Artifact of the Month: Ticket to Cleveland County Negro Fair

From the Lew Powell Collection

This ticket to the Cleveland County Negro Fair, July’s Artifact of the Month, highlights a little known part of North Carolina history, African American agricultural fairs.

Agricultural fairs held by and for African Americans took place in North Carolina starting in Wilmington in 1875. The largest and best-known African American fair in the state was the Negro State Fair.  Organized by the North Carolina Industrial Association, the Negro State Fair was held annually in Raleigh beginning in 1879.  Charles Norfleet Hunter, a former slave, educator, and well-known activist, led the formation of the North Carolina Industrial Association.  He believed that in order to gain equal rights, African Americans must prove their worth to whites and highlight the value that black citizens contributed to the state and its economy.

Charles N. Hunter (ca. 1851-1931). Review of Negro Life in North Carolina with My Recollections. Raleigh, N.C.: C.N. Hunter, 1925.

The Negro State Fair was modeled on the North Carolina State Fair but was smaller in scale.  In 1890, the North Carolina Agricultural Society, which hosted the North Carolina State Fair, allowed use of its fairgrounds and facilities to the Negro State Fair and the state eventually allotted $500 in annual funding.  The North Carolina Industrial Association successfully ran the fair until 1930, three years after the state pulled its funding.

As legal segregation grew in the South in the 1890s and African Americans were excluded from attending many North Carolina fairs, African American fairs became increasingly important for their communities and provided a venue for African Americans to show their accomplishments and instill community pride.  Even after the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, which made segregation illegal, some African American fairs continued.  The Cleveland County Negro Fair provides an example of this.  Founded in 1927, the Fair ran through at least 1966, the date of this ticket.

To learn more about the history of agricultural fairs in North Carolina, visit the North Carolina Collection Gallery’s current exhibition “Meet Me on the Midway: Three Centuries of Fairs in North Carolina” on display now through October 31, 2017.

3 thoughts on “Artifact of the Month: Ticket to Cleveland County Negro Fair”

  1. Very interesting indeed! When my grandmother passed away I found a pristine booklet for the Cleveland County Negro fair c.1955

    How she came across it, I’m not sure!

  2. Thanks for this!

    I am writing a middle grade novel set in 1959-1960. 4H Clubs and dairy cow demonstration figure into my story.

    I am interested in learning more about Negro Agricultural Fairs in 1959. Do you have any record of such a fair being held in Catawba County that year or would a black individual have participated in the Cleveland County one or some other nearby Negro fair?

    Thank you for any help you can give me.

  3. Joyce,
    That’s an interesting question. But it’s one that may require some research. Please contact our Research and Instructional Services staff. They may be able to get your started by sharing a few resources that could help. The department’s email address is .

    John Blythe
    Assistant Curator
    North Carolina Collection

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