Monthly Archives: April 2011

20 April 1861: “This is probably the first flag raised, on which N. Carolina has been numbered with the seceding states.”

Item description: Letter, Edward Hall Armstrong to Thomas G. Armstrong, Chapel Hill, N.C., 20 April 1861. Edward Hall Armstrong, of Wilmington, N.C., was a student at the University of North Carolina from 1858 to 1861. On 20 April 1861, he … Continue reading

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19 April 1861: Articles from The Daily Journal (Wilmington, North Carolina)

Item description: A selection of articles from The Daily Journal (Wilmington, North Carolina) for 19 April 1861. Topics discussed are: laborers wanted for work at Fort Caswell, mobilization of troops, a report of a song that was performed in Montgomery, … Continue reading

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18 April 1861: “Special cars will always be provided and set apart, and it is requested that the Troops will occupy these alone…”

Item description: General order. North Carolina Railroad Company. Item citation: North Carolina Railroad Company. “General Order.” [Company Shops?, N.C.: The Railroad, 1861]. North Carolina Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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17 April 1861: Two stereo views of Fort Sumter

Item description: Two stereo views depicting the interior of Fort Sumter following the 14 April 1861 surrender of the fort. These pictures are attributed to the Charleston photographic establishment of “Osborn & Durbec’s Southern Stereoscopic and Photographic Depot,” operated by … Continue reading

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16 April 1861: “But I do warn you that the reign of terror, already inaugurated in Washington, stands, this day, as a despotic example before the country…”

Item Description: Editorial written anonymously by a “southern spy” criticizing the newly elected Abraham Lincoln’s decision to call for federal troops to put down the rebellion in the South. Item Citation: From catalog #2824 Conf. in the Rare Book Collection, … Continue reading

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15 April 1861: “You can get no troops from North Carolina…”

Item description: Telegram of 15 April 1861 from United States Secretary of War Simon Cameron to North Carolina Governor John W. Ellis requesting that Ellis deploy two regiments of North Carolina troops into service, together with what appears to be … Continue reading

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14 April 1861: “Lewis went down yesterday afternoon and returned today by an express train, he brings us news that Fort Sumpter is given up, after a gallant defence”

Item description: Entry, 14 April 1861, from Margaret Ann Meta Morris Grimball’s diary which discusses the surrender of Fort Sumter and comments extensively on family news. Item citation: From the the Margaret Ann Meta Morris Grimball Diary #975-z, Southern Historical … Continue reading

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13 April 1861: “Should Fort Sumter haul down the U.S. flag the Batteries will cease firing…”

Item description: Order issued by Brigadier General James Simon during the bombardment of Fort Sumter outlining procedures to be followed when and if the Fort lowered its flag. Item citation: From the Wilmot G. DeSaussure Order-Book #3330-z, Southern Historical Collection, … Continue reading

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12 April 1861: “Be careful also not to fire too fast…”

Item description: Order issued during the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Charleston, S.C., on 12 April 1861 regarding the frequency of mortar shells to be fired onto the Fort. Item citation: From the Wilmot G. DeSaussure Order-Book #3330-z, Southern Historical Collection, … Continue reading

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