When whites sought to gerrymander black voters

“In some states in the early years… Redeemers [Southern Democrats after Reconstruction] gerrymandered black strength into restricted areas and conceded certain offices to blacks in return for other offices for whites ….

“In North Carolina, the Redeemers created the ‘Black Second’ Congressional District to absorb a great portion of black votes in the state. In 1888 the Black Second elected the state’s first Negro Congressman, Henry Cheatham.”

— From “A Rage for Order: Black/White Relations in the American South since Emancipation” by Joel Williamson (1986)