15 October 1864: “it is in the latest style which I do not admire”

Item Description: Letter dated 15 October 1864 written by Anna Cochran to her cousin. She mainly writes about clothing.


Item Citation: Folder 36, John S. Henderson Papers, #00327, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Manchester Oct 15 1864

My dear Cousin

I have at last succeeded in getting your things prepared for you. I had your dress made by one of the most fashionable dress makers in Richmond, and hope it will suit you it has been very much a admired by every one that has seen it; your bonnet I had made by my milliner it is in the latest style which I do not admire it is too close on the sides I have got you dresses from dyes. I think they are alone very nicely, your gloves & ribbons are in Richmond not sold yet- it is almost too early in the season for people to begin to buy their winter trimmings yet but I think they will sell very well if you want any silk, gloves, or any other little things let me know and I can send them to you by letter or father will be going ? again in about a month and can take them to you. The weather is dreadfully cold. I am sitting by a large fire now I suppose we feel the change more as it was so sudden I forgot to say your shawl was not finished yet.- I am learning the art of making gloves and have cut out some for myself & Mother. I am going to take the liberty of asking a favor of you Mother has plaited me a hat and feathers are very much worn this fall I am very much in want of some and if you have any old ones and will give them to me I will be a thousand times obliged almost any color will answer and will make you a pair of gloves and send you in return. I almost forgot to tell you that it only look eight yards to make your dress and half a yard for the bonnet so send you back the yard and half over also some pieces of crape which will no doubt be useful for collars. Do you have any more orders for me to fill send me word and it will afford me the greatest pleasure to attend to them for you. I can now get very nice black silk 24 inches wide for $50 a yard you get more news through the papers than I can tell you as I will bring this badly written letter to a close.

your affectionate cousin

A.G. Cochran

P.S. I enclose a list of articles and ? I did not think it necessary to take bills of every thing. I can get white thread for you for $35 a dozen it is very good for I have used a great deal of it black thread is much higher place ? ? and coats five dollars a spool. my love to the children Mother and ? send love to all


Anna [Cochran]

I send a sleeve pattern I shrink it very ? it is intended to be trimmed up the back seams and the seam on top the arms if a calico dress a ruffle is used but for any kind of ? quilling is more used than any thing else I send one half the sleeve this other half is exactly like it- if I can find find any more pretty patterns I will send them to you.

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14 October 1864: “He will never be fit for service again, he is so wrecked.”

Item Description: A letter from Seraphina Brooks Flowers to Miss Bell regarding her trip to visit her sick son in prison. He was imprisoned in Rock Island, Illinois. She also discusses other family news, and her plans to travel back south.

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Item Citation: From Folder 1, in the Edmiston, Kelley and Flowers Family Papers #5230, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Rock Island, Illinois
October 14, 1864

Dear Miss Bell,

Your letter was received last night. I was glad, very glad to hear from home, and then I was greatly pained at the news. So much sickness, and Oliver’s arrest. Oh! it makes me sick at heart. Still, I will trust in God that all are better, and that Oliver is at home again. It does indeed seem that “My cup is full.”

Before I write more, I wish to return my sincere thanks to yourself & Dr. Fox. I am under the greatest obligations to you both. Thank the Dr. for me when you see him, & tell him please do all he can for you all, while I am gone.

I hope you are not suffering yet for food. If you get out, you will have to beg ’till I get back.

I have written a number of times to Oliver. I have just written to Lt. Lockwood, and requested him to send the letters out, if they have never been sent.

Uriah has been placed upon the list of sick and wounded, who are to be sent South for exchange in two or three days. I expect to leave at the same time, and shall accompany him if allowed to do so. May go with him to the point of exchange which is thought will be Savannah, Ga. to try to obtain a furlough for him & then his final discharge, as he never will be fit for service again, he is so wrecked. I am told that his lungs are diseased, and scrofula has made its appearance upon him.

I can have no idea, of what time I shall reach him. Give my love to your Mother, and tell her to do the best she can.

I am glad to hear Emily has returned.

Goldsborough came to see me at the first of the week he said he was going south soon. Flora had declined going for the present. Tell Mrs. Kelley, they are doing well. G. has improved in health very much.

Tell good old Martha, God bless her, I will reward her all I can. tell Ben, not to let you suffer wood, and tell Bill the same. Tell Lucy I have got a heart full for her, with Liucolar’s [sic.] likeness upon it. I know she will value it. Give my love to all the children, and just kiss dear little Gray for his mother. I guess Eddie would not let you kiss him. Tell him I am sorry he is a naughty boy. Well good bye your friend,

L. Flowers

Tell Eddie he must not eat the Chinkapins [sic.], to be a good boy, and I will try to bring him and Gray a pair of boots.



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13 October 1864: “I gave him a short piece of my mind.”

Item Description: A letter from W.F. Beasley to a member of the Pettigrew family. He describes the difficulty he has had in receiving letters, and the possible movement of his battalion. He expresses his dislike for his current location.

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Item Citation: From Folder 270, in the Pettigrew Family Papers #592, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription

Camp Anderson’s Pan. S.C. Rest.
Near Weldon S.C. Oct. 13th 1864

My Dear Friend,

Your short letter of the 8th just reached me on the 10th and in compliance with the request therein contained I mounted my horse and rode for the P.O. in Weldon to search again for you letter. I found the P.M. shortly after my arrival and gave him a short piece of my mind, (I couldn’t share much) after which he went to work in search of the letters and soon found them. They were among a number of letters that had been received for the Sr. Res. but never delivered, I sent them to you on the 11th and would have written you on that day but my business prevented my doing so, I think you have formed a very correct opinion of W. Daniel the P.M. I hope you were able to read my last letter. I really feel ashamed of myself for sending you such a miserable servant, but I was so busy that day that it could not have been easily prevented. We had a meeting of our Battalion the other day and unanimously tendered our services to the Sec. of War to go to Petersburg during the present emergencies. I am under the impression he will accept the tender, and I hope so from the bottom of my heart for we can accomplish a great deal more at Petersburg than at this miserable hole. I was very sorry indeed to hear that you were sick, and sincerely hope when this letter reaches you it will find you well again. You must give my best over ?? and my respect to Mr. C. and others friends. To news – action at this time if there is it has been borne by the wind to some other parish leaving Weldon behind in disgust. I will always be pleased to hear from you My Friend, and would be glad for to advise me how to act in your letters. It is getting late and I must close as the sun will go out and have me in the dark. With my best wishes.

I am Your Friend,

W. F. Beasley

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12 October 1864: “We are drawing light rashions here.”

Item Description: A letter written by Christopher Wren Bunker to his family from prison. It describes some of the conditions at prison, as well as some illness he has suffered. He served in the Confederate Army in eastern Tennessee and western Virginia. He was captured on August 7, 1864 and imprisoned at Camp Chase, Ohio.

18641012_01Item Citation: From Folder 1, in the Christopher Wren Bunker Letters #4822-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Camp Chase, O., Oct. the 12th 1864

Dear Father, Mother, Brothers, and Sisters,

It is with pleasure I take the present opportunity to drop you a few lines to let you know how I am getting along. I was captured the 7th of last August and brought to this place. I have no news of interest to write to you are none allowed to come in prison. You must write to me as soon as you get this and let me know how you are getting along. I would like to hear from you all as it has been a long time since I heard from you, but I hope it will not be long before I will hear from you and see you too, all though I see no chance for an exchange.

I have not seen many well days since I came to this place. I have had the Smallpox and have now got the diarieh, but I hope that I will be well in the course of a week; the Smallpox did not go very hard with me, it did not confine me to my bed but about three weeks. I would like to have some clothes as I have not got but one suit and it is very thin summer goods but it is impossible for you to send me any from home. We are drawing light rashions here. Just enough to keep breath and body together. I must bring this to a close and I hope it will find you well and doing well. Direct to Camp Chase Columbia Ohio and put it in another envelop and direct to Judge Ould Officer of exchange, Richmond, Va

I remain your son as well, C. W. Bunker


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11 October 1864: “I cannot imagine why it was he came home”

Item Description: Diary entry dated 11 October 1864, written by Sarah Lois Wadley.


Item Citation: From volume 4 (folder 5) in the Sarah Lois Wadley Papers, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription: 

Tuesday, Oct. 11th. 1864.

Two weeks since I wrote here, but I have been too busy to write, every hour has been fully employed. Last Tuesday evening Father and I rode in to Trenton to see Mrs. Seale, who had just returned from her journey to the swamp. We stopped at the post office to get the paper, and found a letter from Willie, he was sick, but fortunately had gotten into a private house, and was hospitably entertained by “one of the kindest ladies he ever saw.”

On our return we met a young man who had dined with us that day who would stop in Monroe that night on his way to Virginia, and who said he would take letters for us if we sent them in the next morning, so I wrote short letters to Aunt Mary and Grandma, and one to Valeria that seemed short to me, though really it was quite long.

Friday we were surprised by Willie’s arrival, he came home on a furlough of thirty days, just three weeks after he went away, though a surprise to us, it was by no means one to Father and Mother. I cannot imagine why it was he came home, and as Father chooses to keep it secret I do not think it my place to speculate upon it, it is certainly very strange. Willie looks quite badly, his hair and beard are both very long, which heightens the thinness of his face; he has gone down to Girard now, to get Mr. Baldwin to put a new stock to his gun, left yesterday, we expect him back tomorrow; he had not reached the brigade before he was sick, but improved steadily after he got into camp.

We all had a grand “chinquapen hunt” Saturday, went up to Mrs. Phillips’ place, took a basket of lunch and did not come back till afternoon. The day was delightful and we enjoyed ourselves very much, gathered a great many chinquapens. We are having such beautiful weather now, day after day the sun runs his bright course through a sky of cloudless blue, and sets amid clear hues at evening only to give place to the moon, and to charm us with soft brilliancy of Venus, which gleams like a jewel on the brow of evening; the hickory trees alone show the approach of autumn by the slight russet hue of their outermost boughs, the oaks are still brightly green though we have had one or two very slight frosts. For several days we have had fire morning and evening but today it is very warm; my windows are all open. We have not omitted school one day since we commenced, the children have never studied so well. Georgie commenced to learn to write today, how earnest he was, and how his little hand trembled, how hard it must be for children to learn to write!

I have finished the first volume of my “Girondins,” am all impatience to get the next, it closed just in such an interesting part, I must send to Mrs. Leighton for the other volume as soon as possible.

I was busy all yesterday evening in my little garden replanting my violets, they have grown together so that many have died; also set out a little heliotrope which I had rooted, I forgot and left it in the sun this morning and was afraid my negligence had been fatal to it’s delicate life, but by taking it and carefully watering it I have brought to hold it’s head up quite blithely. Was delighted yesterday evening by receiving a letter from Mrs. Morancy, the first in a long, long time. She had suffered dreadfully from sore eyes, was quite blind for a time and had been dreadfully oppressed by melancholy afterwards; my poor friend, her life is indeed a darkened one. How I wish she might find the anchor of an assured hope in Christ, this is the only balm for an aching heart like hers. I must write to her now, will spend no more time on this.



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10 October 1864: “The Yellow fever is raging to such an extent at Newbern”

Item Description: Letter from Brigadier General L. S. Baker to his cousin John Kimberly explaining that because of his orders and the Yellow Fever epidemic in New Bern, North Carolina, he cannot allow him to visit New Bern.


Item Citation: From Folder 46 in the John Kimberly Papers, #398, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Item Transcription:

Goldsboro Oct 10th 1864

My Dear Cousin,

Your letter of recent date was received and has not been answered sooner on account of my absence from this place.  I am not at liberty to permit anyone to pass our lines to Newbern now.  By direction of Genl Beauregard some time since all who had passes from the War Department and who applied in a given time were allowed to pass.  Since that time communication has ceased between our outposts and the enemy’s.

The Yellow fever is raging to such an extent at Newbern that this route would be impracticable for some time even if it were in my power to grant your request.

I am very truly your servant,

L. S. Baker

Brig Genl


Mr John Kimberly

Chapel Hill


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9 October 1864: “The General has noticed the large number of men (apparently ablebodied soldiers) who frequent the numerous wagon camps and detached encampments”

Item Description: Circular ordering officers to return men on detached duty to their respective regiments and to make sure that men who are not fit for active duty are assigned jobs within their regiments.


Item Citation: Folder 18 of the T. L. Clingman Papers, #157, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Hd Qrs Army of No Va

October 9th, 1864


With a view to increase the effective strength of this army which is regarded as the first importance at this time the Commanding General directs that you will supervise the rolls of all the enlisted men on detached duty under your immediate control and of those serving with subordinate officers of your department and cause all to be returned to duty with their respective commands who shall not be declared by a board of army surgeons to be physically disqualified for duty in the ranks.

The General has noticed the large number of men (apparently ablebodied soldiers) who frequent the numerous wagon camps and detached encampments to be met with in the rear during an engagement with the enemy and he does not think there can be any indispensable service which necessitate the absence of these men from their regiments.

Those who are not are not capable of performing active service must be selected to perform the duties of ?, Field Hospital attendants, Forage Masters, Couriers, the like and this relieve the strong men for service in the ranks.  This is an important matter and the Commanding General expects your earnest cooperation to accomplish the object desired.

Very respectfully Your Obedient Servant,

W. H. Taylor

A. A. General



Jas McAdams

Inspector General

Clingman’s Brigade

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8 October 1864: “Write as you feel”

Item Description: Letter dated 8 October 1864 from John A. Ramsay to Margaret Beall (Maggie). Maggie was recently widowed by his cousin Julius D. Ramsay who died earlier in 1864. This is one of many letters of courtship that John wrote to Maggie after his cousin’s death.

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Item Citation: Folder 8, John A. Ramsay Papers (#03534), Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Item Transcription:

Oct. 8th 1864

My Dearest—–

I have had the great pleasure of reading another of my Dear One’s letters of the 3rd inst, and was truly glad to find, that you were well, but was sorry to find poor little M. was sick. I hope she will have recovered before this comes to your hand.

My Dearest— you must excuse this short letter, as I will not have time to write long; but the long letter I wrote on the 5th & 6th will make up the difference.

In your last, in speaking of telling me your troubles, you wrote “I see I must hereafter make a miserable man. Now dearest ask me to comply with such a request again.” But my Dear Friend I must ask you to continue writing just as you have done hereafter. Write as you feel. If you are in trouble I wish to share it. I do not wish to be, and cannot be happy, if I think there is trouble on my Dear Ones mind. Tell me in your letters freely, and unrestrained; as I write to you, your feelings. I will do what I can to soothe, relieve, and calm your troubled heart; and if I cannot relieve you, I can sympathize with my Darling.

As to the story I told you, and which has occupied such a prominent place in our letters, I will try and satisfy my Dear’s curiousity if possible. It is itself a very small affair but the fact, that it was a story, kept troubling me. It grieved me to think I had done such a thing– I could have said nothing about it and let it passed; but that would not have alevred (alleviate?) my conscious. I could not deceive the Great Ruler of Heaven and Earth. He knew that I had done wrong, and I asked and hope I have obtained his pardon. I also felt that I had done injustice to the Darling of my heart, and I asked, and hope, you will forgive the fault.

I might have kept it from your knowledge, but I did not feel that it would be right, and I told you. I have no secret now, that you do not know. If it were possible for you to look into my heart and read and know all that is there, you would be welcome. There is nothing there now, that would cause me to blush.

I will try and recall your recollection to the occurrence which caused the story to be told. You recollect we sat talking one night until quite a late hours. I then left you but forgot my cap. I intended going to your plantation early in the morning, and rose early and found my cap missing, and studied awhile– remembered where I left it, and went and got it. After I returned from the plantation you asked me some questions about my coming after it, and not sending for it, and I did not give true answers. It was a small affair but would have embarrassed you, if I had told you then. But since things have taken the turn they have, and we stand towards each other as affirmed– and— it would have been much better, had I done what I shall ever do hereafter.

I hope your recollections will be refreshed by the foregoing, and that you will understand my motives in doing what I did.

With the high regard that I had for your character, I could not refrain from refolding to you the only thing that would ever cause me to blush, at your gaining a knowledge of; and I hope that my Darling will not trouble herself any more in regard to this affair; but, will bury it deep deep in the waters of Oblivion never to be resurrected again. 

I was very sorry to hear that Capt T. Beale was wounded and Capt J. Beale was ? and hope that the wound was slight and the sickness not severe. I had been anxiously waiting to hear from their ever since Early’s battles. Theirs was pretty severe fighting in this away yesterday on both flanks, but as I am in the centre I have not heard the particulars yet.

The cloth I send you, please take care of for me, for the present; please save it as I see the months are at work on it.

I would keep on writing till night, but have to stop I suppose my last letter tired you dull. It I believe is twenty pages.

May God’s richest blessings attend you in the prayer of

Yours only,

J. A. R.

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7 October 1864: “Captured and are still in Yankeedom.”

Item Description: Cornelius Dabney, a student at the University of Virginia, describes the effects of the Civil War on his family in his diary. At the time when this is written he was not at school.

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Item Citation: Folder 1, in the Cornelius Dabney Diary #201-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Oct. 7th. Before turning my attention to more recent events I must record some of the chief events of the past six months. Many changes, some, sad, a few joyous have marked this brief period.


My cousin Alice Deffarges, who was going to School at Mr. Hart’s died on the 25th of January after an illness of one week. None of her friends from home could reach her before it was too late I assisted Mr. Hart in the sad duty of bearing her remains to their last resting place, at the home of her sister in King Wm.

Alas! how mysterious is death sparing not the flowers which spring up in our pathway and fill, for a short season, our hearts with joy.


My brother Alfred returned from Maryland, whither he had gone in Nov. 1863, in March and about the middle of April came up to see me. He had already joined the army and repaired to the company (Co H, 9th. Va. Cav.) the 1st of May just before Grant’s campaign opened. Owing to the arduous duties of the ensuing weeks his horse gave out and he was at home in search of another when the Yankees cut him off on the 30th of May. He returned the night before expecting to leave for camp the next day but when morning came he found that the Yankees were between him and the ferry. So that nothing was left him but to dodge them which he did successfully for the ten days during wh; they remained in the neighborhood Billy Timeberlake was with him most of the time. Uncle Bush & Pat Sweet were taken prisoners captured and are still in Yankeedom.

But to return to my bro. After the departure of the Yanks my father bought him another horse and he returned to camp. After passing through many engagements unhurt, he was wounded severely on the eighteenth of August. Papa happened to be in Richmond at the time and had him taken to my uncle Roberts immediately. At the same time Lt. Haw brought back the buggy, in which he and Papa had gone over, and a letter desiring Mamma & Sister to take the train for Richmond the next morning.

I took them over to the depot and put them under the care of Mr. B.C. Goodwin a college mate of mine, and who happened to be on the train that morning & whom I had not seen for more than a year.

Under the skillful treatment of Dr. Bolton combined with the tender nursing of Ma & Sister Allie improved rapidly and was well enough to course out home on the end of Sept. When I met them all, with the carriage, at Hanover C. H. Besides Mama, Papa, Sister, & Allie I found at the depot cousin James Bosher & his wife, and Mrs. Hawes & Miss Alice. Mrs. Hawes had been over to look for Walker who had been wounded on 25th of August.

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6 October 1864: “I cannot get anything to read here”

Item Description: Letter dated 6 October 1864 from J. D. from prison in Ohio. He writes to his Uncle Edwin in Philadelphia about finances.


Item Citation: From folder 19 in Confederate Papers, #00172, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Item Transcription:

Prison 3 Barrack G. Camp Chase Columbus Ohio Oct 6th 1864

Dear Uncle Edwin

Yours of the 30th ? came safely to hand a day or two since, with bill of arts// send for New York + all satisfactory. The articles spoken of, Mr Davis + I received a few days since. I am very much pleased and am under many obligations. The books of which you spoke some time since, I have not as yet received. I wish you would forward them as soon as convenient, as I cannot get anything to read here, save now+ then a trifling novel, which is worse than nothing you know. When you send the books I wish you would also put up a few collars, + send bill of all. I sent up check for collection + it was returned. (after served days dentention), without any explanation whatever + as I did not need the money I destroyed the check in Mr. Davis’ presence, so you will give me credit for the amt of ($10.00) ten dollars if you please. Mr Davis sends his compliments + says he will write you in a few days. The sick + wounded are going on exchange in a day or two from this camp.

Yours truly J D Miller


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