|“At 19.58 hours on 30 Jul, 1942, the unescorted Cranford was hit by one torpedo
from U-155 about 250 miles east-southeast of Barbados, as she was proceeding on
a nonevasive course at 8.6 knots because of a lack of fuel and daylight conditions.
“The torpedo struck on the starboard side between #2 and #3 holds. Her cargo
caused the ship to sink bow first within three minutes. The complement of nine
officers, 27 men and 11 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 3in, four .50cal
and two .30cal guns) left the ship in one lifeboat and two rafts, but most men
had to jump overboard. Six officers (among them the master), three crewmen and
two armed guards died.
“U-155 surfaced, questioned the survivors and asked them if they could do anything
for them. Two injured survivors were treated on board the U-boat, and water,
supplies and directions to land were given before U-155 left. Several hours after the
sinking the survivors were picked up by the Spanish steam tanker Castillo Alemenara
and landed at Curaçao on 3 August.”
— From a U.S. Navy account (uboat.net) of the torpedoing of the
S.S. Cranford, a merchant ship carrying chrome ore and cotton to the U.S.
I’m struck by the U-boat crew’s polite treatment of survivors — do
Miscellany readers know if this was typical?
Pictured: Pinback button distributed at launching of S.S. Cranford