimately to Pulaski, TN, where he was stationed in May 1864. He compares the Tennessee River to the “Chip” which is probably the Chipewa River in Wisconsin. Edward also discusses the beauty of the journey, his captain falling ill, and writing too many letters for his “pecuniary benefit.”


[Item transcription available below image]


18640406001 18640406002 18640406003

Item Citation: Folder 1, Edward W. Allen Papers #03737-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


Item Transcription:

On board Str Mary E Forsyth

Bound up the Tenn April 6-64

Dear Parents

We are steaming pleasantly up the R in Company with 10 other strs and 3 gun boats. Since we entered the Tenn R. I can honestly say I never saw so handsome a river. The banks are rather high and slope to the edge of the water and covered with grass. It is very even narrowing gradually as we go up with here and there an island no shoals or sand bars like the Chip occasionally passing farm houses on the bank looking so contented and peaceful, reminding one of anything but grim relentless of which this part of the country has seen so much we are to land at Clifton a small place on the River 25 miles from Pittsburg Landing. Yesterday morning Capt N was taken sick, had a fever but this morning he is better and if nothing happens will be well in a few days Day before yesterday I wrote to Levi and Grandma yesterday I wrote to Ellen McGowan perhaps I write too much for my own pecuniary benefit but the days have been so long on the boat with so little to pass away time and I like to write too, but if you will keep me in stamps I will write. Send a few when you write for me an going when we may not be able to buy them, should we be so fortunate as to have anything to buy with At Cairo I laid in a stock of Stationary against a rainy day I said above that I wrote to Levi I did not it was a mistake come think it over. We have Landed at Clifton expect to march to Clifton Huntsville Ala in the morning.

Several of us have sent a box marked L. W. Pond West Eau Claire Wis

Care of J. S. Nelson

Reeds Landing


Take him to get it and and hold it for changes as the owner call for the things send a white blanket and a rest But Imust hurry and get the box off before the boat leaves.

Write to Huntsville 

Ala Your dutiful

Son Edward


Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off

4 April 1964: “I believe the pickle was appreciated the most.”

Item description: Letter, dated 4 April 1864, from Peter M. Grattan to Mary E, Grattan.  Peter writes from Orange Court House, Va. about picket duty and camp life in general.  He also thanks her for a box of provisions and asks about family news.

[transcription available below images]

18640404_01 18640404_02 18640404_03 18640404_04

Item citation: From Mary E. Grattan Papers #2975-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

United States Military Telegraph

By Telegraph from Orange C. H.

Dated April 4th 1864

To Dear Mary,

I would have written to you sooner but for being on picket four days last week had a very bad time only one clear day all the time rain & snow the balance of the time with very short rations returned yesterday & to my great joy found a box to pitch into. The puffs went up first because on top of the box these we eat while i read your & Lou’s letters the other boys seem-ed too bashful to get deeper in the box. after reading your letter I found the bottom of the box pretty soon. every thing was thought the belt &  although we eat at least an hour it has not been decided yet which of all the things were the best. I believe the pickle was appreciated the most. I have reserved my thanks to you all until now that they may be the more appreciated after the attack we made.  Tell Johnny that I saved his apples until this morning as a kind of afterclap to my breakfast. they were very nice.  Tell him I am very glad he thought of me as well as obliged for the apples. Tell him he must make haste & write to me and tell me how many [lambs?] he has & how they are doing. How is the plowing getting along? Have they made ready the oats land? it has been such bad weather that I expect they are getting along very poorly. I wrote to Charles this morning inviting him to dine with me to day or tomorrow.  Sent it down by John Gibbons (your devoted took it down for me). It has commenced raining again.  I am glad we are off picket this time all the boys are making rails for the fence they burnt.  [6 ? ferrys?] did not burn any so we do not have to make them Speaking of rails reminds me of Miss Lucy Stout, do you know any thing of her engagement one of company ‘I’ told me she was to be mar-ried to one of the Geor-gians. We have a visator named Hines a very old gen-tleman who keeps up such a chat that I can scarcely write. Tell Miss Molly I am very much obliged to her for the packing of the box I have not seen Jack since I got your letter. If he knew I was writing he would send his love for he always quarrels with me for not doing so when I take me letters up.  Jack has just come & sends his love to all the family, I could hardly make head or tail out of your part of the letter. Tell Lou her turn comes next. I will write to George tomorrow.  Give my love to Ma, Miss Mollie, Nellie, Lou, Johnny, and yourself

Yours etc. P. M. Grattan

Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Tagged , , , , | Comments Off

3 April 1864: “I am glad Dixie is learning to sing and I wish it was summer, so he could hear other birds sing.”

Item Description: Letter, 3 April 1864, from James Gifford to his parents, describing the burning of Cape Lookout lighthouse, the rations on his ship, his duties, and how to “take snuff” like a Southern lady. Gifford, a United States Navy paymaster steward, served on the United States Bark Release during the Civil War. Gifford’s parents lived in New Bedford, Mass.

[Item transcription available below images]

18640403_001 18640403_002

Item Citation: From folder 2 of the James Gifford Papers #4493-zSouthern Historical CollectionWilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

US Ship Release
Off Beaufort N.C.
April 3rd 1864

Dear Parents

I write you these few lines to let you know how I am getting along my health is good I was much pleased at receiving a letter from you to day bearing date of 29th ult. I see by it you have not received the news of its arrival. The best way to work it is to not send it in such a hurry again. On the box it said “through direct” and I find where they put them streight through it takes them long again to get here. We remain in same old position we did when we came out here. Every thing seems quiet around here. There is little trouble around here to day. Some mean rebel burnt Cape Lookout light house last night. The weather has been quite windy for some time back to night it rains some. Our living this month has come quite high for the Doctor the dam’d fool has stuck himself in decatur of the Mess and he has gone in quite strong for high living We have pigs feet, beef tongue, &c We have nice butter for 30 cents per pound and nice white sugar for 16 cents per pound and the doctor goes ashore and buys butter at 45 per lb and sugar at 25 per lb. I would go out of the mess if it was not for one thing the Masters mate has asked me to go into a mess by oursilves but I would rather pay a dollar a day than mess with him. It cost about 20 dollars for my living last month. You asked me what my business is aboard the ship. Week days I do what writing there is to do and when the rations are served out I have some one under me called (Jack of the dust) to do all the serving out while I stand with a pencil & book and set down what they have. Sundays at muster I have to call over the names of the men and read any notice that the Captain may give me All together it is work I like. I have not got up to Newbern yet for we are having a spell of bad weather lately and when we have some good weather again I shall go up. I have found a new way for mother to take snuff When I come home I will bring her a gum stick and show her the southern style of taking snuff. I guess father knows how it is done Will you please let me know whether Josiah is to work on to Nantucket or not Tell Tom Allen to write if he is not to busy. I am glad Dixie is learning to sing and I wish it was summer, so he could hear other birds sing. I cant think of any more to write at present and I will close


Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off

2 April 1864: “I cannot help but hope that this will be the last year of the war, they cant carry on the war successfully & a presidential election.”

Item description: This letter, dated 2 April 1864, was written by Confederate private J.T. Kern while he was stationed in Dalton, Georgia. Kern’s mother had written him about the trials of living under Union occupation in Mississippi and his anger was clear. Writes Kern, “God surely will not suffer such inhuman monsters to torture us much longer, but will dash them to pieces in his wrath.”

[transcription available below images]

18640402_01 18640402_02

Item citation: From the Joseph Mason Kern Papers, #2526-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription: 

Camp 45th Miss. Regt. Dalton Ga.

Saturday April 2nd 1864.

Dear Mother, Yours of the 29th Feb. to Sis. Bee was received a few days ago, I am always glad to read one of your letters yet it always makes me sad, it brings your lonely & desolate con- dition so plainly to mind with all you have suffered since this cruel war commenced. Let us hope that this cruel strife will soon end in our independence and that we shall soon see each other again. It is so hard for me to think of your having to work so hard & having to submit to so much from the hated enemy. your every letter intensifies my hatred for them & I can well Genl Cleburne & say “I am fighting for our ven- gence”, we have good cause to fight for it, every paper we read tells some horrible tale of their inhuman treatment of our defenseless women & children; God surely will not suffer such inhuman monsters to torture us much longer, but will dash them to pieces in his wrath, I cannot help but hope that this will be the last year of the war, they cant carry on the war successfully & a presidential election. If all our armies are in the same spirits that our that animate this one we shall whip them badly at every encounter & soon make them glad to give up their wicked undertaking; this army is today in better health & spirits, and better clothed than ever before, I wish you could see the Grey Jackets out on the drill field in sham fight as I saw them a few days ago & hear their shouts, it would make your heart rejoice & you would say at once “such men are invincible”, & then if you could come with me to camp & see how uncomplainingly they eat their corn cake & hominy you couldn’t doubt the issue of this fearful struggle. I’m trying to get & exchange to Genl Lee’s, I tried for a transfer first. that was disapproved, now I have found a man in the 1st. Maryland to swap with me & I expect to be in Va by the 1st of May, I expect by the change to get to see my family oftener than I could hope to if I remained here & I may get to Old Rommy & see your dear face again. I am in hopes Josey has been exchanged, poor fellow he had had a hard time of it. Jimmie is well he heard from Mother & the children a few days ago, they were well; he is still Chief of Subsistence of our Div’n. & is con- sidered one of the best Commissaries in our army. I get two letters weekly from my Sallie & write two to her, so you see we keep up a pretty regular correspon- dence, I wish you could see our Ida, from her mothers accounts she is a paragon of beauty & vivacity. I would write you by flag of truce but I cant write anything worth sending in that way. Be of good cheer dear mother, peace will soon be ours. Remember me to all the friends. With love to all, God bless & protect your son! I am,

Your soldier son,

J.T. Kern Co. “K” 45th Miss Regt, Lowry’s Brig., Cleburne’s Div’n., Hardee’s Corps, Army of Tennessee.

Tell Miss Kitty not to let the Yanks scare her & whatever she does not to fall in love with any of the birds, I’ve got a grey Jacket picked out for her.

Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Comments Off

1 April 1864: “…Mr. Wright (a gentleman of whose Union sentiments I am strictly confident) kindly offered his assistance to guide us from his residence at Blinkhorn Creek to the headquarters of Lieutenant Roy at Chuckatuck…”

Item description: “Additional report of Acting Rear-Admiral Lee, U. S. Navy, transmitting report [from 1 April 1864] regarding services rendered by Mr. Wright.”


Item transcription:

Off Newport News, Va., April 2, 1864

SIR: I transmit enclosed a report from Acting Master J. M. Williams, commanding U. S. S. Commodore Barney, in regard to the services rendered him on the recent expedition to Chuckatuck by Mr. Wright, a citizen of that vicinity, and request that the report be placed on the Department’s “confidential” file, as the man might be involved in difficulty by his name being made known.
I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, yours,
Acting Rear-Admiral, Comdg. North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C.


Nansemond River, Virginia, April 1, 1864.

SIR: In regard to the expedition (under my charge) of March 29, I would respectfully inform you that Mr. Wright (a gentleman of whose Union sentiments I am strictly confident) kindly offered his assistance to guide us from his residence at Blinkhorn Creek to the headquarters of Lieutenant Roy at Chuckatuck; and through his timely aid in so doing may be attributed the result of our victory being so easy, as I consider that, had we been one hour later, although our victory would have been complete, there would have been loss of life, as it would have been daylight, and they (I believe) on being aware of our coming would have made a determined resistance.

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Acting Master, Commanding.

Acting Rear-Admiral S. P. Lee,
Commanding North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Item citation: Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Series I, Volume 9. Washington : G.P.O., 1899. C970.75 U58no Ser. I, Vol. 9. North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

To read more from the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, click here.

Posted in North Carolina Collection | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Comments Off

31 March 1864: “…to frighten them he pointed the gun at them…”

Item description: Entry, dated 31 March 1864, from the diary of Samuel A. Agnew.  Agnew describes the accidental death of Franky, the son of two of his Aunt Rilla’s slaves, due to a gun misfiring.

[transcription available below images]

18640331_01 18640331_02 18640331_03

Item citation: From the Samuel A. Agnew Diary, #923, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription: 

Accidental killing of a little negroe

Uncle Jo passed soon after breakfast and I gave him my letter to N E M to have mailed as soon as he can. The forenoon was very pretty and clear, this evening has clouded, and it commenced raining steadily between 4 and 5 o’clock and since then has been raining continuously, and tonight is a very wet night. Even while I am writing I hear the rain drops falling on the housetops and the water gurgling through the tin gutters, a fine night for sleeping.

Cleared off my table in order to find the manuscript of my critical notes. Find them and finished today the 6th Chapt. of Romans. This evening rode over to Simmons to hear from his Aberdeen trip. He has a receipt for the whole amount and will have to go back after the certificates on the 15 or 20th April. Pa sent by him for some Morphine, but he could find none for sale.

A melancholy occurrence took place at Aunt Rilla’s today between 11 and 12 o’clock. Melly shot a little negro child (Franky) of Abe and Adaline, and the child died in a half hour after. It was accidental. Aunt Rilla sent melly out with a gun (Mullinix’s) to shoot a hawk. The little negroes were in great glee running after him. He wanted them to go back, and to frighten them he pointed the gun at them, when contrary to his expectation it went off, killing Franky. Melly thinks the gun was only half-cocked. The little negro was shot in the head, 5 bullets entering, 2 in the forehead, 1 at the outer corner (below) of the left eye, and 2 near the nostrils. It is indeed a sad occurrence. Poor Melly no doubt bitterly regrets the circumstance. What an admonition in reference to the uncertainty of life. “In the midst of life we are in death.” Truly as David says there is but a step between me and death.

We have no news today, of the war, or Railroad. Mrs. Brice is fixing to be off for Memphis with some cotton. Aunt Rilla sends a bale with Mrs. Bishop. Claunch passed with a bale for Mrs. Mahon today. We have not heard anything from Reeves who took 2 bales for Pa on the 11th inst. Franky who was killed today was 4 or 5 years old. Aunt R. sent for Pa and he went over there soon after it happened.

Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Comments Off

30 March 1864: “The weather continues cold, uncomfortable and equinoctial.”

Item: “News” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 30 March 1864, page 2, column 1.  This editorial column discusses the lack of news, the “temporary lull in the storm of war,” the editors’ opinion on the political relationship between Ulysses S. Grant and Abraham Lincoln light of the upcoming election, clarifications by C.S.A. Secretary of the Treasury Christopher G. Memminger concerning the funding of treasury notes on April 1st, and a severe winter storm that struck central North Carolina the previous week.

THe Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.) 30 March 1864, page 2, column 1.







We are not so frequently asked for news nowadays as we formerly were, for the reason, perhaps, that our paper now gets out quite as soon as we do, sometimes sooner.

In truth, however, there is less exciting news now than at almost any former time for months past. There is a temporary lull in the storm of war, but the calm which it produces will soon be broken up.

Grant is busy, arranging for the opening campaign.  He knows that much is expected of him, and that Lincoln, dreading his popularity as a candidate for the Presidency, has placed him (Grant) in such a position as to enable him (Lincoln) to throw all the blame of any failure upon him.  It is then reasonable to suppose that Grant will not remain long idle, or permit any advantage to escape him.  He is now at the crisis of his fate and will do all he can to turn that crisis to his own advantage.

The mails received yesterday bring little news. We try to glean what we can for this article.

First, then, in reference to a matter which engages public attention at this time, we think the following announcement from Mr. Memminger, published in the Richmond papers may be a matter of some considerable interest.  It will be seen that it gives one more day for funding, and also states when and how the issue of new currency will commence.  We confess that we, like most others, supposed that old currency could be funded in four per cent-bonds up to but not on the first of April.  From the following announcement it will be seen that they can be funded on the first of April in the same manner as on preceding days:”—

Treasury Department, C. S. A.

Richmond, March 19. 1864.

The following instruction is issued for the guidance of all officers of the Treasury Department.

Treasury notes may be received and funded in four per cent. certificates on the first of April in the same manner as on preceding days.  The new notes to be issued as currency will bear the date of the act authorizing them, namely, 17th February, 1864 and the issue will be commenced on 2nd April, 1864, in making payment of demands upon the Treasury on and after that date.

C. G. Memminger,

Secretary of Treasury.

The Augusta Chronicle and Sentinel publishes the following despatch:

Richmond. March 24.–Four per cent. certificates and bonds are transferable in the same manner as all other registered stock. See the remarks in the Richmond Sentinel, of the 23d inst.


Secretary of the Treasury.

All our exchanges from the interior of the State speak of the snow storm of last week as very severe. The Greensboro’ Patriot says it was terrific in the extreme for about fifteen long hours, the snow in that time having fallen to the depth of about seven inches.  The Hillsboro’ Recorder says that on Tuesday week it snowed all day, and at night the thermometer fell to 28 degrees.  The weather here continues cold, uncomfortable and equinoctial.  Night before last it rained, and yesterday the wind howled around in a most melancholy manner, and at intervals the rain fell in torrents.


Citation:  “News.”  The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 30 March 1864, page 2, column 1.  North Carolina Collection, Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; call number C071 Z.

Posted in North Carolina Collection | Tagged , , , , , , | Comments Off

29 March 1864: “It distresses me to have you go into the army as a private. I think it is throwing so much away.”

Item Description: Letter dated 29 March 1864 from Mary Pettigrew to her brother, William Pettigrew. In it, Mary begs William to serve a position at a hospital in Raleigh rather than join the army. She also briefly discusses news from home towards the end of her letter.

[Item transcription available below image]

18640329_001 18640329_002 18640329_003 18640329_004

Item Citation: Folder 13, Pettigrew Family Papers #oo592, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.


Item Transcription:

My dear Brother,

As the time draws near when you are to go into the ranks, I do feel so anxious about you. I know you can be detached and I do think it will be much better you should. I would write to Dr. Hines and he could and would apply for you. I came near doing it without consulting you and there I thought it might not suit your fancy. So I ask your permission, my dear Brother, to do it, write immediately and tell me yes and then I will write to Dr. Hines and do all that is necessary. I do not think you would like the position in this hospital that Dr. Brame had for you. how I think you would hold the same position as Dr. Haywood’s hospital in Raleigh. I would not want you to be in this Virginia hospital, although Dr. Brame would be very kind and polite to you. Still you had better serve in your own state (I do not find any thing disagreeable) It’s only a feeling my part. The steward has charge of all the money matters of the establishment and does all the purse chasing. He has all the [?] part of the establishment. Now I wish you would tell me that you would be willing to undertake that position with Dr. Haywood. I think it would be much better than being a private. And you will be leaving your country home already. And as to its being disagreeable in Raleigh you would of course take board somewhere near your duties and your housing would be such that you would not find time to be mingled with any thing [?] I think the position not in the least [derogatory?] to your position and char-acter. I can manage the whole thing and you do it from my per-suasion.  Indeed I desire it very much. You must of course take the salary and then you can have it or give it away as you please. Mrs. Rowland gave hers in charity. Please, dear Brother William, let me apply for you. It distresses me to have you go into the army as a private. I think it is throwing so much away.

Annie writes me that Brother Charles thinks the applications really benefits his fare. I am thankful for that. Ben Allston is married to a Miss [Rohium?] of Texas, Annie writes very sadly.

Mr Patterson has gone to his regiment, he did not stop in Richmond. I wrote you that I made every exertion but ineffectually to find your keys. “The Confederate” armies regularly It is a campaigning [?] I had rather pave “the Observer” I make this remark because if you feel disposed to renew the subscription when it’s out, I had rather take the latter. Gov. Vance seems to be doing a good part in making speeches. I think there never was a more laudable effort to secure one’s election. Did Mr. Hale publish  Mrs. Jenning’s communication? And did he make any remarks?

Good bye, my dear Brother, my hand is so tired I can scarcely write. Miss Rouhend sends her kind regards to you. Give my love to Mr. McKay.

Ever your affectionate and loving



Posted in Southern Historical Collection | Tagged | Comments Off