Another North Carolina First

We all know that North Carolina claims a lot of “firsts.” In fact, we blogged about it last year, “First In Digital?“. I have to admit that I found one recently that I did not know. Instead of telling you what it is, however, I’ll turn it into a trivia question. This “first” involves the soldier pictured below; can you tell me what it is?

By the way, I haven’t verified the claim. Maybe one of our readers knows more?

Map Postcards on NCPC

A while back we uploaded this WWI postcard printed by the Raleigh Canteen Red Cross Service to the North Carolina Postcards website.  I love that it shows distances to other military camps and cities radiating out from Raleigh – including Camp Grant in my home town of Chicago, IL, approximately 1500 miles from Raleigh.

There are several other map postcards in our digital collection, and you can view them here, including another WWI map postcard, here.

Pop-Culture Profile: Zach Galifianakis

This Friday, The Hangover opens in theaters.  The movie’s cast features several hilarious actors, including one comedian with a North Carolina pedigree.  Zach Galifianakis, who plays the role of Alan, grew up in western North Carolina and later attended NC State, but didn’t graduate after failing his last college course by a single point.  He moved to New York City where he began his career in comedy and acting.

Two other interesting (and appropriately miscellaneous) facts about Zach Galifianakis:

Zach’s uncle, Nick Galifianakis, ran against Senator Jesse Helms in 1972.  The image below is of Nick Galifiniakis’ campaign buttons, which cleverly spread his long last name over two buttons in a not-so-subtle response to the Helms’ campaign slogan “Jesse Helms:  He’s one of us.”

And in 2007, Zach directed and starred in an alternate music video for Kanye West’s song “Can’t Tell Me Nothing,” which was filmed in North Carolina on Galifianakis’ farm.

Input Needed To Redesign State Library’s eNCyclopedia

The eNCyclopedia was developed by the State Library of North Carolina over a decade ago to assist students with frequently asked questions about North Carolina for school assignments. It may be viewed online at:

It has since expanded to include other topics about which the State Library frequently receives questions.

The State Library is beginning the process of overhauling the eNCyclopedia. Content, appearance, and functionality are all being addressed. The process will be an ongoing one and changes will be prioritized based on feedback from users.

The general survey may be found online at:

A separate survey for students in the 4th through 12th grades is available at:

The surveys will be open through Sunday, June 21, 2009.

William Howard Taft Visits North Carolina

Following on the previous discussion of presidents visiting UNC, we’ll share two political buttons from William Howard Taft’s visit to Wilmington in 1909. The buttons come from the Lew Powell Memorabilia Collection.

According to Mr. Powell, Taft enjoyed a “cruise to Fort Caswell, a military parade featuring an arch across North Front Street inscribed “Welcome to ‘The Land of the Long Leaf Pine,'” and an automobile tour of the city.” Reporting on the president’s visit, the Wilmington Morning Star called the occasion “a magnificent success in every detail, doing credit even to a city of many times its size.”

James Buchanan Visits UNC

Although Barack Obama’s pre-presidential pick up game against the eventual 2009 men’s basketball national champions is probably better known these days, a sitting president visited UNC in 1859: James Buchanan. Read about this visit at Harry McKown’s most recent installment of “This Month in North Carolina History — James Buchanan visits the University of North Carolina.”

June 1859: James Buchanan visits the University of North Carolina

This Month in North Carolina History

Campus 1855Wednesday, the first of June 1859, was hot and dry in Chapel Hill The University’s annual commencement exercises had already been going on for two days, and the morning’s program was just winding up when a large party of visitors, tired and covered with dust, arrived from Raleigh. Although late, this party was perhaps the most important part of the graduation ceremonies, because it included James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States and the second chief magistrate to visit the University campus.

In anticipation of Buchanan’s visit the largest crowd ever to have attended graduation gathered in Chapel Hill, putting a serious strain on the resources both of private hosts and public accommodations. Every carriage in the village and surrounding countryside had been pressed into service transporting the crowds, and when they were not sufficient, springless wagons took up the slack in a bone-jarring sort of way. The carriage of the President and official party was drawn by matched horses. Anything that could pull a wagon, including combinations of horses and mules, sufficed for the rest.

Music for the occasion was provided by the Richmond Armory band. In honor of the President, for the first time in its history the University invited a militia company, the Wilmington Light Infantry, to participate in the festivities. Reporters from the New York Herald and the Richmond Dispatch covered the visit, along with several local papers. Difficult as observers of the modern University may find it to believe, in 1859 UNC ignored and neglected the press. One reporter complained of paying two dollars for a ride from Durham in a wagon and then having to sleep on the floor when he got to Chapel Hill.

Buchanan was a hit with the crowds and seems to have enjoyed himself thoroughly. He made several well received impromptu speeches, although he usually spoke from prepared texts. He dined on the lawn of President Swain’s house with members of the senior class, the faculty, and the trustees. He met the public at a reception under the Davie Poplar during which, a University historian points out, the President kissed only one young lady. Perhaps this was noted especially since Buchanan, the only bachelor president, seems to have enjoyed kissing young ladies. The wife of one of his cabinet officers noted that the President “…had a good time in N. Carolina for Mr. T. says he kissed hundreds of pretty girls which made his mouth water.”

Buchanan came to Chapel Hill near the end of his presidency at a time when he was feeling deep unhappiness and frustration in his political life. When he was elected president in 1856 he brought to the office not only his political popularity, but also substantial experience and talent. He had served for years in both the Pennsylvania legislature and the United States House and Senate. He had been U. S. ambassador to Russia and Great Britain and had been Secretary of State under President Pierce. He had for decades been a shrewd leader of the Democratic Party in his home state and the nation. In less than four years, however, his presidency had fallen apart under the stress of sectional animosity. Buchanan was a northern man with southern sympathies. He liked and admired many slave holders and believed slavery to be a benevolent institution. However, he also revered the constitution and federal union. Caught between militant supporters of slavery on the one hand and abolitionists on the other, Buchanan could find no political way out except to appeal to everyone to obey the law. This position satisfied no one and the country moved ever closer to dissolution as his term came to an end.

When Buchanan spoke at Chapel Hill he often referred to his love of the union, the constitution, and the law. Perhaps this is one of the sources of his popularity during the visit. Perhaps North Carolinians, many of whom supported both the federal union and the “peculiar institution” of slavery, could identify with James Buchanan, caught, and increasingly helpless, between veneration of the union and the conflict over slavery.


Klein, Philip Shriver. President James Buchanan: a biography. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, c. 1962.

Battle, Kemp Plummer. History of the University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill, NC: Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2002.

Auchampaugh, Philip. “A forgotten journey of an antebellum president,” reprinted from Tyler’s Quarterly Historical and Genealogical Magazine, July 1935.

Image Source:

[“UNC Campus ca. 1855”] from the North Carolina Collection Photographic Archives. File #77-113