Non-slaveholders reconsider war

“Some upcountry non-slaveholding whites had already become disillusioned fighting the slaveholders’ war.

Alexander H. Jones of eastern North Carolina helped organize the 10,000-man Heroes of America, which laid an ‘underground railroad’ for White Unionists in Confederate territory to escape.

“‘The fact is,’ Jones wrote in a secret antiracist circular referring to the rich planters, that ‘these bombastic, highfalutin aristocratic fools have been in the habit of driving negroes and poor helpless white people until they think…. that they themselves are superior….”

— From “Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America” by Ibram X. Kendi (2016)

Hinton Helper’s view of South hasn’t lost relevance

“The book and the author have long been forgotten in popular memory. But [Hinton Rowan] Helper’s Impending Crisis of the South is the only book other than Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin that historians have kept in their bag of causes of the Civil War….”

— From “Confederate Monuments and the Forgotten Warning of a Crisis to Come” by Ibram X. Kendi in Time (June 26)