“Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore [in “Gender and Jim Crow”] recounts a debate on a summer night in 1901 in Charlotte, North Carolina, between two well-educated young women, Addie Sagers and Laura Arnold, on the topic ‘Is the South the Best Home for the Negro?’
“Sagers argued against going North, where, she said, the only jobs open to blacks were ‘bell boy, waiter, cook or house maid,’ and where Northern unions excluded blacks from their ranks. Arnold, her debate opponent, railed against the violence, segregation and disenfranchisement of blacks in the South. She agreed that ‘the unknown was frightening,’ but added, ‘if the Puritans could cross the oceans in small boats, surely North Carolina’s African-Americans could board northbound trains.’
“Gilmore notes that Arnold’s ‘received more points than any other speech that night.’ Two weeks later, Arnold ‘took her own advice and moved to Washington, D.C.’ ”
— From “The Warmth of Other Suns” by Isabel Wilkerson (2010)
Several new titles just added to “New in the North Carolina Collection.” To see the full list simply click on the link in the entry or click on the “New in the North Carolina Collection” tab at the top of the page. As always, full citations for all the new titles can be found in the University Library Catalog and they are all available for use in the Wilson Special Collections Library.
“Another nativist group drawing considerable attention was the Vindicator Association, an anti-immigration movement fostered by Senator Robert Reynolds, who became chairman of the Senate Military Affairs Committee in 1941.
“A conservative Democrat from North Carolina, Reynolds was a passionate isolationist and Anglophobe, one of the few Southerners in Congress holding those views. He had created the Vindicators, he said, to keep America out of war, stop all immigration for at least 10 years and ‘banish all isms but Americanism.’ Young people were encouraged to join the association’s ‘border patrol’ and catch ‘alien criminals,’ receiving $10 a head for each one they nabbed….
“Reynolds bristled at any suggestion that his association was anti-Semitic. ‘We’re just anti-alien,’ he told a reporter. ‘I want our own fine boys and lovely girls to have all the jobs in this wonderful country.'”
— From “Those Angry Days: Roosevelt , Lindbergh and America’s Fight Over World War II, 1939-1941” by Lynne Olson (2013)
“The Southern bloc in Congress drew up a ‘Declaration of Constitutional Principles’ (otherwise known as the Southern Manifesto) voicing opposition to Brown [vs. Board of Education]….
“Two of the North Carolina congressmen who declined to sign the manifesto, Charles Deane and Thurmond Chatham, were defeated in the Democratic primary in May 1956…. The state’s third nonsigner, Harold Cooley, survived by campaigning against the court decision….
“The defeat of Deane and Chatham drew headlines across the country….The lessons were clear enough. Question segregation, and you would be severely punished by the voters.”
— From “The Paradox of Tar Heel Politics” by Rob Christensen (2008)
“Elizabeth City State University… is talking about ending seven undergraduate degree programs because of state funding declines and enrollment shortfalls….
“Carol Geary Schneider, president of the Association of American Colleges and Universities, said the proposed cuts were ‘shocking and potentially debilitating,’ but she was especially concerned that an HBCU would deplete its capacity to teach history.
” ‘Nothing is more fundamental than history to students’ understanding of their roles and responsibilities as citizens of this diverse and still decidedly unequal democracy,’ she said. ‘Cutting out history means cutting out both memory and hope.’
“Elizabeth City was founded a quarter-century after the Civil War for the purpose of ‘teaching and training teachers of the colored race to teach in the common schools of North Carolina.’
” ‘We’re talking about a university whose primary mission has been the education of African-American Southerners,’ said James Grossman, executive director of the American Historical Association, ‘and to say to those students and to their parents and to the community that history is not important is deeply tragic.’ ”
— From “The End of History?” by Ry Rivard at Inside Higher Ed (Oct. 29, 2013)
Update: More protests against ECSU’s
laying waste to “right sizing” its history curriculum.
On this day in 1864: Capt. Conley of the 101st Pennsylvania Volunteers, escaped prisoner of war, describes the Union sympathizers with whom he is hiding in Transylvania County:
“We found them to be rugged stalwart mountaineers; most of them had little culture, but . . . seemed to be determined to die rather than serve in the rebel army. All the men who were liable to military duty and consequently to conscription, spent most of their time in the woods, only coming home for supplies. All of them were heavily armed. I met a number of men here who carried, each, two guns and two revolvers.
“Posses of rebels had frequently been sent in there to hunt up these people, but had almost invariably met with defeat, as these mountaineers would band together and ambush them. We were told that they also tried to capture them with bloodhounds, but that also proved a failure; as not one bloodhound brought in ever got out alive.
“I have never anywhere else known such bitterness as existed between neighbors here. The persecution and hardship that the Union men had been subjected to, very naturally, brought a spirit of retaliation. It was not unusual, as we learned, for persons to be waylaid, and assassinated when passing along the public highways.”