On September 21, 2019 a group of Community-Driven Archives (CDA) team members and students from the Public History graduate program led by Dr. Charles Johnson at North Carolina Central University (NCCU) drove to Princeville, NC to conduct oral histories. We partnered with life-long citizens, town officials, and long-time residents of the Princeville community to collect stories and workshop the Archivist in a Backpack oral history backpacks.
This collaboration between the CDA team, NCCU, and Dr. Glenda Knight, our contact in Princeville and mayor pro tem, came about from a charrette, a type of focus group, held in Durham, NC over the summer. Dr. Knight helped organize the event and found space for us in the temporary Princeville town hall, located in nearby Tarboro. Though it was spared the brunt of Hurricane Florence, Princeville is still recovering from Hurricane Matthew in 2016 and Hurricane Floyd in 1999; hence, our Tarboro location.
Princeville is the oldest African American incorporated town and is one of our grant partners from the Historic Black Towns and Settlements Alliance (HBTSA). Princeville was founded by a group of formerly enslaved people and incorporated in 1885. Originally called Freedom Hill, the name was changed to reflect the work of Turner Prince within the town. Princeville remains a predominantly African American town, containing significant historical narratives. However, like many other African American towns, it suffers from racial, economic, and governmental prejudice and neglect.
Adreonna Simmons, a student interviewer, reflects on her conversations with Dr. Porter, a life-long resident:
During our time in Princeville, I had the pleasure of interviewing a woman who had been a life-long resident of the town. She shared stories about growing up in a close-knit community and how it shaped her into the woman she is today. She reminisced on her time in college and proudly told why she returned to her hometown when most college graduates would have moved on to bigger cities. Despite these pleasantries, it was how Hurricane Floyd and Hurricane Matthew impacted her and the community of Princeville that stuck out to me. Dr. Porter’s home was destroyed twice due to these hurricanes and Princeville’s proneness to flooding. At our roundtable discussion about the project, with tears in her eyes, she explained how having to build from the ground up once only to be in the same situation 15 years later was difficult and enough to make anyone lose hope. Some of the residents interviewed hoped that their stories would serve as a narrative for Princeville and [that] the devastation that they have been dealing with for decades due to a lacking dam and drainage system would be addressed by the State legislature. These oral histories show the side of history that is often forgotten and gives voices to those that for too long have been silenced.
Interviewees were honest about the struggles in Princeville. But equally evident is the pride and love community members have for their town.
Princeville has a lot of hidden things. And I guess one other thing. I often tell my husband, because he wasn’t born and raised here in Princeville, and so he’s not too excited at going back after being flooded two times. But I tell him that’s because you weren’t born and raised here. It makes a lot of difference to me. When you’re born and raised in a place, it makes a lot of difference. To me it makes the whole world of a difference.– Dr. Porter
Our work in Princeville was part oral history collection and part training. We left three backpacks in Princeville for the community to use and we will return in a few months to gather the histories saved on audio recorders. Those recordings will be sent to the town and, eventually, there will be a plan about what to do with the new and growing collection. We discussed having a history harvest and look forward to getting community feedback and returning to Princeville.