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“….Moderate, fraternal-minded or skittish Klansmen… had no stomach for the vituperative anti-Catholicism promoted by Klan lecturers…

“Even some hooded officials harbored reservations about the bigoted logic of white Protestant nationalism….In 1927, Imperial Wizard [Hiram Wesley] Evans tried to force North Carolina Klan officials to place bills before the state legislature invalidating ‘prenuptial agreements regarding education of children’ in mixed Catholic-Protestant marriages and outlawing membership in the Catholic Church and the Knights of Columbus. Tar Heel Klansmen rebelled against the directive, and some cut their ties with the national organization….”

— From “One Hundred Percent American: The Rebirth and Decline of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s” by Thomas R. Pegram (2011)

 

It’s summer in the south and that means fresh fruit!  So run to your local farmers market or grocer, grab your favorite fruit, and try out a new to you recipe.

USED 7-9-15 Fruit cocktail poem - Kitchen Kapers

 

Fruit Cocktail poem from Kitchen kapers.

USED 7-9-15 Fruit Cocktails - Nightingales in the Kitchen

Fruit Cocktail from Nightingales in the kitchen.

USED 7-9-15 Cantaloupe Pond Lilies - Heavenly Delights

Cantaloupe Pond Lilies from Heavenly delights.

USED 7-9-15 Blueberry Pineapple Float-Cooking with Berries

Blueberry-Pineapple Float from Cooking with berries.

Watermelon Ice - Pass the Plate

Watermelon Ice from Pass the plate : the collection from Christ Church.

USED 7-9-15 Pear Relish - A Taste of the Old and the New

Pear Relish from A Taste of the old and the new.

USED 7-9-15 Broiled Grapefruit - Given to Hospitality

Broiled Grapefruit from Given to hospitality : a cook book.

USED 7-9-15 Cold Peach Soup - Pass the Plate

Cold Peach Soup from Pass the plate : the collection from Christ Church.

“Black codes and slave courts in the North American colonies, like those in the Caribbean, focused intensely on protecting the bodies of slaves while masking the extremities of mutilation….

“In John Haywood’s A Manual of the Laws of North Carolina (1808), a person would be judged ‘guilty of willfully and maliciously killing a slave’ except when the slave died resisting his master or when ‘dying under moderate correction.’

“To style the ‘correction’ of a slave that causes death ‘moderate’ is to assure that old abuses and arbitrary acts would continue to be masked by vague standards and apparent legitimacy.”

— From “Cruel and Unusual: The end of the Eighth Amendment” by Joan Dayan at Boston Review (Oct. 7, 2004)

 

“….In their reactions to last week’s call by the Pasquotank NAACP to remove a Confederate monument from the county courthouse property, several Pasquotank commissioners said the Civil War was fought more over the issue of states’ rights than slavery.

“That’s just not so, said Michael Hill, a historian with the North Carolina Office of Archives and History, who called the states’ rights justification for the South’s secession a ‘bogus argument’….

“ ‘That debate was long settled among historians,’ Hill said in a phone interview. ‘Slavery was central to the debate that preceded the war.’

“Hill said that when Southern states declared their causes for seceding from the Union, many said point-blank it was because of the North’s perceived hostility to slaveholding. Shortly after the Civil War ended in 1865, he said, many Southern leaders and writers tried to redefine, and even rename, the Civil War — one of those names was in fact the ‘War Between the States’ — but he said there’s no doubt about the ‘centrality of slavery’ in causing the war…”

— From “Historian: Slavery, not states’ rights, caused Civil War” by Jon Hawley in the Elizabeth City Daily Advance (July 4)

Of course, this misconception isn’t limited to northeastern North Carolina.

 

” ‘I suppose you have already heard of the woman’s rights convention a few weeks ago in Worcester, [Mass.]’ Benjamin Sherwood Hedrick of North Carolina told his fiancee, Ellen Thompson. ‘I used to think all that was said about such things was mere talk. But there are a number of persons now in Cambridge who were at that the other day.

” ‘The members and delegates are mostly of that peculiar class, called sometimes for distinction “old maids.” These individuals abound more at the North than at the South. What is the reason I cannot tell.’ ”

– FromConjectures of Order: Intellectual Life and the American South, 1810-1860″ by Michael O’Brien (2004)

 

“The ‘Seattle’ phenomenon spawned a series of imitators in the music press…. For some time, Chapel Hill appeared to enjoy frontrunner status and a spate of pieces appeared touting central North Carolina as the place to watch….

“The most notable of the Chapel Hill pieces was certainly Mr. Eric Konigsberg’s for Details…. Konigsberg does yeoman’s work in fabricating a Chapel Hill to suit his fantasies: ‘In the Chapel Hill-Raleigh-Durham triangle of sleepy, left-leaning college towns, English lit students argue structuralism on their front porches while listening to hardcore songs like “Wheel-chair Full of Old Man.” ‘

“Yes, Chapel Hill, Raleigh, and Durham are in fact replicas of the same town…. Amazing that the fiction of them being distinct municipalities endured so long. And never mind that structuralism has not been a topic of compelling academic interest for 30 years, because state law does in fact mandate that the graduate stipend for studying literature include a house with a front porch….”

— From “Brain Dead in Seattle: A Jeremiad” by Eric Iversen in the Baffler (1993)

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On this day in 1985: A 20-year-old Kill Devil Hills man pleads guilty to 48 counts of misdemeanor theft — of license plates. After receiving numerous complaints from victimized vacationers, police deduced the thief’s quest to collect all 50 states and successfully baited him with a Hawaii plate attached to an unmarked car.

h/t On This Day in Outer Banks History by Sarah Downing (2014)

 

“The Chapel Hill [town council’s post World War I] report commented that ‘No single thing showed the patriotic spirit of the people of Orange County during the war than the cheerful way in which they carried out the irksome rules and regulations of the Food Administration’….

“The report describes how the county food administration decided that no farmers would be allowed to thresh their wheat before July 1. Although most threshermen acceded to this directive, one or two did not. The report calls this a violation of the law and states that the men pled guilty but then voluntarily contributed to the Red Cross, so charges were dropped. Since not even Herbert Hoover, the head of the federal Food Administration, could issue edicts with the force of law, one wonders what exactly the two threshermen had been charged with….”

— From “Rich Man’s War, Poor Man’s Fight: Race, Class, and Power in the Rural South” by Jeanette Keith (2004)

The July 1 restriction surely has something to do with maximizing production — does anyone know exactly what?

 

ElkinWoolenMills

We see a lot of interesting images here at North Carolina Historic Newspapers, like this sheep advertising the Chatham Manufacturing Company of Elkin. My interest was piqued, and I set out to learn more about the company behind the ad.

Founded in 1877 through a partnership between Alexander Chatham and his brother-in-law, Thomas Lenoir Gwyn, the company evolved from a single wool carding machine operation to the largest single unit woolen mill in the world by the 1950s.

In 1890, Alexander Chatham bought out Thomas Lenoir Gwyn’s share of their company, which at the time was named Elkin Woolen Mills. In the same year, Alexander Chatham’s eldest son, Hugh Gwyn Chatham, assumed leadership of the company.

In the 19th century most of the company’s raw material came from the area surrounding Elkin, with local farmers bringing their wool in to have it spun into blankets. Eventually Chatham Manufacturing acquired wool from such distant locales as New Zealand, Australia, and South America as production demand exceeded local supply.

The company is most widely known for its Chatham Blankets, of which it contributed millions for solders’ bedrolls during World War I and World War II. Chatham manufacturing also produced upholstery for cars, beginning in 1936 with fabric for the Packard Motor Company. Other products included baby blankets, men’s suiting fabric and sportswear woolens, among others. By the 1950s there was a United States Custom port of entry operating in Elkin to support the company’s volume of imports.

In 1988 Northern Feather, a Danish textile firm, bought Chatham Manufacturing and the company passed out of family hands.

To learn more about Chatham Manufacturing, its employees, and life in Elkin during the reign of this American manufacturing powerhouse, check out:

The Chatham Blanketeer

Chatham blankets : Chatham blankets, Chatham baby blankets, men’s homespun suitings, automobile fabrics, sportswear woolens

Our history : a photographic sketch

Mr. Chatham’s mill : a tiny textile plant four generations ago, Chatham Manufacturing Company is now a leading producer of blankets and other fabrics.

Thurmond Chatham Papers, 1898-1956

Summer has come to the Tar Heel State with a bang.  With temps in the upper 90s and heat indexes to the 100s, you could fry an egg on the sidewalk!

USED 6-25-15 Egg Dishes Poem - Federation of Home Demonstration Clubs Favorite Recipes

Poem from Favorite recipes.

USED 6-25-15 eggs in tomato cups - What's Left is Right

Baked Eggs in Tomato Cups from What’s left is right : what to do with leftovers when you’re desperate.

USE Chili puffed eggs - Buffet Benny's

Chili Puffed Eggs from Buffet Benny’s family cookbook : recipes, stories & poems from the Appalachian Mountains.

USED 6-25-15 Gourmet luncheon eggs - Classic Cookbook of Duke Hospital

Gourmet Luncheon Eggs from Classic cookbook.

USE Carassa eggs - Carolina Cooking

Carassa Eggs from Carolina cooking.

USE Vegetable Scramble - Love Yourself Cookbook

Vegetable Scramble from Love yourself cookbook : easy recipes for one or two.

USE Eggs with Olives and Cheese - Waldensian Cookery

Eggs with Olives and Cheese from Waldensian cookery.

 

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