Tag Archives: African American soldiers

21 April 1864: “…to complete the victory and capture the enemy now badly whipped and scattered.”

Item description: Letter, dated 21 April 1864, from Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke to Lieutenant Colonel J. F. Belton, Assistant Adjutant General under Brigadier General S. B. Maxey.  The letter gives and account of recent military engagements, including the Battle … Continue reading

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14 April 1864: “There are about 100 Rebel prisoners here, to day they are out under guard (negroes) at work on the Fort.”

Item Description: Letter, written 14 April 1864 from Columbus, Kentucky, Fort Halleck. Edward Allen reports to his parents of a failed attempt of confederates to take the fort and African American union troops guarding Confederate prisoners of war. [Item transcription … Continue reading

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19 March 1864: “I have never yet met any of the negro soldiers and hope I never may.”

Item Description:  Letter, dated 19 March 1864, written by James Augustus Graham. James Graham served in the 27th North Carolina Infantry Regiment, Confederate States of America and lived until 1908. [Transcription available below images.] Item Citation: From the James Augustus Graham Papers, #00283, … Continue reading

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11 February 1864: “…should my life be spared through this war, I should so much like to have a little daughter to cheer our home.”

Item Description:  Letter dated 11 February 1864, from Samuel J. C. Moore to his wife, Ellen, describing  a skirmish at Morton’s Ford on the Rapidan River.  Samuel J. C. Moore, lawyer and planter of Berryville, Clarke County, Va., was an … Continue reading

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10 February 1864: “…Yankees remained out a week scouring the county over enrolling the negroes and taking a list of white folks who now-a-days are of secondary consideration, as Gen Butler says he would not give one colored soldier for two white ones.”

Item Description: Letter, dated 10 February 1864 from Louly Seawell to her cousin Nanny from “The Shelter.” The letter describes the capture of Nanny’s brother Hairston Watkins, who was held at Point Lookout, Maryland. Louly also describes the enrollment of African … Continue reading

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23 January 1864: “Colored troops, under General Wild, liberating slaves in North Carolina.”

Item description: Illustration, published in Harper’s Weekly on 23 January 1864, entitled “Colored troops, under General Wild, liberating slaves in North Carolina.” The illustration depicts the liberation of slaves in Camden County, North Carolina. Item citation: From the North Carolina … Continue reading

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25 December 1863: “the Boys have good time to day as it is Christmas I can not enjoy it myself…”

Item description: Letter, dated 25 December 1863, from Dexter S. Cowles to his “Dear Brother,” describing fighting conditions and weather near Vicksburg, Miss. He also discusses his difficulty communicating with family members, and notes the presence of African American regiments … Continue reading

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23 February 1863: “The negro soldiers have surpassed the expectations even of most of their friends.”

Item description: Letter, 23 February 1863, from Captain Edward W. Hooper (1839-1901) to Henry W. Foote. Capt. Hooper was serving on the staff of Gen. Rufus Saxton during the “Port Royal Experiment.” Item citation: Folder 1a in the Penn School Papers, #3615, Southern Historical … Continue reading

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26 January 1863: “…for my part I want them all free and I should like that the war was over for I would like to be at home…”

Item description: This letter, dated 26 January 1863, was written by Andrew Sproul to his wife in Ohio. Sproul, a private in the Union Army, describes activities near the mouth of the Yazoo River in Mississippi. Of particular interest are … Continue reading

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