Tag Archives: slavery

7 March 1863: “Having determined to sell my Negroes (except some half dozen old ones, whom I shall keep at the Grove to take care of the premises, and my house servants).”

Item description: Entry, dated 7 March 1863, from the diary of John Berkley Grimball, rice planter of Charleston and the Colleton District, S.C. Grimball’s diary documents that, prior to the Civil War, Grimball owned 70 or 80 slaves and controlled the activities … Continue reading

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27 February 1863: “Dear Master and Mistress, I will send you a few lines to inform you I am not well but I still get along building stockades.”

Item description: Letter dated 27 February 1863 from a slave, Thomas, in Mount Shell, Tenn., to his master, J. M. Oaty, asking him to get a substitute for him in the building of a stockade. Item citation: From folder 17 … Continue reading

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20 January 1863: “400 lbs cotton – For the hire of Milly & Rose the present year we or either of us promise to deliver”

Item description: Contract, signed 20 January 1863, for the hire of two slaves, Milly and Rose, entered into by L.J. Ellinor and William Ellinor. Item citation: From folder 40 in the William Francis Martin Papers, #493, Southern Historical Collection, The … Continue reading

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19 January 1863: “Jack and family I left at Mocksville Venus was not in a condition to be moved…”

Item description: Letter, 19 January 1863, from John A. Campbell to William S. Pettigrew. The letter details Campbell’s attempts to move and hire out Pettigrew’s slaves in and around Winston, North Carolina. Item Citation: From folder 261 of the Pettigrew … Continue reading

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16 January 1863: “Allen informs me that himself and his family have not, as yet, received all the clothing due them for the past year.”

Item description: Letter, 16 January 1863, from William S. Pettigrew to Dr. A. Palmer regarding the hire of a family of Pettigrew’s slaves. Item Citation: From folder 261 of the Pettigrew Family Papers #592, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University … Continue reading

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4 January 1863: “For such a servant, I would gladly give $2500.”

Item description: Letter, 4 January 1863, from Jeremy Francis Gilmer to his wife Louisa Fredericka Alexander Gilmer. More about Jeremy Francis Gilmer: Jeremy Francis Gilmer was born in Guilford County, N.C., on 23 February 1818. He entered the United States … Continue reading

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9 December 1862: “They will allow no negroes to pass out of town with or without passes.”

Item description:  Special order 30, dated 9 December 1862, relating to impressment of slave labor. Item citation:  From the T. L. Clingman Papers, #157, Southern Historical Collection, The Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Item transcription: Head Quarters Wilmington, … Continue reading

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14 October 1862: “I was also informed that his negroes were very much averse to leaving, and that 30 of them had run away, in consequence of their having been informed by the disloyal men around them”

Item description: Two letters, dated 14 October 1862, from William Pettigrew. One letter is to his brother Charles Pettigrew and the other letter is to an unknown recipient, possibly a Mr. Bryan. After the fall of Roanoke Island in 1862, William and … Continue reading

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11 October 1862: “Capt. Craddock will please carry my negroes as far up as Rocky Mount”

Item description: Letter, 11 October 1862, from William S. Pettigrew to Captain James Craddock, making plans to meet in Rocky Mount, N.C., so that Pettigrew could take possession of his slaves. [Please see the post for 1 October 1862 for more information … Continue reading

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8 October 1862: “you are therefore commanded to take the boddy of the said negro slave Lee and cause him to appear before me or some other Justice of the Peace…”

Item description: Two warrants, executed by Felix Johnson, a justice of the peace for Surry County, N.C., for the arrest of slaves accused of stealing leather from a tannery. The warrants are annotated to indicate the judgment and punishment that … Continue reading

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