25 March 1864: “The articles captured by this vessel consist of 1 small schooner, 1 sloop, 1 boat, 107 sacks of corn, 2 sacks of wheat, 1 sack of oats, 6 sacks of salt, 5 kegs of salt, 5 boxes of tobacco, 15 pair oyster tongs, 12 plows, 1 cultivator, 100 plow points, 46 plowshares, and 15 molding boards.”

Item description: “Report of Lieutenant-Commander Babcock, U.S. Navy, regarding the disposition of prizes taken in York and Severn rivers.”


To read more from the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion, click here.

Item citation: Official records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion. Series I, Volume 9. Washington : G.P.O., 1899. C970.75 U58no Ser. I, Vol. 9. North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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24 March 1864: “…as I mentioned yr name a flush spread over her and there was a momentary flash of the eye as if I was treading on forbidden ground.”

Item description: Letter, dated 24 (and 27) March 1864, from George S. Barnsley to Lancelot Minor “Lanty” Blackford.  Barnsley writes about his time as a surgeon in Richmond, and also discusses gossip regarding Blackford’s brother and a popular “Miss Jennie.”

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Item citation: From folder 86 in the Blackford Family Papers #1912, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

General Hospital No. 4

Richmond Va March 24 /64

My Dear Lanty,

By some evil chance your welcome let-ters always reach me just as I am on the eve of depar-ture.  I received your last of the 16th of Feby. on the morning of the 23rd of the same month, when I was packing my trunk for a trip to the South, to be present at the wedding of my sister, Julia; so sudden was the sum-mons to leave that I had not time to write you, and I took your letter home with me, but so much had I to do and such the constant demand for my company that I had not time to even dip my pen in the ink.  At this late day I fear that you will have lost the relish of hearing from me, but you must recollect that you were never out of my mind (and this reminds me, kind inquiries were made of you by my Father and sister).

March 27th Instead of recommencing this letter I will con-tinue tonight the same train of thought which was so un-ceremoniously snapped three days since.  Returning from my delightful visit home.  I found to my consternation that my services were no longer needed in this Hospital, and for a week nearly I was as it were at the mercy of the wind & waves; I am at last settled, however, in the Surgeon Genls Office, returning to my old posts in this happy cast of Fate. I consider myself particularly fortunate, as I am thus allowed to remain in the city where I can enjoy advantages for study.  I trust to be here everyday for one year, so if you come to Richmond ask for me in the S. G. O., to which office please direct your letters.

I know you are wondering that I delay so long to mention the name one whose presence is always with you. I called a few nights since to see Miss Jennie and found her looking remarkably well, the early rising of Lent having been of as much benefit as her previous trip to Charlottesville.  I have so recently returned I cannot yet ascertain who are her beaux – I think, however, the same that you know.  Rinckney, Dr. Baylor, and the tenacious Dobbin.  Poor dobbin has recently suffered a severe loss in the death of his brother, who was killed a few weeks since by an accident to the cars near Baltimore.  He has the warm sympathies of his many friends, for he is very much liked. Speaking of D., I cannot for the life of me understand the exact sentiments of Miss Jennie towards him – whether of earnest friendship or of that more enduring immaterial for which you strive and I have striven.  I was speaking the other evening of you to her and as I mentioned yr name a flush spread over her and there was a momentary flash of the eye as if I was treading on forbidden ground.  I did not pay any attention but continued to speak of having heard form you, when she mentioned having received two papers from you, and also said that she had re-cently received a letter from your brother at Wilmington; his letter, she continued, was sad and she thought that there was some ‘affaire de coeur.’ With regard to the rumor in regard to your brother I have heard nothing save from yourself.  I have been carefully casting about to see if anything had been said in the circle of your friends with whom I am acquainted, but the most delicate but forci-ble inquiry has elicited nothing; I am convinced thereforethat is such a slander exists elsewhere it is not known among them.  Had I heard I would been at once convinced of its falsehood and corrected the error, but now having your assertions and permission if any dares to breathe such an outrageous slander you may rest assured that his temerity will not go unpunished. [?] a friend I am always such, in prosperity, in adversity, their trials are mine, their joys my happiness, and their honor as dear to me as to themselves.  I write all this simply that you mind may be at ease, knowing that the matter will be of deep interest to myself, ans to persuade you that my discretion is such that the defense of your brother’s character is in good hands.  I destroy the private portion of your letter tonight.

Gen. Pegram is here, but leaves tomorrow for the army. He looks very well. Willie has recently been here and went back to the field as Lt. Col. of Artillery. [DeLean?] and Miss [Truxie?] have had what is so aptly called in vulgar parlance a “blow out”; he effect on the latter was at first very sad but like all the fair sex her recovery now seems to be promising. O! these femines how, but I won’t distress you in this short letter with any tirade on the sex as you may know that is my sore point.  Miss Page Walter was married a few days since to Mr. Page, and this bridal couple started on a wedding [tour?], but to their infinite grief they the cars stuck in the snow at some miserable station and they had to pass one happy night there at least.  Pierre Soule and Mrs. Stunnard are soon to be mar-ried, Coffee is about to fill his cup with substantial hap-piness,  about the first of next month, some say the first day but I expect that is an April fool.  They are to leave by a Flag of Truce boat [?] City Point for New York, where they cross the water to Europe etc. Dr. Trueheart pas-sed his examinations successfully and will [sourge?] before the Army Med. Board and get the position of Asst. Surg.  He sends his kind regards as does also your Cousin Lt. Blackford.  I shall leave mt room at this Hospital next Friday and live with my kind friends the Misses Myers on Broad St.

By recent regulations the gas is turned off by 2pm in this Hosp., and as it near that time I must finish an epistle which I hoped to have made interested if not long.  You must write me soon or I will be convinced that you are vexed with my delay. With many wishes for your success & happiness

I am your friend

Geo. S. Barnsley

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23 March 1864: “Considered a drawn fight.”

Item Description: In this diary entry of 23 March 1864, Kenneth Rayner Jones, then a lieutenant in the 27th North Carolina Regiment, described a snow fight between Cooke’s and Kirkland’s brigades. Twelve inches of snow had fallen the day before and the soldiers of the 27th first battled each other, then briefly engaged with the 46th before uniting with them to take on Kirkland’s brigade.






Item Citation:  Kenneth Rayner Jones Diary 4143z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

The right & left wings of the Reg. had a snow fight. About 8 o clock A. M. the left got the best. We soone found that the 46 wished to try us, for their skirmishers were in our camp. We formed what men we could, threw our skirmishers out & before the engagement began we were informed that the skirmishers from Kirkland’s Brig were in the camp of the 46. So we then formed the Regt as many as we could marched off in double quick to assist the 46 we soone became engaged, was not long before the Brigades were both engaged, after a severe struggle. A cessation of hostilities was asked for till 3 o clock was agreed to. We had driven them into their camp captured a good many prisoners also several flags. At 3 the Brigg’s were formed opposite each other in front of Gen Heths Hd. Qrs agreement to fight 1 hour. Skirmishers were thrown out, some 16 contests began & after a hard contest the struggle ceased. Considered a drawn fight.


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22 March 1864: “Negroes must not be connected with this in any manner whatsoever.”

Item Description:    Letter dated 22 March 1864, written by  George William Logan, about burying ammunition in secret stockpiles, with a note, “Negroes must not be connected with this in any manner whatsoever.”  George William Logan (1828-1896) served as a lieutenant colonel in the Confederate Army, 1862-1865.22March186422Item Citation:  Letter dated 22 March 1864, found in folder 24 in the George William Logan Papers #1560, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Sub-Dist. North La.
Columbia Mch 22nd ‘64


The Brig. Genl. Comdg. Directs that you proceed forthwith to bury those guns together with the solid shot. The powder & shells must be carried to Vernon. This must be kept a perfect secret. You will select the most loyal men of your Command for the occasion. Negroes must not be connected with this in any manner whatsoever. You will have the guns driven off (by white men) on some by road and, five or six hundred yards from the road, in some spot not entirely to be noticed, you will bury them. You will take the carriages seven or eight miles beyond the spot at which you leave the guns, take them to pieces & secrete them also.

You are further directed to place the oxen in charge of their respective drivers, & order them to report to these [?] You will proceed with your Command to Vernon and assume Command of that Post. You will act as Post Guard, for [?] Ms. Comp. & Ord. stores.

The order for the impressment of oxen is hereby revoked. No one save those connected with the above work are expected, in fact must not know any thing of the above transaction. The carriages driven off[?] must be the guns must be buried to night.

With Respect
Yr. Obt. Svt.
Geo. W. Logan [?]
Capt. & Chf. Artillery

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21 March 1864: “So by Father’s request I now write to inform you of the result of last Saturday’s election which terminated in you being elected.”

Item Description: Letter dated 21 March 1864 from Maggie Espey to her brother, Joseph Espey. In it, Maggie discusses Joseph’s victory in a local election, potentially getting him excused from his military duty as a result, the weather, her parents’ activities, and the leaving of slaves to join the Union. Joseph S. Espey, a member of Company D, 65th Georgia Volunteers stationed mainly in Tennessee and Georgia, was the son of Joseph and Jane Espey.

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Item Citation: Folder 3, Joseph Espey Papers, #03349-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Floyd Co. Ga. March 21st 1864

Mr. Jos S. Espey,

My beloved brother — I wrote to you the 10th & the 17th inst and now I endeavor to write again. We received no letter from you by the last mail. We then supposed you was waiting to write by Lt Griffin but we have nothing from you yet, So by Father’s request I now write to inform you of the result of last Saturday’s election which terminated in you being elected. Ben Grier had wrote to David Selman to ? his name at the election and he did so but only received one vote… Father is now aiming to go to Rome tomorrow to see something about how you will get off from the army or how the application is to be made for getting off. He expects now to in close the bond with this letter and send it to you to sign, and after that is done he don’t know what will be the next step until he gets further instructions. From what I have seen in print concerning the ?acts of congress I don’t think there is under the act any exempts over 17 and under 50 though from what I see of Gov Browns message to the legislature which is now in session if not lately convened, I am persuaded the civil officers and perhaps the newly organized militia will be held by the state authority. But I have said enough of this as I know nothing about it……. 

The weather has recently been very unsettled the pleasant days that almost persuaded us that spring had come has been followed by freezing winds and pure white snow_this morning the snow did not all disappear till nearly or quite 12 o’clock__ There is now said to a funding agent at Rome and also said there can be less than $100 funded or a bond procured for less. I received a letter from cousin Thos. Espy last week he was well and seemingly in good spirits but perhaps he has visited you ere this time as he spoke of doing so if he could find out where you was__ Father and Mother ? the mountain and spent four hours at Mr. Morgans yesterday they found them well. I spent the day very quietly at home…

I see it is printed that an army office has been established for the benefit of Gen Johnson’s army and persons sending letters there are recommended to direct to the army of Tenn instead of Dalton Ga but as my letters reach you duly I shall not change your address _ _ Since dinner Father and ? went out on the mountain to look for the hogs, they seen 4 of them they have been out to look after them several times and those 4 are the first and all they have seen since you was here. They went down the mountain and come off at coursing ? they found all well there and besides they found your kind letter of the  15 and 17 which I with much pleased twice read and we are happy to hear from you again especially to hear that you are well. I reckon I wrote all that is interesting last week concerning gas trip to Atlanta_ _ Mother says tell you she crossed the mountain yesterday and has been able to work all day to day so you have a right smart old mama yet_ _ and her love you must always doubly accept.. I have read what I had wrote when Father came in, to him and in adition to what is aforesaid concerning the Bond he says he is confident you will have to send the bond backt o Mr. Langston after you sign it but he intends getting Langston to write to you what instructions he can of what you will have to do. I believe this is all he said tell you concerning it _ _ _ One of Mrs. Ellisons sons was here to day the youngest or next to the youngest I think he had the fever_ on that Saturday night 3 of Mrs. Frankses negroes went off each one of them taking a mule with him they are supposed to have started to the Yankees Tom is the only one of the 5 boys that is left at home he I suppose ? thinks will not go. 2 of Richard Gainses_ Will and Jim are also gone they left on Saturday night too taking a horse a piece they are all supposed to have gone together Gainses succeeded in getting 4 pieces of meat from his smokehouse to take with them _ _ _Mr and Mrs Franks started on after them yesterday morning but they have not yet returned that I have heard of_ _ _ The relation here of the boys in your Co. are well so far as I know_ _ _ Eve are all well and I hope this will find you quite so. I must now close hoping you will excuse errors of all kinds and accept my best wishes both for your temporal and eternal welfare.

Affectionately Your sister Maggie

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20 March 1865: “…some of them has caused all to suffer by their disloyal talk and conduct.”

Item description: Letter, dated 20 March 1864, from James M. Plumlee to his mother. Plumlee describes camp life for the 25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, including food supplies and the reenlistment of his fellow soldiers, as well as rumors of dissent among Confederate troops in Appalachia.

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Item citation: From the James M. Plumblee Letter and Composition (#2576-z), Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Camp 25th NC Troops

March 20th 1864

My Dear Mother,

I this pleasant Sabbath will write you a few lines.  We have nothing new to tell you, but I am very well, and feel very thankful for it.  We never appreciate good health as we should untill sickness and disease overtake us.  we are getting along very well in our pleasant camp.  We have a fine Spring near at hand, and a very healthy situation for our camp, and we are in a fine Settlement.  The peo-ple are very kind to the soldiers.  We get plenty to eat at present, but some people write home that they are almost starving, which is not only false, but very foolish if it was true it would be not use to write it home, unless they had some chance to get something to eat from their friends there, and it causes their friends to be uneasy about them unnescessayerly, and it would be a source of unhappiness to me to cause my friends to think I was suffering at any time.  I do not think there is much danger of our soldiers suffering very much for something to eat, but no doubt some people at home will suffer this [summer?] in some places.

Our soldiers are very cheerful and hope-ful, and most of them are reenlisting for the war.  They say that they are willing to fight as long as our government will give them a quarter pound meat a day, and when they cannot furnish that, they will be willing to fight on dry-bread, until we gain our county cause, and independence.  Such soldiers as our’s can never be conquered, while we have such a glorious cause country, friends, relations, and home, everything that is near and dear to us on earth.  No! No! Not while we put our trust in Him who rules the destinies of nations.  It is true we have to endure hardships, privati-ons and suffering, but I have no idea that we will suffer as a people half what our fore-fathers did in the Revolutionary war.

Some of our soldiers are acting very badly in the mountains, as well as other places.  I hear that they are taking horses, coin, and evrthing. Well the people in that portion of the country has bought it on themselves, I mean some of them has caused all to suffer by their disloy-al talk and conduct.  They cause all the people to suffer, the innocent with the guilty.  But I hope there is a better day not far distant.  We will get cheering news I think in a few weeks.  But I will close, Remember me at a throne of grace.  Your affectionate son, John

P.S. I have not heard anything from sister Mary yet & have writen times received no answer.  If any of you hear from I ask you would let me kn-ow when you hear or whear you do hear fr-om them.

More about this item: James M. Plumblee (1830-1891) was a private in Company H of the 25th North Carolina Infantry Regiment during the Civil War.

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19 March 1864: “I have never yet met any of the negro soldiers and hope I never may.”

Item Description:  Letter, dated 19 March 1864, written by James Augustus Graham. James Graham served in the 27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America and lived until 1908.

[Transcription available below images.]

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Item Citation: From the James Augustus Graham Papers, #00283, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Camp 27th NC Inf’y
March 19th 1864

My Dear Mother,

I received Father’s letter by Tom Whitted four or five days ago, also the book and half soles for my boots for which I am very much obliged. I was sorry to learn from Father’s letter that you were not very well, and hope that you have entirely recovered your health by this time.

The box of shirts and socks sent by the Ladies Soldiers Aid Society of Hillsboro came after Maj. Webb had started home and I distributed them to the most needy in the Reg’t, as he requested me to attend to it if they came during his absence.

Furloughs in this army were stopped about a week ago as the Government needed all the transportation to bring up rations. I suppose that they will start again in a few days, but do not know; for the campaign may open at any time now. We have had pretty cold weather for a week past and there was a very slight fall of snow a day or two ago. It has been cloudy for a day or two and I expect we are going to have falling weather as it is pretty near time for the equinoctial storms.

I am glad to see that the exchange of prisoners has commenced again and hope it may continue, for if they should happen to catch me this summer I want to be exchanged as soon as possible, and would not like the idea of spending a year or two in some northern prison. 

I suppose that Johnny or Robert has given you a pretty full account of the engagement of Ransom’s Brigade with the Yankee negroes at Suffolk which was mentioned in the papers a few days ago. I have never yet met any of the negro soldiers and hope I never may.

Rev. Mr. Smith of Greensboro, who has been preaching for us for two or three weeks past, left last Monday.

I got a pr. of pants from the Q.M. a few days ago and will send one pr. of my blue pants home by the first opportunity.

I wish you would send me a pound or two of Candles by Maj. Webb. We have to give $1.50 to $2.00 for a single candle up here and very poor ones at that.

I must close. Love to all.
Write soon to 
Your affectionate Son
James A. Graham

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18 March 1864: “He is…I recon enjoying himself as well as could be expected with his arm off.”

Item Description: Letter, 18 March 1864, from Calvin Leach to his sister Louisa, updating her on his infantry’s movements and the conditions at his camp. Leach was born in 1843 and served as a church clerk in Montgomery County, N.C., before he joined the first North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America, in September 1861. He died near Mechanicsville, Va., in June 1864.

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Item Citation: From folder 4 of the Calvin Leach Diary and Letters #1875-z, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Camp 1st N.C. Infantry
Friday March 18th 64

Louisa afectionate sister,

I take my pen in hand to write you a few lines for I know if you could write you would be sure to write me a letter. I am well at this time wishing these few lines may reach you and find you all well.

I recon you was all very glad to see uncle Alexander come to see you. I hope he is staying with you yet. I would liked very much to have been at home myself, while he was there and talked with him. I was very glad to get his letter. When I got it I was down on picket and when … come I thought I would like to have been at the schoolhouse and heard Mr. McNeill preach.

I have nothing of any importance to write but I will write something maybe it should be interesting to you. Last Sunday a cold windy day and our brig was on picket and the soldiers as they would pass by they would have the wind blow off their hats and they had nothing else to do but pick up their hats. Their would be a few haw haws over it and all would be all right. Finally on Monday the 4th Brig (Louisianans) came to relieve us and about 2 oclock we started back to camp and the closer to camp we got the faster the men walked. And when I got almost to camp I stumped my toe and fell down but I had nothing else to do but get up and go on.

We got to camp and since then I have been enjoying the good of my cabin ever since. It has been tolerably cool weather lately and it seemed right pleasant to be in a cabin. The next day after I got to camp I washed my close  I washed them with the soap you sent me from home, that ought to last me all summer. I skinned my fingers some washing my close

I recon you would be glad to know how I am fairing in the eating line. I am doing very well. I have some of my ham & … yet my dried fruit and all my honey but one mess I took while I was on picket. We draw flour corn meal bacon rice sugar and coffe (the pure stuff) Molasses we can buy soda and can have very good bread we have a sack of rice on hand now and none of us will eat it if we had milk and butter to go with it and had it fired up in the right way we would eat it I wish you had it at home. It is probably we are fareing in some respects better than you are at home. 

The store coffee and sugar that we draw does me a great deal of good but I do not know how long we will draw it. I have me a boiler I carry with me on the march to make coffee in. I also cary me a little friar made of a half a canteen which I carry to fry my meat in. I have my knife spoon cup yet and expect to cary them through the summer if I should live. If you have a chance you might send me a piece of ham.

Rufus Jones got off home. He took my blanket but did not take my vest. I do not know where he will leave it he will probably leave it at Statesville. Martin Blaylock & Cranon have got back, furloughs are now stopped for a few days. Jo Price saw Purve Gilbreath and John Evans the other day. John went with the rest to shoot off his gun an he acknowledged that it scared him badly to shoot off his gun, they wear all laughing at him. Col Brown drilled us in double quick the other day, in Bat drill Mr Gaultney has gone to halifax county to see some of his friends

You recollect my writing about John Estes. I rec’d a letter from him written with his left hand. He is now going to school at home and I recon enjoying himself as well as could be expected with his arm off. I believe I have writen all I think of at present. I am as ever your brother


Tell uncle to keep me posted while he stays there hopeing he will recover his health soon again. my best wishes accompany him through the meager ways of coming life.

yours as ever,

C. Leach


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17 March 1864: “Those soldiers report everything quiett in the front they say they are on the hunt of two men that has stolen horses from their command…”

Item Description:  Letter dated 17 March 1864, from F. Margaret Espey to her brother Joseph S. Espey, a member of Company D, 65th Georgia Volunteers stationed mainly in Tennessee and Georgia, who was frequently ill and wrote of the medical care he received.  In this letter, F. Margaret Espey discusses confederate money, stories and updates from Confederate soldiers concerning stolen horses and confrontations with Yankees, their father’s seed potato crops, church, and family life.17March186417March18642Item Citation:  Letter dated 17 March 1864, in the Joseph Espey Papers, #3349-z, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item Transcription:

Texas Valley Geo March 17th, 1864

Mr. Jos S Espey – My much loved brother – I am again favored with the privilege of responding to your very kind & interesting letter of the 7th inst – which we duly received & read with much pleasure. I have long since learned to look for the arrival of our weekly mail with much interest – for I always expect something from you — I hardly know how to write in order to interest you for all that I can think of seems of such little importance. But however I will try to proceed & not be entirely void of interest – so before proceeding further I will state that we still all remain well – and I hope you are still in good health – - Cousin Jos returned home last Saturday – he had no difficulty in making the trip he had no counterfeit money in any he took he taken for several persons I don’t know how many or how much – he deposited the money & received certificates for it – - – - If you can’t do anything with what you have try and send it home & father says he will send or try to send it off – it is said that it can’t be taken in only even hundreds – perhaps you can put yours in with some person & make out another hundred – - There is two soldiers here to night that say they are just from Dalton & say that there is a [?] agent [?] there in the army if it be so you will perhaps have but little trouble in getting what you have fixed up. Those soldiers report everything quiett in the front they say they are on the hunt of two men that has stolen horses from their command – one of the horses stolen they say belonged to capt Coon of Cleveland Tenn – - – night before last a soldier staid here that said his home is in Lookout Valley near Mr Grayson he said he had just left there a few days ago & Mr Grayson’s family was well he says he was captured a few days after he returned from here & the Yankees made him take the oath & he is now at home – preparing to make a crop himself – - the soldier bringing this news represents Dade as being in a bad condition a great many Lincolnites there & not much to eat – - – - The yankee prisoner affair I mentioned last week – I understand was nothing or a little worse than nothing they I suppose had had a little too much liquor a head – so concluded to have a frolic & sent one of their own crowd on a head for the yankee – if their intention was to raise excitement I don’t think they was well paid for there trouble for there was but very little if any – - – - Last Saturday Father opened his seed potatoes & found them tolerable sound he ? 2 bushels for ourselves – there had been a great many wanting seed potatoes – so on Monday he devided out what few he had I think there was about 8 ½ bushels in all he sold them at $10 per bu – - – Judge Selman come up himself to get his share & Parson Austin came up himself for his & Mr. McKinney for his but I am rather unfortunate I went with Mrs. Griffin to Mr. Callahan’s to get her seed potatoes but they had rotted – so Father had to let her have a few, & the old widows came while we was gone Mrs. G staid here Monday night we spent the day very very pleasantly with Mrs. Callahan or at least what time we was there – while we was there Miss [?] Duke sent & got a half gallon of syrup for her weding which was to come off the next day I have not heard any more from it she was to marry a Mr. Beard a cousin to her – - – - [?] & me & Adaline went to church last Sabbath & Mr. Martin a very interesting sermon [?] you may find in the firs epistle of Jno 3rd chap & part of the 8 verse (For this purpose the son of God was manifested that he might destroy the works of the devil) There has been preaching at Armuchee every Sabbath in this month & there is an appointment there next Sabbath & the following one – Adaline & me call & spent an hour or too with Mrs. Buffington’s very pleasantly & then her Brother was there which of course made our visit more pleasant – - – By our last weeks mail I received a letter from cousin Sam he said he was in good health & cousin Jos Hargis also they was at Mobile when he wrote which was the 26 [?] – - – Aunt Amy was here last Tuesday they was all well then. The weather has been very cold this week for the season – I hope though you have been able to keep yourself comfortable – - Adaline sends her respects & the love of all of the family you will remember & much too – May you ever be guided in paths of pleasantness – is the desire of your humble but loveing sister

F Margaret Espey

PS March 18th We are all well this morning & Father is aiming to go to the Po. to day I hope you will excuse this poorly pened letter I am ever you loveing sister
Mrs. Go I think is looking for Lt if he comes we will expect a letter

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16 March 1864: “I believe that the recent legislation upon currency will temporarily inspire confidence in the people…”

Item description: Letter, dated 16 March 1864, from John L. Schon to John Kimberly in Chapel Hill.  The letter concerns Kimberly’s attempts to purchase supplies to be able to teach chemistry classes at the University of North Carolina, as well as family news and Schon’s opinions on the inflation of Confederate currency.

[transcription available below images]

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Item citation: From folder 44 in the John Kimberly Papers #398, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

Item transcription:

Atlanta, Ga,

March 16. 1864.

Dear Kimberly,

I received in due course of mail your letter of Feby 17th with its enclosure.

Enclosed I hand you your due bill for 860$ canceled  also $3.75.  Postage stamps in exchange for the currency $3.75 you sent me.

I have written twice to Mr. John F. Casey of Penton, Casey & Co. of Augusta, to whom your [cardey?] of nitric acid was consigned – he informs me that he has tried repeatedly to ship it by Rail, but the Road will not yet receive it, and the Express Co. will not take it upon any terms. to prevent the [intiation?] of his policy of insurance he was compelled to store the Carbon in a Drug House. I fear you can-not remove the Carbon from Augus-ta to Chapel Hill, unless you have some one to personally take charge of it.  If you think I can serve you in any way in reference to the removal  of the acid – [ante?] me.

I hope you have not inconvenienced yourself to remit me the $860.00 for I had made such arrangements that I could do without it.

My dear little John has been very ill with diptheria and Annie & I have felt great anx-iety about him – he is now however slowly convalescing  – he other youngster Maney is growing rapidly and bids fair to be a fine boy.  Tell Bettie i will write her in a few days.  Say to Mother that George & Bettie have gone to visit Mrs. Hayden.  James has not yet returned from Petersburg.  William is still in Dalton -he wrote me last week, that he was again comfortably quartered in his cabin.  Frank I heard from yesterday, he is still in Savannah under orders from Col. Walter A. A. Genl.

Nothing new here. You ask my opinion about the currency. I believe that the recent legislation upon currency will temporarily inspire confidence in the people, and for the while induce them to believe from heavy taxation, that the Government can & will pay its debts so long as this impression prevails prices of all articles (save those especially regulated by the law of demand and supply) will for months be reasonable, but will again increase as our circulation expands, for expand it will in effect, if [?] Mr. Menninger’s figures.

Confidentially I expect that 8 per cent, 7 per cent, and 6 per cent bonds will all be reduced to a level with 4 per cent bonds, and then consolidated, giving us a perma-nent material debt, as the English Consols, interest being paid regularly, but the principal never.  Give my love to Mother, Bettie, and the children.

Present my regards to the young ladies.  Let me hear from you soon.  With regards and best wishes

Yours truly

Jno. L. Schon


Prof. Jno Kimberly

Chapel Hill

No. Ca.




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