17 June 1864: “By hook or by crook, Abraham Lincoln is bound to be re-elected President of the Northern States.”

Item Description: Editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 17 June 1864.

18640617

Transcription:

By hook or by crook, Abraham Lincoln is bound to be re-elected President of the Northern States.—That, like his nomination at Baltimore, is a foregone conclusion.  He is far from being a great man, but whatever else may be thought about him, he has shown himself to be a “smart” man in his own way.  He has out-jockeyed all his competitors so far, and will do so a again, we think, although the experiment be is trying  is a dangerous one; but the danger lies away in the distance, beyond Mr. Lincoln’s ken and beyond his care.

At the Convention that re-nominated him, undoubted Southern States were fictitiously represented, and, in the electoral college that will choose the President, we should not wonder if the vote of North Carolina, South Carolina, Arkansas, Louisiana and other Southern States should be counted for Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. One man out of ten is authorized, according to the Lincoln programme, to cast the vote for any of the “rebel” States. Who knows but that there may be a sufficient number of runaway negroes, Buffaloes and white Yankee soldiers in North Carolina, to muster up ten thousand votes in November next?  Or, if there is not, who will say that there, will not be Lincoln agents sufficiently accommodating to return them as having voted, and, of course, voted for the present incumbent? That thing will be easily arranged. So much, we think is certain.

The New York Herald undertook to predict that Lincoln could not be nominated, and that Grant would be.  The result shows how far the Herald was mistaken. The same paper takes upon itself to say that Lincoln will not be elected.  In this prediction it is almost as certain to be mistaken as it was in its prediction about the nomination.  Lincoln plays with loaded dice, and unless his election is prevented by force it will certainly be accomplished by fraud.

The great State of New York may feel insulted by having its vote offset by electoral delegations presuming to represent North or South Carolina, Alabama or Arkansas, Louisiana or Texas or Florida.  New York may fully understand the fraud, but it will be unable to right itself without having a resort to open force, and we doubt if it will have that resort.  For the time, at least, Lincoln will probably be master of the situation.  He will carry his point.  Away in the future will loom up dangers and difficulties.  The seeds of distraction and suspicion will be planted, and they will be certain to bear bitter fruit.  But that will be in the future, beyond the ken or the care of men like Mr. Lincoln, who are merely “smart” and not wise—who arc politicians but not statesmen,—who are fanatics and not patriots.

Why Hamblin was thrown overboard we can hardly tell.  Hamblin was as black a Republican as anybody.  There has been nothing white about him, not even his complexion, since it is shrewdly questioned whether he is a full-blooded white man himself.  But he has been thrown over board to make room for Andrew Johnson, perhaps because Johnson hails from one of those Southern States from which a bogus delegation is expected to cast a counterfeit vote for Lincoln.

Item Citation: Editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 17 June 1864, page 2, column 1. Call number C071 W74j, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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16 June 1864: “This is only about twenty miles from Atlanta, while it is rumored that Hooker has crossed the river to our right, and is probably trying to get between them and Atlanta with a large force.”

Item description: Letter, dated 16 June 1864, from Robert Stuart Finley to his fiancee, Mary A. Cabeen. Finley was a member of the 30th Illinois Infantry, serving in Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana, and Georgia.

[Item transcription available below images.]

18640616_01 18640616_02 18640616_03 18640616_04

Item citation: From the Robert Stuart Finley papers #3685-zSouthern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Camp near Big Shanty Sta. June 16th 1864

Miss M.A.C.

Dear friend,

Your kind letter of June 4th came to hand yesterday and was quite welcome. Situated as we are on the battle field amid the crowded throng of thousands of soldiers, the almost continual clicking of musketry and occasional roar of Artillery, it is quite a relief to receive and read a kind letter from a friend.

I realized this pleasure on yesterday, for while reading your letter the Artillery was firing vigorously and with an almost deafening roar about fifty rods in front of us, and the infantry were making a charge upon the rebels a little to the left of our batteries; while the deadly music of the musketry mingled with battle cry of the brave boys rushing upon their deadly foes. How strangely conflicting scenes seem to commingle upon the battle field. Just before the battle all is joy & mirth – the greeting of friends – in a moment the meeting of foes – the deadly conflict and then the shout of victory or the wail of suffering and the agony of death. O! kind disposer of events hasten the glad day when such scenes shall be forever ended in our land.

We left Huntsville the next day after I wrote to you last, and after a long and severe march with wet weather and bad roads we arrived at the Hd. Qrs. Of Gen. Sherman near Acworth on the 8th of this month.

On the 10th the whole army advanced to this place and found Johnsons army occupying a strongly fortified position around the base of Pine and Lost Mountains. When we came here it was raining and continued raining almost incessantly for four days so that very little was done except skirmishing.

Yesterday the weather cleared up and some fighting was done. Our lines were advanced the 4th Div. of our Corps making a charge on our left driving back the enemy and capturing about 400 prisoners. One Regt. (the 31st Ala.) of about 100 men was taken with its officers. Our Regt. was not engaged although they were moved up to occupy an advanced position and to support a regt. holding our rifle pits.

During the engagement yesterday Lieut. Greenough (of Co. F. 30th Ills. and Aid de Camp to Genl. Force comd’g our Brig.) was shot by a rebel sharpshooter and died instantly. He was standing near one of our batteries looking through a field glass at the advancing line of skirmishers when he was shot. There was a large crowd around and among them several Generals, none of whom had any business there except to see what was going on, but as soon as he fell the crowd was soon dispersed. Lieut. Greenough was the one of the best and bravest officers in our Division his death was a severe loss & deeply regretted by all who knew him. His body was sent to his home in Marshall Ills. to  day in charge of his friend, Noyes Barber.

All has been quiet in our front to day except an hour or two this afternoon there was some brisk cannonading. This is only about twenty miles from Atlanta, while it is rumored that Hooker has crossed the river to our right, and is probably trying to get between them and Atlanta with a large force. If he accomplishes this and causes them to evacuate their works here Shermans victory is complete.

Our losses in the fight yesterday were comparatively light & Sherman I think has been doing well when we consider that he has sent north of prisoners and deserters together, then hundred and forty of Johnsons Army during the last six days.

I hope that the next 4th of July may be like the last, and much more, a day in which the north together with the army in the field, shall celebrate signal victories for the federal arms. But while we rejoice over our success we are called to mourn and drop the tear of sympathy for brave and loved boys who have nobly fallen upon the battle field to secure for us these successes. The living heroes of this struggle for our countries honor, the nation will ever delight to welcome and reward but, -

“The hearts adoration shall still be for those
Who know naught of the triumph that blesses the close;
Who from the dark battle field never returned,
To hear the warm praises so gallantly earned;”

You have my warmest sympathy in the loss of your loved brother. The ways of providence are mysterious yet I trust you mourn not as those who have no hope. His country demanded the sacrifice and it is a sweet consolation to know that he died nobly and in a good cause.

(continued 1st Page)(crossways)

I thought I had taken a large enough sheet of paper to write all I wanted but I have filled it up with much that I expect will not be interesting to you and hope you will pardon me for writing so much, but you need not read it if you get tired before you get through, especially this page. But I want to answer some things in your last letter.

You have a poor opinion of your own photo. I haven’t taken it for a cigar lighter yet and do not expect to very soon. If M.F.W. is going to send me one of her, she is a long time about it for it hasn’t come to hand yet. Perhaps your information was mistaken about her intentions. I haven’t heard a word about her since I was at home and do not know where she is. And if she should think proper to send me her photo it would have to be much better looking than the original to even compare with yours, so you need not fear the fate of yours.

The boys in the 30th are generally well they are now occupying rifle pits only four or five of the Regt. have been slightly wounded since we came here. They have been quite fortunate thus far. The 102nd are several miles out to our right in Hookers Corps and I have not seen any of them yet. I believe I am but little acquainted with any one in that Regt. I have met some old acquaintances in Ohio Regts. And in the 9th Ills. I must close as it is nearly mail time and take this to the Office. The cars run to this station now and we get the mail through direct. Please excuse this cross writing as I do not believe in it as a general thing. Direct as before and write as soon as convenient. I remain as ever.

Your sympathizing friend,
R.S.F.

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15 June 1864: “Slaves under eighteen and over fifty years of age are exempt from impressment. All male slaves between those ages are liable to be impressed, subject to the following exceptions.”

Item description: Circular, dated 15 June 1864, from the Confederate States Engineer Department, Office Enrollment Slaves concerning the impressment of slaves and freedmen into the Confederate States Army.

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Item citation: From the Ella Barrow Spalding Papers #1106, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

CONFEDERATE STATES ENGINEER DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE ENROLLMENT SLAVES, Savannah, Ga., June 15th, 1864.

To the Slave Owners of Georgia.

        In accordance with orders from the Secretary of War, in pursuance of the Act of Congress passed February 17th, 1864, another call upon you for slave labor to work on the fortifications of the coast, is hereby made. In consideration of the planting interests of the country, the Major General Com’dg has postponed the time for receiving the slaves until July 1st, and it is expected that all planters will promptly respond at that time.

        Captain John McCrady, Chief Engineer of Georgia, directs me to state that the negroes will be worked in healthy localities on the salt water, and consequently the apprehensions usually felt in regard to removing negroes from the interior to the low country during the summer, need not exist in the present case, as the locality of the work is equally healthy with the interior.

        A well organized medical department at the head of which is an experienced Physician of Savannah, has charge of the sanitary condition of the negroes.

        Having made every arrangement that can conduce to the health and comfort of the negroes, and to the convenience of their owners, a prompt response to this call is confidently expected.

        The counties will be called upon in an order determined by the number of times they have contributed previously, those being first enrolled which have heretofore furnished no labor at all, or who have furnished a less number of times than others. Credit will thus be given for former contributions, not only to counties, but to individuals–and on the other hand all parties in every county, who have heretofore escaped the Enrolling Officer, will be compelled to furnish their respective quotas.

Yours very Respectfully,

CHAS. R. ARMSTRONG,
Capt. & Ass’t Quartermaster, in charge.

C. S. ENGINEER DEPARTMENT,
OFFICE ENROLLMENT SLAVES,

Savannah, Ga., June 15th, 1864.

        In the hiring or impressment of slaves within the Military District of Georgia, the Enrolling Officers, charged with those duties will be governed by the following instructions:

        I. You will strictly comply with General Orders No. 32, A. & I. G. O., March 11, 1864, and with such other instructions as are herewith given.

        II. You will not impress free negroes, or other free persons of color, as by order of the War Department, the Bureau of Conscription is charged with their enrollment, and they have been assigned to certain duties in connection with the military service under the act of Congress of Feb. 17th, 1864[.] The present call for slaves is to supply the deficiency thus created according to the provisions of the same act.

        III. Before proceeding to impress slaves you will endeavor to obtain from each owner or controller, by voluntary contract, the quota liable to be furnished for the period, and upon the terms and conditions set forth in these instructions[.]

        IV. Slaves under eighteen and over fifty years of age are exempt from impressment. All male slaves between those ages are liable to be impressed, subject to the following exceptions.

        1. Only one out of every five male slaves, between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years can be taken from any owner by impressment.

        2. If an owner has but one male slave between the ages of eighteen and fifty years, such slave cannot be impressed without the consent of his owner.

        3. No impressment shall be made of slaves employed in the domestic and family service exclusively. And where there are not more than four male slaves between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years upon any farm or plantation, none of those four will be impressed.

        4. All male slaves, actually in the employment of the Government, under contractors, or employed by Rail Road companies, at the time the labor is demanded under these orders, are exempt from impressment while so employed.

        V. In impressing slaves you will take them in equal ratio from all owners in the same locality.

        VI. In each case of impressment you will allow a credit for all slaves already impressed under the Act of Feb’y 17, 1864, and who are still in service, or have died or been lost while in service.

        (NOTE. At the date of these instructions no previous impressments have been made under this act, in this Military District.)

        VII. You will demand from each owner, hirer or controller of slaves within your county the quota of slaves which such party is liable to furnish according to Paragraph IV, of these Instructions, to serve for a period of time not longer than six months. You will impress one fifth of all such slaves between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, and one fifth of those between the ages of forty-five and fifty years, regarding especially the exemptions set forth in Sec. 2., 3. and 4. of Paragraph IV. of these instructions.

        VIII. You will receive none but sound and healthy male slaves, and should any one furnish an unsound or unhealthy slave, who upon examination by the Surgeon in charge, shall be rejected and declared unfit for service, then all expenses, of every description attending the impressment of such slave, shall be chargeable to the party, and a sound and healthy male slave required instead.

        IX. You will offer the following compensation for slave labor at the time demanded whether hired or impressed:

        For Laborers, thirty dollars per month.

        For common Carpenters, thirty-five dollars per month.

        For good Carpenters, forty-five dollars per month, besides rations, medicines and medical attendance, and one suit of clothing for every six months of service.

        If the owners or their authorized agents shall not consent to receive the sums offered, (or in any case of disagreement as to the amount of compensation) you will cause just compensation to be ascertained and determined by the judgment of two loyal and disinterested citizens of the city or county in which the contract of hire or the impressment may be made, one to be selected by, or in behalf of the owner, and the other by yourself, which two citizens, in the event of their disagreement, shall choose an umpire of like qualifications, whose decision shall be final. The persons thus selected, after an oath to appraise the value of the services of the slaves, hired or impressed, fairly and impartially (which oath may be administered by yourself) shall proceed to assess just compensation for the services of each slave per month.

        X. You will require the owners or controllers from whom slaves may be hired or impressed to furnish them with a comfortable supply of good clothing, shoes and blankets or other bedding, as only one suit of clothes, as before stated, will be furnished by the Confederate States, during a period of six months service.

        XI. Owners of slaves will be allowed to furnish a suitable Overseer for each gang of fifty or more slaves (hired or impressed) who will be paid by the Confederate States fifty dollars per month and rations, and such Overseer shall be at all times subject to the control of the officer in charge, and may be dismissed by him for any misconduct.

        XII. The Confederate States will be responsible to the owner of every slave hired or impressed for his full value, in the event of the loss of such slave, while employed in their service, by the act of the enemy, or by escape to the enemy, or by death inflicted by the enemy, or by disease contracted while in any service required of said slave, during the period for which he may have been hired or impressed. In case such value cannot be agreed upon by the owner and the Impressing Officer, it shall be ascertained and determined by appraisement in the manner and at the time prescribed in Paragraph IX., of these instructions. The Confederate States will not be responsible for any slave not returned by reason of fraud or collusion on the part of the owner or agent, or overseer appointed to superintend them, nor if his death should be caused by the act of God, or by disease existing when the slave is received by the Confederate authorities.

        XIII. Whenever the appraisement either of the value of the services of the slave or slaves hired or impressed, or of the full value of such slave or slaves shall for any reason be impracticable at the time of said hire or impressment, such value shall be assessed as soon as possible in the manner prescribed in paragraph IX of these instructions.

        XIV. You will endeavor in all cases to obtain the consent of the owner of the slave or slaves hired or impressed, to have the appraisement of the full value of the same made at this Office, by an Appraiser appointed by the owner or controller to meet the Government Appraiser for that purpose, these two in case of disagreement to appoint an Umpire, which will constitute a Board of Experts to determine the valuation. It is believed that this course will prove equally satisfactory with an appraisement made in the county of impressment or hire, and it will conduce greatly to the convenience of the officers in charge and the facilitation of business. Such consent and all other consents and agreements provided for herein, must be in writing and signed by the owner or party furnishing the slaves, in presence of a witness.

        XV. Should the owners prefer furnishing subsistence to their slaves, the rations will be commuted for at the rate allowed soldiers in service for corresponding months.

        XVI. You will request the owners to furnish their slaves with three days rations, that they may be supplied with food until they arrive at this office and are ordered to the works.

        XVII. You will use all due dilligence in the discharge of your duties, and be particular to notify the owners of the conditions of the orders under which you act, the time and place in your county where they are to turn over to you their required quota of slaves, which you will deliver at this office as soon thereafter as possible.

        XVIII. In obtaining the quota from your county, you will use only peaceful and conciliatory measures, as coercion is only intended for those who wilfully resist the law. Should these means fail, summon to your aid such assistance as you shall deem necessary to obtain the quota of such selfish and unpatriotic parties as refuse. Should you still fail, report at once to this office those who refuse, and the number to be furnished by them, when the law will be enforced by military power. In case of slaves thus impressed, the term of service will be extended to a period not exceeding twelve months.

        XIX. The term of service will be computed from the time of their departure to their return to their homes.

        XX. All payments for slave labor will be made after the termination of service, and should parties authorize others to collect their pay or hire, they must furnish proper powers of attorney, in duplicate duly signed and witnessed, and in case of Administrators, Executors, Guardians, Trustees or Agents, the certificate of the Ordinary of the County in duplicate, will be required in attestation of such fact.

        XXI. All claims for the enrollment and impressment and hire of slaves, will be paid at this office, to which all communication connected with this department must be addressed.

        XXII. Receipts will be given to each owner or controller of slaves when appraised, which must be returned to this office when the quota is discharged.

        XXIII. You will endeavor so to direct the time of receiving the slaves, that their delivery at this office shall not be on Saturday Night or Sunday, that labor may be avoided on that day.

        XXIV. You will issue Certificates of Transportation to the Rail Road Companies over whose roads you may have to pass, stating the number transported, which will be redeemed with Tickets at this office.

        XXV. You will endeavor to obtain the entire quota of your county at one time, so that the enrollment may be at once consummated.

        XXVI. Clerks for receiving and delivering the slaves will be at the depots on the arrival and departure of the trains.

        XXVII. Should you find parties so unpatriotic as to endeavor to evade the impressment by representing to you a less number than their required quota, you are hereby authorized to have all such parties sworn to the truth of their statements and representations.

CHAS. R. ARMSTRONG,
Capt. & Ass’t Quartermaster, in charge.

Amendment to Paragraph VII.

        Provided, That if a party has not five slaves between the ages of eighteen and forty-five years, but has five or more slaves in all between the ages of eighteen and fifty years, you may impress from those between the ages of forty five and fifty years, a number equal to one-fifth of such party’s entire force.

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14 June 1864: “We must be prepared for some reverses and some ugly blows at that.”

Item Description: “About Richmond’ (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 14 June 1864.

18640614

Transcription:

General LEE, for two years past, has exhibited iron endurance, and has kept the field with a constancy almost without parallel. It is known that, for some time past, the General has been pretty seriously indisposed although he is now recovering and able to ride down to the lines in an ambulance. He did so last week. In the meantime General BEAUREGARD is at hand to relieve him of the sole load until he recovers.— General LEE has had an attack of what may be called “the prevailing epidemic,” :—namely a derangement of the bowels.

The lines of the opposing armies, both entrenched, we suppose, are at some points within fitty yards of each other. Last week, when a friend of ours was down to the front by way of Gaines’ Mill, the New Bridge and around there, the atmosphere was unwholesome with picket-firing, occasional shelling and all that sort of thing. This must be the case when hostile forces are so close together.

Whether General LEE contemplates assuming the offensive or not we cannot pretend to say. Some assert that he does, others assert that he does not. General Lee has not apprized us of his intentions. It may be that no decisive movement will made until he is ready to resume the active command in the field.  In the meantime the Yankees are extending their ravages into portions of the South-western part of Virginia that they have not previously reached. They want to control all the communications by railroad, even as low down as Lynchbnrg.  That is part of their grand programme, some part of which, considering the vast means employed, may reasonably be expected to succeed. We must be prepared for some reverses and some ugly blows at that.  It is the fortune of the war.

Item Citation: editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 14 June 1864, page 2, column 1. Call number C071 W74j, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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13 June 1864: “So Gov. Vance carries a travelling suite with him.”

Item Description: editorial, The Daily Progress (Raleigh, N. C.), 13 June 1864.

18640613

Transcription:

GOV., VANCE: IN CHARLOTTE.-Our gallant townsman, J. L. Morehead, Esq., had the honor of entertaining the Governor and suite while in this place.— We learn that the Governor’s son, “a chip of the old block,” about nine year of age, accompanies his father. –Char. Bulletin

So Gov. Vance carries a travelling suite with him. This travelling suite consists, we suppose, of one or more of the “Shade Aids” who are now drawing forage, fuel, commutation for rent, &c., all to be paid for by the State, for services they are not performing. Mothers, sisters, wives and aged fathers cannot go to Richmond or Petersburg to look after their maimed and mutilated loved ones, because all the railroad transportation facilities are required to do the work of the government, but Gov. Vance can have special trains for himself and “suite” and excursion schedules are gotten up for the special accommodation of his admirers who want to hear him speak. We beg the people to remember these things and vote for a man, in August, who refuses to harangue them at a time like this for their votes. Mr. Holden’s principles are well known and his Conservatism and advocacy of an honorable peace are above suspicion, and he is content that the people of the State decide between him and Gov. Vance with out going out to harangue them.

Citation: editorial, The Daily Progress, 13 June 1864, page 2 column 1. Call number: VC071 C748 folder 4, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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12 June 1864: “I am, with the assistance of an engineer officer, Lieutenant [W. R.] King, of the Army, placing torpedoes in the Roanoke River, to be exploded by friction matches.”

Item description: A report from acting Rear Admiral Samuel P. Lee concerning “the placing and trial of torpedoes for defense against the C. S. ram Albemarle.”

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Item transcription:

Report of Acting Rear-Admiral Lee, U. S. Navy, transmitting a report regarding the placing and trial of torpedoes for defense against the C. S. ram Albemarle.

Confidential.]
FLAGSHIP AGAWAM,
Farrar’s Island, June 12, 1864.
SIR: I enclose a communication from Captain M. Smith, dated 6th instant, reporting experiments with torpedoes, and referring to the probable movements of the Albemarle, and I ask the attention of the Department to Captain Smith’s remark as to floating batteries building on the Roanoke.
If not inconsistent with the views of the Department, I would respectfully suggest that it may be beneficial to the public service if a portion of the light-draft monitors should be fitted either as submarine prodders or as torpedo vessels, relieving them, if necessary, for this purpose, of their guns and a part of their turrets.
I have the honor to to be, sir, very respectfully, yours,

S. P. LEE,
Actg. Rear-Admiral, Comdg. North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Hon. GIDEON WELLES,
Secretary of the Navy, Washington, D. C..

[Enclosure.]

Confidential.]
U. S. S. MATTABESETT,
Albemarle Sound, North Carolina, June 6, 1864.
SIR: I made an experiment to-day to foul a boat that was cast adrift in the sound by towing another astern of the Wyalusing with a torpedo in it. The second trial succeeded. and both the old boats were blown to atoms. I shall continue the practice, and prepare one immediately to operate on the ram.
I am, with the assistance of an engineer officer, Lieutenant [W. R.] King, of the Army, placing torpedoes in the Roanoke River, to be exploded by friction matches. The trigger wires to be watched by selected men during the day, as it is believed that the rain will never attempt to come down the river at night, for fear of getting aground, and I have no idea he will make his appearance in the sound until the floating batteries that are building at Weldon are ready to cooperate.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
MELANCTON SMITH,
Captain and Senior Officer Present.

Acting Rear-Admiral S. P. LEE,
Commanding North Atlantic Blockading Squadron.

Item citation: Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion.. Series I, Volume 10. Washington : G.P.O., 1900. C970.75 U58no Ser. I, Vol. 10. North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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11 June 1864: “. . . little opportunity is given for bestowing upon the soldiers the attention they so much need.”

Item Description: “Along the Line of the Railroad” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 11 June 1864.

18640611

Transcription:

THE DAILY JOURNAL.
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA.
WILMINGTON, N. C., SATURDAY, JUNE 11, 1864.

The time at which the train from Weldon to Wilmington passes the most important points on the Railroad, renders it almost impossible tor the wounded soldiers to receive that attention which would not other wise be withheld from them. As, for instance, we understand that the train which reaches Wilmington at 9 or 9 1/2 a. m , passes Goldsboro’ about 2 a. m., Warsaw and Magnolia about 4 1/2 or 5 a. m , hours at which ladies could hardly venture out. We are informed also that the connection at Weldon is so close, so little time elapses between the arrival of the train from Petersburg and the departure of that for Wilmington, that little opportunity is given for bestowing upon the soldiers the attention they so much need. We think, however, from what we have heard, that something in the arrangements might be considerably improved with a slight expenditure of additional attention.

We know the people along the line—at least we think we do, and we believe they are as much devoted to the cause, and as willing to do all that can be done for the suffering soldiers as any people in the Confederacy. If there be any want unsupplied, any omission made, it is only necessary that it should be pointed out to them.

Item Citation: editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 11 June 1864, page 2, column 1. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Citation: editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 6 June 1864, page 2, column 1. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.XpnfVXFy.dpuf

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10 June 1864: “Soon their spirit would rise with the occasion, . . .”

Item Description: editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 10 June 1864.

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Transcription:

THE DAILY JOURNAL.
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA
WILMINGTON, N. C., FRIDAY JUNE 10, 1864.

THE YANKEES and the Yankee papers, who are, to a great extent their exponents, and none the less so that they veer around at every turn of the popular breeze, have now adopted the theory that Gen. Lee is the embodiment and the great and almost the sole strength of what they are pleased to call “the rebellion.” The New York Herald says that “if ever a man was a nation, if ever Louis XIV was France, Lee is the rebellion.” We can all see, or think we see, that this theory is false, but at the same time it ought to teach us that however highly we appreciate General Lee, the enemy appreciates him still more highly, and that to get rid of such a dreaded opponent there is hardly anything to which they would not resort. It ought to, and we trust it will, have its influence with General Lee himself, in making him more careful of a life so dear, so precious to his country and his countrymen, so much dreaded by his foes and the foes of the Confederacy.

The fall of General Lee would clothe the Confederacy in mourning. It would be felt as a personal loss—a private affliction—by every true man and every true family in the Confederacy. General Lee’s life is not his own to risk—it belongs to his country, and that country demands that it shall not be exposed to the risks of the battlefield. We eel assured that General Lee is too good a patriot to resist this demand of his country.

But General Lee, as great and good a man as he is—much as be is beloved and revered, not only by the army, but by every man, woman and child in the Confederacy—is not, after all, the Confederacy itself, nor the cause itself. The cause is just, the Confederacy is right, and the cause would have been just and the Confederacy would have been right, even though General Lee never had existed, and would not cease to be so even were Providence to order that General Lee should be removed from the command of the Confederate armies. If it be the will of Providence that the Confederate cause shall succeed, it will succeed through the instrumentality of General Lee, or if he is removed, then through some other instrumentality-General Lee, we are assured, feels this himself.  He habitually acknowledges his dependence upon Divine Providence, in whose hands he is simply an instrument.  The same Providence that raised him up, can as easily raise up another, and even human wisdom can see that, great as he is-first as he stands in the hearts of his countrymen, there are not wanting others worthy to take up the sword should he drop it-to wield the trancheon should it fall from his grasp.

No mere men, neither General Lee nor President Davis, although to us they are the foremost men of all the world-certainly so far as the Confederacy is concerned—neither of these men are the Confederacy.—They simply represent it.  They wield its power.  The people are the Confederacy—its strength is in their spirit and determination.  The loss of men like these might depress their spirit, but even such a loss ought not to unsettle their determination, and it would not.  Soon their spirit would rise with the occasion, and others would perfect the work which theee leaders had begun.

Item Citation: editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 10 June 1864, page 2, column 1. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Citation: The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 6 June 1864. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.47vTN1AM.dpuf
Item Citation: The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 6 June 1864. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.Cm2xQ3sM.dpuf
Item Citation: The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 6 June 1864. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.Cm2xQ3sM.dpuf
Item Citation: The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 6 June 1864. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. – See more at: http://blogs.lib.unc.edu/civilwar/#sthash.Cm2xQ3sM.dpuf

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8 June 1864: “Foreign Generals.”

Item Description: “Foreign Generals,” (editorial), The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N. C.), 8 June 1864.

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Transcription:

THE DAILY JOURNAL.
CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA.
WILMINGTON, N. C., WEDNESDAY, JUNE 8, 1864.

Foreign Generals.

It is a somewhat noticeable fact that of the few foreigners by birth who have attained rank and made a name in the Confederate service, nearly all are Celtic or semi-Celtic. There are two foreign-born men Major Generals, to wit : Gen. ” Pat.” CLEBURN, as he is familiarly called by his command, and General POLIGNAC, who is said by the Mobile Tribune to be a grand son of Charles X of France. We have always been under the impression that he was a descendant of the minister of that unfortunate sovereign.

Brigadier General FINNEGAN is pretty well known as an Irishman, and an undoubted Celt. The two young MITCHELLS, sons of JOHN MITCHELL, also bid fair to occupy a prominent position should the war continue. Even General BEAUREGARD, although not, as has sometimes been said, a French Canadian, is a thorough Gaul or Celt, by temperament and descent.

There is probably something in the Gaelic blood of France and Ireland that sympathises more readily with the condition of a gallant people, bravely struggling against odds, than there is in the cooler blood of the Teutonic race, whether direct from its original seats, or coming down somewhat modified by its transplantation to England. Not that there have not been dome exceptions, as for instance Col. LEVINTHORPE of the Bethel Regiment, a gallant Englishman and a good soldier. We do not make an exception in the case of Col. ST. LEGER GRENFEL, who, as a military man, only sought adventures, and in pursuing of them had served with sundry powers, and may yet serve with others. GRENFEL was no mercenary adventurer. He sought adventure for the love of the thing, but we think cared nothing for the cause.

We do not know of a single general of foreign birth, that has attained any reputation in the Northern armies, although there are so many foreign soldiers in the ranks. SEIGEL and the other German generals have been failures about equally with the Irish generals like MEAGHER, CORCORAN and others. These were poitical appointments, the Germans being Red Republicans, and the Irish “Fenians,” or some such thing.

We believe that President DAVIS, while, of course, naturally desirous that the Confederacy should enjoy the sympathy and moral support of all good men throughout the world, and being above any petty prejudices against any Confederate citizens merely on account of their birth, has a decided disinclination to giving military position in our armies to Eurepean soldiers, no matter how brave, who come simply as soldiers and not as citizens of the Confederacy. The Confederacy is rich in educated talent, and to her citizens, who have borne the heat and burden of the day, belong any honors appertaining to command. Anything like a mere adventurer the President has no use for.—This much might be inferred from the tone of his mind. The fight now progressing is for national, constitutional liberty, in a form in accordance with the genius and institutions of the Southern States of America. That fight is sufficient to occupy all his attention and tax all the energies of the people whose representative head he is. He is not likely to be a man who could be expected to share any enthusiasm for European Red Republicanism, or mere doctrinaire schemes, nor to complicate, his hardly tried, but sturdy young nationality (not consolidated government) with matters which concern only the people immediately to be effected by them. A difference of opinion and feeling on these points may perhaps account for the non employment of some—at least of one foreign-born general of high character and splendid military attainments. We might as well say that we allude to Gen. HENINGSEN.

Item Citation: editorial, The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 8 June 1864, page 2, column 1. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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6 June 1864: “We regret to learn that on Thursday afternoon, or evening, Lt. J. L. Johnston, C.S.N., attached to this station, came to his death by drowning…”

Item description: A death notice for Lt. J. L. Johnston of the Confederate States Navy. Lt. Johnston drowned off the North Carolina coast, near Fort Caswell.

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Item Transcription:

DEATH OF LT. J. L. JOHNSTON
We regret to learn that on Thursday afternoon, or evening, Lt. J. L. JOHNSTON, C. S. N., attached to this station, came to his death by drowning below Fort Caswell, and not far from the Western Bar.
We are not in possession of the particulars, but believe that Lt. JOHNSTON, with the small steamer Equator, had been out to the wreck of the steamer Georgina McCall, and was returning, the weather being rough and the steamer near the breakers. When he was about going to his cabin a sudden lurch or roll threw him overboard. Getting among the breakers he could not be rescued.
Lt. JOHNSTON was a native of Virginia, probably about 38 years of age, a clever, gentlemanly officer, high esteemed and much regretted by all who knew him. We believe he had been an officer in the old navy, but resigned to cast his fate with his native section.

Item Citation: The Daily Journal (Wilmington, N.C.), 6 June 1864. Call number C071 Z, North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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